Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate

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Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate
Structural formula of methyl triflate
Ball-and-stick model of methyl triflate
Names
IUPAC name
Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate
Other names
Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid, methyl ester
Triflic acid, methyl ester, methyl triflate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.005.793
Properties
C2H3F3O3S
Molar mass 164.10 g·mol−1
Appearance Colourless Liquid
Density 1.496 g/mL
Melting point −64 °C (−83 °F; 209 K)
Boiling point 100 °C (212 °F; 373 K)
Hydrolyzes
Hazards
Main hazards Corrosive
R-phrases (outdated) R10-R34
S-phrases (outdated) S26-S36/37/39-S45
Flash point 38 °C (100 °F; 311 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate, also commonly called methyl triflate and abbreviated MeOTf, is the organic compound with the formula CF3SO2OCH3. It is a colourless liquid which finds use in organic chemistry as a powerful (and dangerous) methylating agent.[1] The compound is closely related to methyl fluorosulfonate (FSO2OCH3).

Synthesis[edit]

Methyl triflate is commercially available, however it may also be prepared in the laboratory by treating dimethyl sulfate with triflic acid.[2]

CF3SO2OH + (CH3O)2SO2 → CF3SO2OCH3 + CH3OSO2OH

Reactivity[edit]

The compound hydrolyzes violently upon contact with water:

CF3SO2OCH3 + H2O → CF3SO2OH + CH3OH

Methylation[edit]

One ranking of methylating agents is (CH3)3O+ > CF3SO2OCH3 ≈ FSO2OCH3 > (CH3)2SO4 > CH3I.[2] It will alkylate many functional groups that are only weakly basic such as aldehydes, amides, and nitriles. It does not methylate benzene or the bulky 2,6-di-tert-butylpyridine.[1] Its ability to methylate N-heterocycles is exploited in certain deprotection schemes.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Roger W. Alder; Justin G. E. Phillips; Lijun Huang; Xuefei Huang (2005). "Methyltrifluoromethanesulfonate". Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rm266m.pub2. 
  2. ^ a b Stang, Peter J.; Hanack, Michael; Subramanian, L. R. (1982). "Perfluoroalkanesulfonic Esters: Methods of Preparation and Applications in Organic Chemistry". Synthesis. 1982 (02): 85–126. ISSN 0039-7881. doi:10.1055/s-1982-29711. 
  3. ^ Albert I. Meyers; Mark E. Flanagan (1998). "2,2′-Dimethoxy-6-formylbiphenyl". Org. Synth. ; Coll. Vol., 9, p. 258