Metra Electric District

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Metra Electric District
59STREET.jpg
A Metra Electric train pulls out of 59th Street station
Overview
Type Commuter Rail
System Metra
Status Operational
Locale Chicago, Illinois, United States
Termini Millennium Station
University Park, South Chicago (93rd Street), Blue Island
Stations 49
Services Three
Daily ridership 34,000 (Avg. Weekday 2014)[1]
Operation
Owner Metra
Operator(s) Metra
Technical
Line length 31 mi (50 km)
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification Overhead catenary, 1500 V DC
Route map
0.00 Millennium Station South Shore Line
0.80 mi
1.29 km
Van Buren Street South Shore Line
1.43 mi
2.3 km
Museum Campus/11th Street South Shore Line
Amtrak
Amtrak
to Union Station
2.22 mi
3.57 km
18th Street
2.68 mi
4.31 km
McCormick Place South Shore Line
3.20 mi
5.15 km
27th Street
31st Street
35th Street
39th Street
43rd Street
5.90 mi
9.5 km
Kenwood/47th Street
50th Street
6.54 mi
10.53 km
Hyde Park/53rd Street
6.99 mi
11.25 km
55th–56th–57th Street South Shore Line
7.43 mi
11.96 km
59th Street
Jackson Park branch
8.33 mi
13.41 km
63rd Street South Shore Line
67th Street
South Chicago branch
9.10 mi
14.65 km
Stony Island
9.66 mi
15.55 km
Bryn Mawr
10.28 mi
16.54 km
South Shore
10.88 mi
17.51 km
Windsor Park
11.49 mi
18.49 km
Cheltenham
11.97 mi
19.26 km
83rd Street
12.51 mi
20.13 km
87th Street
91st Street (South Chicago)
13.04 mi
20.99 km
South Chicago (93rd Street)
70th Street
72nd Street
9.32 mi
15 km
75th Street (Grand Crossing)
9.99 mi
16.08 km
79th Street (Chatham)
10.38 mi
16.7 km
83rd Street (Avalon Park)
10.86 mi
17.48 km
87th Street (Woodruff)
11.37 mi
18.3 km
91st Street (Chesterfield)
12.04 mi
19.38 km
95th Street (CSU)
13.06 mi
21.02 km
103rd Street (Rosemoor)
13.54 mi
21.79 km
107th Street
13.95 mi
22.45 km
Pullman/111th Street
South Shore Line
South Shore Line
to South Bend Airport
14.49 mi
23.32 km
Kensington/115th Street
Blue Island branch
15.60 mi
25.11 km
State Street
16.06 mi
25.85 km
Stewart Ridge
16.68 mi
26.84 km
West Pullman
17.04 mi
27.42 km
Racine Avenue
17.87 mi
28.76 km
Ashland Avenue
18.36 mi
29.55 km
Burr Oak
RI to LaSalle Street
18.91 mi
30.43 km
Blue Island
Vermont Street
RI to Joliet
130th Street
Calumet River
17.33 mi
27.89 km
Riverdale
18.18 mi
29.26 km
Ivanhoe
18.98 mi
30.55 km
147th Street (Sibley Boulevard)
20.00 mi
32.19 km
Harvey
22.27 mi
35.84 km
Hazel Crest
22.82 mi
36.73 km
Calumet
23.51 mi
37.84 km
Homewood Amtrak
24.93 mi
40.12 km
Flossmoor
26.56 mi
42.74 km
Olympia Fields
27.62 mi
44.45 km
211th Street (Lincoln Highway)
28.24 mi
45.45 km
Matteson
29.33 mi
47.2 km
Richton Park
31.50 mi
50.69 km
University Park
Amtrak
Amtrak
to Carbondale and New Orleans

The Metra Electric District is an electrified commuter rail line owned and operated by Metra which connects Millennium Station (formerly Randolph Street Station), in downtown Chicago, with the city's southern suburbs. As of 2014, it is the second busiest of Metra's 11 lines, after the BNSF, with nearly 9.5 million annual riders.[2] While Metra does not explicitly refer to any of its lines by color, the timetable accents for the Metra Electric District are printed in bright "Panama orange" to reflect the line's origins with the Illinois Central Railroad (IC) and its Panama Limited passenger train.[3] It is the only Metra line that is solely a commuter route, which means no freight trains operate on this route. Instead, freight trains operate on tracks that are adjacent to the route. Its suburban operations line is the shortest on Metra's system, only running to fare zone G. If all the branches were combined, they would reach to zone J. It is also the only line with two downtown stations. During rush hours some trains do not reach Van Buren Street or Millennium Station.

