Methylmagnesium chloride

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Methylmagnesium chloride
Methylmagnesium-chloride-THF-3D-balls.png
Methylmagnesium chloride: shown with 2 molecules of THF coordinating to the Mg core.
Names
IUPAC name
chlorido(methyl)magnesium
Other names
(chloromagnesio)methane
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.010.573
Properties
CH3MgCl
Molar mass 74.79 g/mol
Appearance colorless solid
Reacts with water
Solubility soluble in diethyl ether and THF
Hazards
Main hazards flammable
Related compounds
Related compounds
Phenylmagnesium bromide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Methylmagnesium chloride is an organometallic compound with the general formula CH3MgCl. This highly flammable and moisture sensitive material is the simplest Grignard reagent and is commercially available, usually as a solution in tetrahydrofuran. Like methyllithium, it is the synthetic equivalent to the methyl carbanion synthon.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Sakai, Shogo; Jordan, K. D. (1982). "Ab initio study of the structure and vibrational frequencies of the Grignard reagent methylmagnesium chloride". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 104 (14): 4019. doi:10.1021/ja00378a047.