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Metro Mini
MetroMini 640 Sudirman 2.JPG
A MetroMini bus on Sudirman avenue
LocaleJakarta, Indonesia
Transit typeMinibus

The MetroMini minibus system is major part of the public transport system of Jakarta. There were reportedly over 3,000 buses in the MetroMini fleet in mid-2012. The buses are similar to the parallel Kopaja system which also provides transport services, on different routes, across Jakarta. The distinctive MetroMini buses are orange and blue with a white stripe running along the length of the bus. Buses provide seating for around 20-30 people with, often, an equal number crammed into limited standing room so the buses are often overcrowded. But at 2015 Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama stopped all of Metromini's bus operations because of a metromini vs commuter line crash.If Metromini wants to operate again, it has to join Transjakarta like the Kopaja as a feeder bus.

Policy issues[edit]

There is considerable public debate in Jakarta about the services provided by the minibus fleets. The minibus systems are, at best, only loosely regulated. They are part of the large informal sector which underpins the more formalised part of the Jakarta economy.

On one hand, the buses are cheap and plentiful. On the other hand, passengers frequently complain about the quality of services. For example, safety is often compromised by this practice of overloading.[1] In addition, the drivers are often reckless and do not pay attention to traffic signs and other traffic.[2] Like the Kopaja buses, the MetroMini bus diesel vehicles are often badly maintained and contribute significant amounts of pollution in Jakarta.[3] Indeed, many of the buses are known to operate without such basic equipment as handbrakes and speedometers.[4] Some observers take the view that the structure of the Minibus system, which is largely run by individuals operating in a semi-legal manner, needs to be better regulated. In principle, bus operators are required to abide by Indonesian laws and regulations about public transportation. But in practice, operators often ignore these laws. For example, in principle, public transport is required to be provided by legal firms which have a corporate structure but this is generally not the case with the Metromini buses. Some bus owners are reported to have formed a cooperative but the corporate arrangements are described as "ramshackle."[5]


A MetroMini ngetem at Rawasari bus stop while another one is overtaking it.

MetroMini buses are numbered and travel along designated routes. The numbers are sometimes a little hard to spot since they are posted in a somewhat random fashion on the buses, usually on the front and back windows and sometimes (or alternatively) on the side windows as well. There are also designated bus stops but the bus stops are rarely used. Rather, passengers just wave down the slowly travelling passing buses and later just indicate the spot where they wish to alight. Conductors hanging out of the front or rear doors of the minibuses who are often shouting the destination as the buses travel along (such as, "Senen, Senen, Senen" on route Nos 001 to 010 listed below), facilitate these arrangements. For foreign visitors who may be unsure of routes, often the best thing to do is just ask another passenger for directions.[6]

Minibus services often do not adhere to regular travel interval arrangements or schedules. MetroMini drivers often stop for quite a long time at the halte (bus stop) waiting for potential passengers. This practice of halting for a period at bus stops is popularly called ngetem, probably derived from "time" (because the drivers are taking their time). The result is that buses plying the same route often catch up and overtake each other in a rather random way while competing for passengers.

List of routes[edit]

The following is the set of routes currently in service. The bus numbers and routes sometime show prefix letters which indicate the following:

  • P = Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat)
  • B = West Jakarta (Jakarta Barat)
  • S = South Jakarta (Jakarta Selatan)
  • T = East Jakarta (Jakarta Timur)
  • U = North Jakarta (Jakarta Utara)