It is the only Metra line powered by overhead catenary, and the only one with three branches. Trains operate on 1500 volts direct current, and all stations have high-level platforms. Its main line north of Kensington is shared by NICTD's South Shore Line, an electric interurban line through northern Indiana to South Bend.

It is the only Metra line with significant off-peak and Saturday service. In total, 92 trains depart Millennium Station according to the Monday-Saturday public timetable. Of these, 39 run on the main line. Of these, 29 reach University Park, with 5 terminating at Flossmoor and 5 terminating at Harvey. The stretch of the line from Millennium Station to 55th-56th-57th Street is the most heavily traveled section on the entire Metra system. Suburban operations along the line are the most frequent in the entire Metra system. The Metra Electric District also has the best on-time performance of all Metra lines, averaging only one late train a month in 2014.[4]

History[edit]

Steam era[edit]

The line was built by the Illinois Central Railroad, one of the first commuter services outside the major metropolitan areas of the northeastern United States. It opened on July 21, 1856 between the IC's downtown station (now Millennium Station) and Hyde Park. Part of the line was elevated for the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Jackson Park.

The line predates the 1871 Great Chicago Fire, and ran on a trestle just offshore in Lake Michigan. After the fire, remains of buildings destroyed by the fire were dumped into the lake, creating landfill that forms the foundation of Grant Park, which the Metra Electric District runs through.

Two branches were added: from Brookdale southeast to South Chicago in the early 1880s, and from Kensington southwest to Blue Island in the early 1890s, both later electrified and still operated by Metra.

Electrical IC era[edit]

An Illinois Central train at Richton Park in 1968.

By the early 20th century the IC operated up to 300 steam trains each day. In 1919, the IC and the Chicago government collaborated to build a berm from the far south suburb of Homewood into the city. They also dug a trench from the near south side into the city proper, eliminating all grade crossings on the main line except one just south of the Richton Park station. The University Park extension required the line to cross a very long private driveway. The South Chicago branch runs at grade, crossing many city streets.

The grade crossing elimination project was followed by electrification. The IC electrified the commuter tracks in 1926, from downtown to Matteson. In addition to the removal of all grade crossings, the tracks were separated from, and moved to the west side of, the two freight and inter-city tracks. At McCormick Place just south of downtown Chicago, the two non-electrified tracks to Central Station (opened 1893) crossed over the new electric alignment. The electric tracks continued north to the new Randolph Street Station, on the site of the IC's original terminal.

The "IC Electric" was once Chicago's busiest suburban railroad, and carried a great deal of traffic within the city as well as to suburban communities. The three lines carried 26 million passengers in 1927, the first full year of electrified operation. Ridership rose to 35 million in 1929, and reached an all-time peak of 47 million in 1946.

Service was extended 1.1 miles (1.8 km) southward from Matteson to Richton Park, a new station at the south end of the coach storage yard, in 1946.[5]

The main line had six tracks between Roosevelt Road (Central Station) and 53rd Street (reduced to four in 1962), four to 111th Street, then two, as does the South Chicago branch; the Blue Island branch is single track.

1972 collision[edit]

The Illinois Central Gulf commuter rail crash, the worst rail accident in Chicago history, occurred on October 30, 1972. A new lightweight bi-level commuter train inbound to Chicago during the morning rush hour overshot the 27th Street platform and backed up into the station. The bi-level train had already tripped the signals to green for the next train, an older, heavy steel single-level express train. As the bi-level train was backing up at 11 miles per hour (18 km/h), it was struck by the single-level train at full speed. The single-level train telescoped the bi-level train, killing 45 passengers and injuring hundreds more, primarily in the bi-level train. A major contributing factor was that Illinois Central Gulf used a dark gray color scheme on the front ends of the Highliner fleet which was very difficult to see on the cloudy morning of the accident. After the accident the ends of all of the ICG 1926 heavyweight still in use and Highliner MU fleet were partially painted with bright orange added for additional visibility.

RTA era[edit]

Monroe Street, to the south of which (lower left) the Metra tracks emerge from the tunnel into Millennium Station.

In 1976 the Regional Transportation Authority signed a contract with Illinois Central Gulf to fund its commuter service. The next year an extension of 2.3 miles (3.7 km) was built to the current terminal at University Park (originally named Park Forest South). On May 1, 1987 Metra bought the line and its branches for $28 million. Two inter-city freight tracks retained by the ICG are now part of the Canadian National Railway, used by Amtrak's City of New Orleans, Illini and Saluki trains.

