Methylmalonyl-CoA carboxytransferase

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methylmalonyl-CoA carboxytransferase
Identifiers
EC number2.1.3.1
CAS number9029-86-1
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a methylmalonyl-CoA carboxytransferase (EC 2.1.3.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(S)-methylmalonyl-CoA + pyruvate propanoyl-CoA + oxaloacetate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA and pyruvate, whereas its two products are propanoyl-CoA and oxaloacetate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases that transfer one-carbon groups, specifically the carboxy- and carbamoyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxytransferase. Other names in common use include transcarboxylase, methylmalonyl coenzyme A carboxyltransferase, methylmalonyl-CoA transcarboxylase, oxalacetic transcarboxylase, methylmalonyl-CoA carboxyltransferase, methylmalonyl-CoA carboxyltransferase, (S)-2-methyl-3-oxopropanoyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxyltransferase, (S)-2-methyl-3-oxopropanoyl-CoA:pyruvate carboxytransferase, and carboxytransferase [incorrect]. This enzyme participates in propanoate metabolism. It has 3 cofactors: zinc, Biotin, and Cobalt.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 12 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1DCZ, 1DD2, 1ON3, 1ON9, 1RQB, 1RQE, 1RQH, 1RR2, 1S3H, 1U5J, 2D5D, and 2EVB.

References[edit]

  • Hoffmann A, Hilpert W, Dimroth P (1989). "The carboxyltransferase activity of the sodium-ion-translocating methylmalonyl-CoA decarboxylase of Veillonella alcalescens". Eur. J. Biochem. 179 (3): 645–50. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1989.tb14596.x. PMID 2920730.
  • Swick RW; Wood HG (1960). "The role of transcarboxylation in propionic acid fermentation". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 46 (1): 28–41. doi:10.1073/pnas.46.1.28. PMC 285006. PMID 16590594.