From Pasar Senen

001 Senen - RS Islam Cempaka Putih - Taman Solo

003 Senen - Cempaka Putih - Rawamangun

005 Senen - Johar Baru - Mardani

007 Senen - Cempaka Mas - Semper

010 Senen - Kemayoran - Sunter

011 Senen - Kemayoran - Bendungan Jago

015 Senen - Sabang - Setiabudi

017 Senen - Cikini - Manggarai

047 Senen - Cempaka Putih - Pondok Kopi

From Tanjung Priok

023 Tanjung Priok - Cilincing

024 Tanjung Priok - Sunter - Senen

From Kota

029 Kota - Pademangan - Sunter

030 Kota - Pluit - Muara Angke

From Pulo Gadung

041 Pulo Gadung - Tugu - Tanjung Priok

042 Pulo Gadung - Penggilingan - Perumnas Klender

043 Pulo Gadung - Pondok Ungu - Seroja

044 Pulo Gadung - Penggilingan - Pulo Gebang

045 Pulo Gadung - Jatiwaringin - Pondok Gede

046 Pulo Gadung - Utan Kayu - Kampung Melayu

049 Pulo Gadung - Rawamangun Muka - Utan Kayu - Pramuka - Tambak - Manggarai

From Kampung Melayu

050 Kampung Melayu - Duren Sawit - Perumnas Klender

052 Kampung Melayu - Buaran - Stasiun Cakung

053 Kampung Melayu - Otista - Dewi Sartika - Condet - Kampung Rambutan

054 Kampung Melayu - Kalimalang - Pondok Kelapa

506 Kampung Melayu - Klender - Pondok Kopi

783 Kampung Melayu - Kalimalang - Cibubur - Cileungsi

From Manggarai

060 Manggarai - Tebet - Kampung Melayu

061 Manggarai - Bukit Duri - Kampung Melayu

062 Manggarai - Pancoran - Pasar Minggu

From Blok M

069 Blok M - Kyai Maja - Kreo - Ciledug

070 Blok M - Pos Pengumben - Joglo

071 Blok M - Tanah Kusir - Kodam Bintaro

072 Blok M - Pasar Mayestik - Radio Dalam - Pondok Indah – Lebak Bulus

074 Blok M - Tanah Kusir - Rempoa

075 Blok M - Tendean - Warung Buncit - Mampang - Pejaten Barat - Pasar Minggu

076 Blok M - Cilandak - Tol TB. Simatupang - Kampung Rambutan

077 Blok M - Bangka - Mampang - Ragunan Depan

078 Blok M - Mayestik - Kebayoran Lama - Cidodol

079 Blok M - Fatmawati - Lebak Bulus

610 Blok M - Cipete - RS Fatmawati - Pondok Labu

611 Blok M - Pondok Pinang - Pasar Jumat - Lebak Bulus

619 Blok M - Pangeran Antasari - TB Simatupang - RS Fatmawati - Pondok Labu - Cinere

733 Blok M- Bintara - Kranji

811 Blok M - Lebak Bulus - Rempoa - Bintaro

From Kalideres

082 Kalideres - Kamal - Kapuk - Grogol

084 Kalideres - Pluit - Kota

085 Kalideres - Permata Hijau - Lebak Bulus

Other routes

058 Cililitan - Pondok Bambu - Perumnas Klender

064 Pasar Minggu - Kalibata - Cililitan

091 Batusari - Tanjung Duren - Citraland - Grogol - Roxy Mas - Tanah Abang

092 Joglo - Kedoya - Jalan Panjang - Daan Mogot - Grogol

640 Pasar Minggu - Pancoran - Gatot Subroto - Thamrin - Tosari - Tanah Abang

719 Lebak Bulus - Pondok Gede - Jatiasih

789 Perumnas Klender - Pulo Gadung - Harapan Indah

792 Perumnas Klender - Pondok Kelapa - Bekasi


  1. ^ Pangeran Siahaan, 'Being Led by Leaders with a Mentality of a MetroMini Bus Drivers', The Jakarta Globe, 25 May 2012.
  2. ^ "My Jakarta: Rudin, Public Bus Driver". The Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012. See also, 'Taming minibus drivers', The Jakarta Post, 20 October 2012.
  3. ^ Anita Rachman, 'Buses, Angkots and Rustpots Driving Jakarta Residents Crazy' Archived 2012-07-11 at the Wayback Machine, The Jakarta Globe, 7 May 2012.
  4. ^ Sita W. Dewi, ''Who needs handbrakes?' Ask Metro Mini drivers', The Jakarta Post 30 August 2013.
  5. ^ 'Metromini owners must form corporations', The Jakarta Post, 10 October 2012.
  6. ^ Munir Winkel, 'On the Buses' Archived 2013-04-15 at the Wayback Machine. Jakarta Post Weekender, 11 July 2012.