The Metra Electric District is the only line on the Metra system in which all stations (except 18th and 47th Streets, both flag stops) have ticket vending machines. The machines originally sold magnetically encoded tickets which unlocked the turnstiles. People with paper tickets or weekend passes, on reduced fares or who had trouble with the vending machines had to use a blue or orange pal phone to contact an operator who would unlock the turnstiles. Complaints from passengers who missed their trains caused Metra to remove the turnstiles in November 2003.

The main line and South Chicago branch run daily, but the Blue Island Branch does not operate on Sundays or holidays. A unique feature of the Metra Electric schedule is the similarity of the weekday and Saturday timetables. Many express trains run throughout the day in both directions. On other Metra lines, express service operates exclusively during the morning and afternoon rush hours. It is the only Metra line where all trackage is used exclusively for commuter service. Freight trains and Amtrak trains run on a pair of adjacent tracks owned by the Canadian National Railroad.

Off-peak and Saturday service is frequent, while Sunday service operates hourly north of 63rd Street and every 2 hours south of 63rd.

Potential expansion or service alterations[edit]

The proposed Gold Line, derived from the earlier and more extensive Gray Line plan[6] would have the Electric District operate more like a rapid transit line, by running trains more frequently (every ten minutes between 6am and midnight) with reduced-fare transfers to CTA buses and trains. Unlike the current service, which bypasses many stations to reach suburban stations more quickly, it would make all stops within the city. It would run from Millennium Station to South Chicago (93rd Street) at an estimated cost at $160 million.[7] Since the Gold Line was proposed, the idea of providing rapid transit service along Chicago's south lakefront has gained considerable support from neighborhoods along its route. Despite its popular support, officials from CTA and Metra have largely dismissed the plan, focussing on other expansion projects. In response to this and other concerns, in 2009 the RTA and the Chicago Department of Transportation authorized $450,000 for a "South Lakefront Study" that is anticipated to yield either one or two new transit projects that are eligible for Federal transit funding.[8]

An extension to Peotone, Illinois has been considered since the SouthWest Service was extended to Manhattan.[9][10]

On May 24, 2017, Metra announced new schedule proposals for the line. The new schedule will provide rapid service for the Hyde Park stations every 20 minutes on weekdays until 7 p.m. and every half-hour on Saturdays. The proposed schedule also calls for boosting service on the main line from 63rd Street to Kensington, from every two hours to every hour. However, the proposed schedule also calls for the elimination of lightly used Blue Island trains, including all Saturday service. The new schedule is expected to go in effect some time this summer.[11]

Fleet[edit]

Metra Electric District
Specifications
Coupling system Scharfenberg or Tomlinson?
Metra Electric District lines are in Panama Orange, South Shore in Dark Burgundy

The Metra Electric District uses second-generation bi-level Highliner multiple unit cars built by Nippon Sharyo. These will be supplemented by additional EMU's built at Nippon Sharyo's new Rochelle, IL facility opened in 2012.[12] In 2005, these began to replace the original Highliner fleet built by St. Louis Car Company and Bombardier in the 1970s.

On February 12, 2016 the original Highliners left on their last run in revenue service. Metra confirmed in a Facebook post that twenty-four cars are being sent to museums around the Midwestern United States, including the Illinois Railway Museum, while an unconfirmed source stated that some cars were sent to Mendota, Illinois to be scrapped.[13]

Numbers Type Year built Builder Status
1227-1387 Highliner II 2012–Present Nippon Sharyo In Service
1201-1226 Highliner II 2005 Nippon Sharyo In Service
1501-1630 Highliner 1971-1972 St. Louis Retired
1631-1666 Highliner 1978-1979 Bombardier Retired
1100-1229 EMU coach 1926 Pullman Retired
1230-1239 EMU coach 1928 Pullman Retired
1301-1320 EMU trailer 1921 Pullman Retired
1321-1345 EMU trailer 1924 Pullman Retired
1346-1430 EMU trailer 1926 Standard Steel Retired
1431-1440 EMU Trailer 1928 Pullman Retired

Stations[edit]

Zone Station Municipality County Notes
A Millennium Station Chicago Cook Connections:

Mainline rail interchange South Shore Line
Metro interchange CTA "L" lines: Red Line (at Lake via Chicago Pedway), Green, Brown, Orange, Pink, and Purple Lines (at Randolph/Wabash)
Bus interchange CTA buses: 3 King Drive, 4 Cottage Grove, 6 Jackson Park Express, 19 United Center Express, 20 Madison, 26 South Shore Express, 60 Blue Island/26th, N66 Chicago, 124 Navy Pier, 143 Stockton/Michigan Express, 145 Wilson/Michigan Express, 147 Outer Drive Express, 148 Clarendon/Michigan Express, 151 Sheridan, and 157 Streeterville/Taylor
Bus interchange Pace buses: 855 Plainfield-East Loop Express
Bus interchange ChicaGo Dash

