Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide
|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||210.23 g·mol−1|
|Density||1.170 g cm−3|
|Boiling point||decomposition beyond 80 °C (176 °F) |
|Detonation velocity||5200 m/s|
|Main hazards||Explosive, Toxic|
|R-phrases (outdated)||R7 R22 R34|
|S-phrases (outdated)||S3/7 S14 S26 S36/37/39 S45|
|Flash point||75 °C (167 °F; 348 K)|
|US health exposure limits (NIOSH):|
|C 0.2 ppm (1.5 mg/m3)|
IDLH (Immediate danger)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Methyl ethyl ketone peroxide (MEKP) is an organic peroxide, a high explosive similar to acetone peroxide. MEKP is a colorless, oily liquid whereas acetone peroxide is a white powder at STP; MEKP is slightly less sensitive to shock and temperature, and more stable in storage. Depending on the experimental conditions, several different adducts of methyl ethyl ketone and hydrogen peroxide are known. The first to be reported was a cyclic dimer, C8H16O4, in 1906. Later studies found that a linear dimer is the most prevalent in the mixture of products typically obtained, and this is the form that is typically quoted in the commercially available material from chemical supply companies.
Dilute solutions of 30 to 60% MEKP are used in industry and by hobbyists as the catalyst which initiates the crosslinking of unsaturated polyester resins used in fiberglass, and casting. For this application, MEKP is dissolved in dimethyl phthalate, cyclohexane peroxide, or diallyl phthalate to reduce sensitivity to shock. Benzoyl peroxide can be used for the same purpose.
MEKP is a severe skin irritant and can cause progressive corrosive damage or blindness.
- "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0416". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
- Record of 2-Butanone peroxide in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, accessed on March 10, 2013.
- Pastureau, P. (1907). "Le superoxyde de la méthyléthylcétone". Comptes Rendus. 144 (2): 90–93.
- Milas, N. A.; Golubović, A. (1959). "Studies in Organic Peroxides. XXV. Preparation, Separation and Identification of Peroxides Derived from Methyl Ethyl Ketone and Hydrogen Peroxide". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 81 (21): 5824–5826. doi:10.1021/ja01530a068.
- "2-Butanone peroxide". Sigma-Aldrich. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
- CDC - NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
- The Register: Mass murder in the skies: was the plot feasible?
- New York Times: Details Emerge in British Terror Case
- The Free Information Society: HMTD Synthesis