Frontal suture

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Frontal suture
Frontal suture.png
Skull at birth, seen from above
Crane suture metopique 01 04 2012 2 B.jpg
Persistent frontal suture in adult human skull
Details
Identifiers
Latin sutura frontalis
TA A02.1.03.007
FMA 52989
Anatomical terms of bone

The frontal suture is a fibrous joint that divides the two halves of the frontal bone of the skull in infants and children. Typically, it completely fuses between 3 and 9 months of age, with the two halves of the frontal bone being fused together. It is also called the metopic suture,[1][2] although this term may also refer specifically to a persistent frontal suture[3] (further detailed in section below).

If the suture is not present at birth because both frontal bones have fused (craniosynostosis), it will cause a keel-shaped deformity of the skull called "trigonocephaly."

Its presence in a fetal skull, along with other cranial sutures and fontanelles, provides a malleability to the skull that can facilitate movement of the head through the cervical canal and vagina during delivery. The dense connective tissue found between the frontal bones is replaced with bone tissue as the child grows older.

Persistent frontal suture[edit]

In some individuals the suture can persist (totally or partly) into adulthood, and in these cases it is referred to as a persistent metopic suture. The suture can either bisect the frontal bone and run from nasion to bregma or persist as a partial metopic suture (see image of frontal bone)[4] (where part of the suture survives and is connected to either bregma or nasion) or as an isolated metopic fissure. Persistent frontal sutures are of no clinical significance, although they can be mistaken for cranial fractures.[5] As persistent frontal sutures are visible in radiographs, they can be useful for the forensic identification of human skeletal remains. Persistent frontal sutures should not be confused with supranasal sutures (a small zig-zag shaped suture located at and/or immediately superior to the glabella).

Additional Images[edit]

Human baby skull. 
Human baby skull seen from top. Cranial sutures are depicted. Frontal suture is highlighted in blue. 
Human baby skull. 
Outer surface of frontal bone, adult human skull. ("Remains of frontal suture" identified at center.) 
Human baby skull. Anterior view. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vu, HL; Panchal, J; Parker, EE; Levine, NS; Francel, P. "The timing of physiologic closure of the metopic suture: a review of 159 patients using reconstructed 3D CT scans of the craniofacial region". J Craniofac Surg. 12: 527–32. PMID 11711818. doi:10.1097/00001665-200111000-00005. 
  2. ^ Medscape > Congenital Synostoses, by Silvio Podda, MD. Updated: Aug 18, 2010
  3. ^ Dictionary.com > metopic suture in turn citing: The American Heritage, Stedman's Medical Dictionary, Copyright 2002
  4. ^ Bademci, G; Kendi, T; Agalar, F (2007). "Persistent metopic suture can mimic the skull fractures in the emergency setting?". Neurocirugía. 18: 238–240. doi:10.1016/s1130-1473(07)70288-9. 
  5. ^ Bademci, G; Kendi, T; Agalar, F (2007). "Persistent metopic suture can mimic the skull fractures in the emergency setting?". Neurocirugía. 18: 238–240. doi:10.1016/s1130-1473(07)70288-9. 
  • "Frontal Suture", Stedman's Medical Dictionary, 27th ed. (2000).
  • Moore, Keith L. and T.V.N. Persaud. The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology, 7th ed. (2003).
  • Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Mathes and Hetz. chapter 92; nonsyndromic craniostosis.

See also[edit]