Van Buren Street Connections:

Mainline rail interchange South Shore Line
Bus interchange CTA buses: 1 Bronzeville/Union Station, 3 King Drive, 4 Cottage Grove, 6 Jackson Park Express, 7 Harrison, J14 Jeffery Jump, 26 South Shore Express, 126 Jackson, 130 Museum Campus, 132 Goose Island Express, 145 Wilson/Michigan Express, 147 Outer Drive Express, 148 Clarendon/Michigan Express, and 151 Sheridan

Museum Campus/11th Street Points of interest:

Museum Campus
Connections:
Mainline rail interchange South Shore Line
Metro interchange CTA "L" lines: Red, Green, and Orange Lines (at Roosevelt)
Bus interchange CTA buses: 1 Bronzeville/Union Station, 3 King Drive, 4 Cottage Grove, 6 Jackson Park Express, 12 Roosevelt, 18 16th/18th, 130 Museum Campus, and 146 Inner Drive/Michigan Express

18th Street
McCormick Place Points of interest:

McCormick Place
Connections:
Mainline rail interchange South Shore Line
Bus interchange CTA buses: 3 King Drive and 21 Cermak

27th Street Connections:

Bus interchange CTA buses: 3 King Drive and 21 Cermak

31st Street Closed between 1960 and 1965
35th Street Closed between 1939 and 1957
39th Street (Oakland) Closed between 1939 and 1957
43rd Street Closed between 1960 and 1965
47th Street (Kenwood) Connections:

Bus interchange CTA buses: 2 Hyde Park Express, 6 Jackson Park Express, 28 Stony Island, and 47 47th

B 51st–53rd Street (Hyde Park) Points of interest:

Kenwood Academy
Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: 2 Hyde Park Express, 6 Jackson Park Express, 15 Jeffery Local, 28 Stony Island, 171 University of Chicago/Hyde Park, and 172 University of Chicago/Kenwood

55th–56th–57th Street Points of interest:

Museum of Science and Industry and University of Chicago
Connections:
Mainline rail interchange South Shore Line
Bus interchange CTA buses: 15 Jeffery Local, 28 Stony Island, 55 Garfield, 170 University of Chicago/Midway, and 171 University of Chicago/Hyde Park

59th Street/University of Chicago Points of interest:

University of Chicago and Midway Plaisance
Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: 2 Hyde Park Express, 6 Jackson Park Express, 15 Jeffery Local, and 28 Stony Island

63rd Street Connections:

Mainline rail interchange South Shore Line
Bus interchange CTA buses: 63 63rd

67th Street Closed after 1972, platforms still existent
72nd Street Closed between 1960 and 1965
75th Street (Grand Crossing) Connections:

Bus interchange CTA buses: 30 South Chicago and 75 74th/75th

79th Street (Chatham) Connections:

Bus interchange CTA buses: 79 79th

Stony Island South Chicago branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: 28 Stony Island and 71 71st/South Shore

Bryn Mawr South Chicago branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: N5 South Shore Night Bus, J14 Jeffery Jump, 15 Jeffery Local, and 71 71st/South Shore

South Shore South Chicago branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: 6 Jackson Park Express, 26 South Shore Express, and 71 71st/South Shore

Windsor Park South Chicago branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: N5 South Shore Night Bus, 71 71st/South Shore, and 75 74th/75th

Cheltenham South Chicago branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: 79 79th

83rd Street South Chicago branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: N5 South Shore Night Bus, 26 South Shore Express, and 71 71st/South Shore

87th Street South Chicago branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: 87 87th

91st Street (South Chicago) South Chicago branch

Closed in 2001, replaced by South Chicago (93rd Street)

South Chicago (93rd Street) South Chicago Branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: N5 South Shore Night Bus, 26 South Shore Express, 30 South Chicago, 71 71st/South Shore, 87 87th, and 95 95th

C 83rd Street (Avalon Park)
87th Street (Woodruff) Connections:

Bus interchange CTA buses: 87 87th

91st Street (Chesterfield)
95th Street/Chicago State University Points of interest:

Chicago State University
Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: 4 Cottage Grove, N5 South Shore Night Bus, 95 95th, 100 Jeffery Manor Express, and 115 Pullman/115th

103rd Street (Rosemoor) Connections:

Bus interchange CTA buses: 4 Cottage Grove, 106 East 103rd, and 115 Pullman/115th

107th Street Connections:

