Metcalfe, Victoria

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Metcalfe
Victoria
MetcalfeShireHall.JPG
Former Shire Hall and Council chambers at Metcalfe
Metcalfe is located in Shire of Mount Alexander
Metcalfe
Metcalfe
Coordinates 37°06′S 144°25′E / 37.100°S 144.417°E / -37.100; 144.417Coordinates: 37°06′S 144°25′E / 37.100°S 144.417°E / -37.100; 144.417
Population 330 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 3448
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Mount Alexander
State electorate(s) Macedon
Federal Division(s) Bendigo
Localities around Metcalfe:
Harcourt Eppalock Redesdale
Barkers Creek Metcalfe Tooborac
Elphinstone Kyneton Benloch

Metcalfe is a locality in central Victoria, Australia. The name 'Metcalfe' probably derives from Baron (Charles) Metcalfe, Governor-General of India and later of Canada, who died in 1846. Metcalfe lies on the Coliban River, downstream from the Malmsbury reservoir.

Metcalfe was developed mainly during the central Victorian gold rush of 1851-1865. It is reported that in 1851, when the first miners arrived on the Mount Alexander goldfield, near Castlemaine, nuggets could be picked up without digging. Nearby reserves still bear the scars of mining activity including deep shafts and adits.

In 1861 the Metcalfe road board was established, and in 1865 the Shire of Metcalfe was declared and the shire hall was constructed. The shire hall still contains the record of all councillors and mayors from then until the dissolution of the shire in 1995.

For most of its history the major economic activity has been grazing. Recent (2015) purchases of large grazing properties have been made by Chinese interests.

At times, Metcalfe has had a school, a post office, a pub and various other businesses, but all of these are now closed. With the opening of the Calder Freeway the volume of traffic travelling via Metcalfe between Kyneton and Bendigo reduced significantly.

Metcalfe Post Office opened on 13 December 1866.[2]

Attractions[edit]

At the 'Cascades', just to the west of the village, the Coliban River flows over and among huge granite boulders and outcrops, creating many rock pools, small and large. The place is popular all year round for walks, picnics and swimming.

The Metcalfe Tractor Pull, held in September each year, attracts participants and spectators from all over the state, and beyond.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census, Metcalfe had a population of 330.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Metcalfe (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008 

External links[edit]

Media related to Metcalfe, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons