Meteor (web framework)

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Developer(s)Meteor Development Group
Initial releaseJanuary 20, 2012; 7 years ago (2012-01-20)[1]
Stable release
1.8 [2] / 2018-10-05[±]
RepositoryMeteor Repository
Written inJavaScript
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeJavaScript framework
LicenseMIT License Edit this at Wikidata

Meteor, or MeteorJS, is a free and open-source isomorphic JavaScript web framework[3] written using Node.js. Meteor allows for rapid prototyping and produces cross-platform (Android, iOS, Web) code. It integrates with MongoDB and uses the Distributed Data Protocol and a publish–subscribe pattern to automatically propagate data changes to clients without requiring the developer to write any synchronization code. On the client, Meteor can be used with its own Blaze templating engine, as well as with the Angular or React frameworks.

Meteor is developed by the Meteor Development Group. The startup was incubated by Y Combinator[4] and received $11.2M in funding from Andreessen Horowitz in July 2012.[5] Meteor raised an additional $20M in Series B funding from Matrix Partners, Andreessen Horowitz and Trinity Ventures.[6] It intends to become profitable by offering Galaxy, an enterprise-grade hosting environment for Meteor applications.[7]


Having been in development for about 8 months, Meteor was initially released in December 2011 under the name Skybreak.[8] By April 2012, the framework was renamed Meteor and officially launched.[9] During the next few months, and with the help of large investments from Andreessen Horowitz and endorsements from high-profile figures in the startup world,[9] Meteor steadily increased its user base and became more commonly used in production websites.

Particularly after receiving large amounts of venture capital in its Series B funding round, Meteor acquired and integrated several other startups into its core product. Acquisitions have included FathomDB, a cloud database startup,[10] Galaxy, a cloud platform for operating and managing Meteor applications,[11] and Kadira, a performance monitoring solution.[12] Unlike its competitors React, AngularJS, and Ember.js, Meteor has successfully monetized its userbase: In 2016, Meteor beat its own revenue goals by 30% by offering web hosting for Meteor apps through Galaxy.[13]

From 2016 the Meteor Development Group (the open source organisation powering Meteor) started working on a new backend layer based on GraphQL to gradually replace their pub/sub system, largely isolated in the whole node.js ecosystem: the Apollo framework.


  • Coleman, Tom; Greif, Sacha - Discover Meteor (2014)[14]
  • Hochhaus, Stephan; Schoebel, Manuel - Meteor in Action (2014)[15]
  • Müns, Philipp - Auditing Meteor Applications (2016)
  • Strack, Isaac - Getting started with Meteor.js JavaScript framework (2012)[16]
  • Susiripala, Arunoda - Bulletproof Meteor (2014)[17]
  • Titarenco, David; Robinson, Josh; Gray, Aaron - Introducing Meteor (2015)[18]
  • Susiripala, Arunoda - Meteor Explained - A Journey Into Meteor's Reactivity (2014)[19]
  • Turnbull, David - Your First Meteor Application: A Complete Beginner's Guide to the Meteor JavaScript Framework (2014)[20]

Packages and Tools[edit]

  • Meteor Toys - in-app development tools [21]
  • Meteor Candy - in-app admin panel [22]
  • InjectDetect - database injection attack detection [23]
  • Vulcan.js - React/GraphQL stack built on top of Meteor [24]
  • Apollo - GraphQL server with support for Meteor


  1. ^ "Bump to version 0.1.1 · meteor/meteor@4e4358e". GitHub.
  2. ^ "Meteor 1.8 erases the debts of 1.7". Retrieved 2018-10-13.
  3. ^ Vanian, Jonathan (27 December 2014). "Meteor wants to be the warp drive for building real-time apps". Gigaom.
  4. ^ Tan, Garry. "Meteor (YC S11) raises $11.2M from Andreessen Horowitz and Matrix Partners to create the next Ruby on Rails". Y Combinator.
  5. ^ Finley, Klint (2012-07-25). "Andreessen Horowitz Keeps Eating The Software World With $11.2 Million Investment In JavaScript Framework Company Meteor". TechCrunch.
  6. ^ "Announcing our $20m Series B Funding – Meteor Blog". Meteor Blog. 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  7. ^ "Meteor's new $11.2 million development budget – Meteor Blog". 25 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Skybreak is now Meteor – Meteor Blog". 20 January 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Meteor: Etherpad Founder & Other Rockstars Team Up To Make Web App Development A Breeze – TechCrunch".
  10. ^ Lardinois, Frederic (2014-10-07). "Meteor Acquires YC Alum FathomDB For Its Development Platform". TechCrunch.
  11. ^ DeBergalis, Matt (2015-10-05). "Announcing Meteor Galaxy". Meteor Blog. Retrieved 2017-02-03.
  12. ^ "MDG acquires Kadira APM – Meteor Blog". Meteor Blog. 2017-03-24. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  13. ^ "Meteor in 2017 – Meteor Blog". Meteor Blog. 2017-01-26. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
  14. ^ Coleman, Tom; Grief, Sacha. Discover Meteor.
  15. ^ Hochhaus, Stephan; Schoebel, Manuel (2014). Meteor in Action. Manning. ISBN 9781617292477.
  16. ^ Strack, Isaac (2012). Getting started with Meteor.js JavaScript framework (New Edition. ed.). Birmingham, UK: Packt Pub. ISBN 978-1782160823.
  17. ^ Susiripala, Arunoda. "Bulletproof Meteor". Meteorhacks.
  18. ^ Robinson, Josh,. Introducing Meteor. Gray, Aaron,, Titarenco, David,. [Berkeley, CA]. ISBN 9781430268352. OCLC 934083393.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  19. ^ Susiripala, Arunoda. "Meteor Explained - A Journey Into Meteor's Reactivity". Meteorhacks.
  20. ^ Turnbull, David (30 July 2014). Your First Meteor Application.
  21. ^ "Meteor Toys". Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  22. ^ "Meteor Candy, the Admin Panel for Your Meteor.js App". Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  23. ^ "Inject Detect". Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  24. ^ "VulcanJS: The full-stack React+GraphQL framework". Retrieved 2017-09-29.

External links[edit]