This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the carboxy-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA carboxy-lyase (propanoyl-CoA-forming). Other names in common use include propionyl-CoA carboxylase, propionyl coenzyme A carboxylase, methylmalonyl-coenzyme A decarboxylase, (S)-2-methyl-3-oxopropanoyl-CoA carboxy-lyase [incorrect], and (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA carboxy-lyase. This enzyme participates in propanoate metabolism.
Galivan JH, Allen SH (1968). "Methylmalonyl coenzyme A decarboxylase. Its role in succinate decarboxylation by Micrococcus lactilyticus". J. Biol. Chem. 243 (6): 1253–61. PMID5646172.
Hilpert W, Dimroth P (1982). "Conversion of the chemical energy of methylmalonyl-CoA decarboxylation into a Na+ gradient". Nature. 296 (5857): 584–5. PMID7070502. doi:10.1038/296584a0.
Hoffmann A, Hilpert W, Dimroth P (1989). "The carboxyltransferase activity of the sodium-ion-translocating methylmalonyl-CoA decarboxylase of Veillonella alcalescens". Eur. J. Biochem. 179 (3): 645–50. PMID2920730. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1989.tb14596.x.