|Preferred IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
|Molar mass||147.09 g/mol|
|Melting point||118 °C (244 °F; 391 K) (decomposes)|
|reacts violently, slowly hydrolysed|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Methylnitronitrosoguanidine (MNNG or MNG) is a biochemical tool used experimentally as a carcinogen and mutagen. It acts by adding alkyl groups to the O6 of guanine and O4 of thymine, which can lead to transition mutations between GC and AT. These changes do not cause a heavy distortion in the double helix of DNA and thus are hard to detect by the DNA mismatch repair system.
One of the earliest uses of Methylnitronitrosoguanidine was in 1985. A group of scientists tested whether or not the chemical composition of Methylnitronitrosoguanidine would directly affect the growth of tumors and cancer cells in rats.
In the experiment, the cancer cells from a Japanese cancer patient was injected into 8 rats. The biochemical tool and showed a decline of cancer cells in a few of the rats' bodies.