Bus interchange CTA buses: 4 Cottage Grove and 115 Pullman/115th

111th Street (Pullman) Connections:

Bus interchange CTA buses: 4 Cottage Grove and 115 Pullman/115th

Kensington/115th Street Connections:

Bus interchange CTA buses: 4 Cottage Grove, 111A Pullman Shuttle, and 115 Pullman/115th

N/A 130th Street (Wildwood) Closed between 1960 and 1965
D State Street Blue Island branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: 34 South Michigan

Stewart Ridge Blue Island branch
West Pullman Blue Island branch

Connections:
Bus interchange CTA buses: 8A South Halsted and 108 Halsted/95th
Bus interchange Pace buses: 352 Halsted and 359 Robbins/South Kedzie Avenue

Racine Avenue Blue Island branch
Ashland Avenue Calumet Park Blue Island branch
Burr Oak Blue Island branch

Connections:
Bus interchange Pace buses: 359 Robbins/South Kedzie Avenue

Blue Island Blue Island Blue Island branch

Connections:
Mainline rail interchange Metra trains: Rock Island District (at Vermont Street)
Bus interchange Pace buses: 348 Harvey/Riverdale/Blue Island, 349 South Western, 359 Robbins/South Kedzie Avenue, and 385 87th/111th/127th

Riverdale Riverdale Connections:

Bus interchange Pace buses: 348 Harvey/Riverdale/Blue Island

Ivanhoe
147th Street (Sibley Boulevard) Harvey Connections:

Bus interchange Pace buses: 350 Sibley and 352 Halsted

Harvey station Connections:

Bus interchange Pace buses: 348 Harvey/Riverdale/Blue Island, 349 South Western, 350 Sibley, 352 Halsted, 354 Harvey/Oak Forest Loop, 356 Harvey/Homewood/Tinley Park, 361 Harvey/Laraway Crossings, 364 159th Street, 877 South Suburban Oakbrook Limited, and 890 South Suburbs/UPS Hodgkins

E Hazel Crest Hazel Crest Connections:

Bus interchange Pace buses: 356 Harvey/Homewood/Tinley Park

Calumet East Hazel Crest Points of interest:

Calumet Country Club
Connections:
Bus interchange Pace buses: 356 Harvey/Homewood/Tinley Park

Homewood Homewood Points of interest:

Homewood Railroad Park Museum
Connections:
Mainline rail interchange Amtrak trains: City of New Orleans, and Illini and Saluki
Bus interchange Pace buses: 356 Harvey/Homewood/Tinley Park, 359 Robbins/South Kedzie Avenue, and 372 Dixie Highway

Flossmoor Flossmoor
F Olympia Fields Olympia Fields
211th Street (Lincoln Highway) Connections:

Bus interchange Pace buses: 357 Lincoln Highway

Matteson Matteson
Richton Park Connections:

Bus interchange Pace buses: 362 South Park Forest

University Park University Park Will Connections:

Bus interchange Pace buses: 367 University Park
Bus interchange River Valley Metro buses: University Park 1 and University Park 2

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Operations and Ridership Data". Metra. Commuter Rail Division of the Regional Transportation Authority. Retrieved 6 November 2015. 
  2. ^ "COMMUTER RAIL RIDERSHIP TRENDS ANNUAL – 2014" (PDF). Metra: 3. 2014. 
  3. ^ "Did you know?" (PDF). On the Bi-Level: 3. June 2009. 
  4. ^ "The best and worst of Metra's on-time performance". Retrieved 10 July 2016. 
  5. ^ Allen & Benedict.
  6. ^ "The Gold Line Proposal". Hyde park Urbanist. October 11, 2007. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  7. ^ Freemark, Yonah (July 6, 2009). "Chicago Transit Advocates Encourage Rapid Transit Conversion of Metra Line". The Transport Politic. Retrieved February 23, 2010. 
  8. ^ "RTA Releases List of 19 Proposed Transit Projects Throughout the Region for Public Comment" (PDF). Regional Transportation Authority. Retrieved March 3, 2010. 
  9. ^ Hilkevitch, Jon; Worthington, Rogers (18 April 1999). "Metra Wish List Grows With 3 Ambitious Lines". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Groark, Virginia (8 February 2005). "Metra line extension proposed to Peotone airport". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  11. ^ https://metrarail.com/about-metra/newsroom/metra-proposes-revised-metra-electric-schedule
  12. ^ New Highliners will roll out of the factory, Metra - On the Bi-Level, Commuter Newsletter, January 2011
  13. ^ https://www.facebook.com/MetraRail/videos/727365644067148.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google

KML is from Wikidata

Media related to Metra Electric District at Wikimedia Commons