A MetroMini bus on Sudirman avenue
The MetroMini minibus system is major part of the public transport system of Jakarta. There were reportedly over 3,000 buses in the MetroMini fleet in mid-2012. The buses are similar to the parallel Kopaja system which also provides transport services, on different routes, across Jakarta. The distinctive MetroMini buses are orange and blue with a white stripe running along the length of the bus. Buses provide seating for around 20-30 people with, often, an equal number crammed into limited standing room so the buses are often overcrowded. But at 2015 Jakarta Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama stopped all of Metromini's bus operations because of a metromini vs commuter line crash.If Metromini wants to operate again, it has to join Transjakarta like the Kopaja as a feeder bus.
There is considerable public debate in Jakarta about the services provided by the minibus fleets. The minibus systems are, at best, only loosely regulated. They are part of the large informal sector which underpins the more formalised part of the Jakarta economy.
On one hand, the buses are cheap and plentiful. On the other hand, passengers frequently complain about the quality of services. For example, safety is often compromised by this practice of overloading. In addition, the drivers are often reckless and do not pay attention to traffic signs and other traffic. Like the Kopaja buses, the MetroMini bus diesel vehicles are often badly maintained and contribute significant amounts of pollution in Jakarta. Indeed, many of the buses are known to operate without such basic equipment as handbrakes and speedometers. Some observers take the view that the structure of the Minibus system, which is largely run by individuals operating in a semi-legal manner, needs to be better regulated. In principle, bus operators are required to abide by Indonesian laws and regulations about public transportation. But in practice, operators often ignore these laws. For example, in principle, public transport is required to be provided by legal firms which have a corporate structure but this is generally not the case with the Metromini buses. Some bus owners are reported to have formed a cooperative but the corporate arrangements are described as "ramshackle."
MetroMini buses are numbered and travel along designated routes. The numbers are sometimes a little hard to spot since they are posted in a somewhat random fashion on the buses, usually on the front and back windows and sometimes (or alternatively) on the side windows as well. There are also designated bus stops but the bus stops are rarely used. Rather, passengers just wave down the slowly travelling passing buses and later just indicate the spot where they wish to alight. Conductors hanging out of the front or rear doors of the minibuses who are often shouting the destination as the buses travel along (such as, "Senen, Senen, Senen" on route Nos 001 to 010 listed below), facilitate these arrangements. For foreign visitors who may be unsure of routes, often the best thing to do is just ask another passenger for directions.
Minibus services often do not adhere to regular travel interval arrangements or schedules. MetroMini drivers often stop for quite a long time at the halte (bus stop) waiting for potential passengers. This practice of halting for a period at bus stops is popularly called ngetem, probably derived from "time" (because the drivers are taking their time). The result is that buses plying the same route often catch up and overtake each other in a rather random way while competing for passengers.
List of routes
The following is the set of routes currently in service. The bus numbers and routes sometime show prefix letters which indicate the following:
- P = Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat)
- B = West Jakarta (Jakarta Barat)
- S = South Jakarta (Jakarta Selatan)
- T = East Jakarta (Jakarta Timur)
- U = North Jakarta (Jakarta Utara)
From Pasar Senen
001 Senen - RS Islam Cempaka Putih - Taman Solo
003 Senen - Cempaka Putih - Rawamangun
005 Senen - Johar Baru - Mardani
007 Senen - Cempaka Mas - Semper
010 Senen - Kemayoran - Sunter
011 Senen - Kemayoran - Bendungan Jago
017 Senen - Cikini - Manggarai
047 Senen - Cempaka Putih - Pondok Kopi
From Tanjung Priok
023 Tanjung Priok - Cilincing
024 Tanjung Priok - Sunter - Senen
029 Kota - Pademangan - Sunter
030 Kota - Pluit - Muara Angke
From Pulo Gadung
041 Pulo Gadung - Tugu - Tanjung Priok
042 Pulo Gadung - Penggilingan - Perumnas Klender
043 Pulo Gadung - Pondok Ungu - Seroja
044 Pulo Gadung - Penggilingan - Pulo Gebang
045 Pulo Gadung - