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Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota
Class: Methanopyri
Order: Methanopyrales
Family: Methanopyraceae
Genus: Methanopyrus
Binomial name
Kurr et al. 1992

In taxonomy, Methanopyrus is a genus of the Methanopyraceae.[1]

Methanopyrus is a genus of methanogen, with a single described species, M. kandleri. It is a hyperthermophile, discovered on the wall of a black smoker from the Gulf of California at a depth of 2000 m, at temperatures of 84–110 °C. Strain 116 was discovered in black smoker fluid of the Kairei hydrothermal field; it can survive and reproduce at 122 °C.[2] It lives in a hydrogen-carbon dioxide rich environment, and like other methanogens reduces the latter to methane. It is placed among the Euryarchaeota, in its own class.


Further reading[edit]

Schacherl, Magdalena (December 2013). "Structural characterization of the ribonuclease H-like type ASKHA superfamily kinase MK0840 from Methanopyrus kandleri". Acta Crystallographica. 69 (12): 2440–2450. doi:10.1107/S0907444913022683. 

Su, Andreas; Tripp, Vanessa; Randau, Lennart (July 2013). "RNA-Seq analyses reveal the order of tRNA processing events and the maturation of C/D box and CRISPR RNAs in the hyperthermophile Methanopyrus kandleri". Nucleic Acids Research. Oxford University Press. 41 (12): 6250–6258. doi:10.1093/nar/gkt317. ISSN 0305-1048. PMC 3695527Freely accessible. PMID 23620296. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 

Scientific journals[edit]

  • Kurr M; Huber R; Konig H; Jannasch HW; et al. (1991). "Methanopyrus kandleri, gen. and sp. nov. represents a novel group of hyperthermophilic methanogens, growing at 110°C". Arch. Microbiol. 156 (4): 239–247. doi:10.1007/BF00262992. 

Scientific books[edit]

  • Huber R; Stetter KO (2001). "Family I. Methanopyralceae fam. nov.". In DR Boone; RW Castenholz. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. 

Scientific databases[edit]

External links[edit]