3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||74.79 g/mol|
|Reacts with water|
|Solubility||soluble in diethyl ether and THF|
|Main hazards||Flammable, Reacts with water|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Methylmagnesium chloride is an organometallic compound with the general formula CH3MgCl. This highly flammable, colorless, and moisture sensitive material is the simplest Grignard reagent and is commercially available, usually as a solution in tetrahydrofuran.
Synthesis and reactions
Relative to the more commonly encountered methylmagnesium bromide and methylmagnesium iodide, methylmagnesium chloride offers the advantages of low equivalent weight and low cost. It is prepared by the reaction of methyl chloride and magnesium in ethyl ether.
- CH3MgCl + ROH → CH4 + MgCl(OR)
- 2 CH3MgCl + dioxane → (CH3)2Mg + MgCl2(dioxane)
- Sakai, Shogo; Jordan, K. D. (1982). "Ab initio study of the structure and vibrational frequencies of the Grignard reagent methylmagnesium chloride". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 104 (14): 4019. doi:10.1021/ja00378a047.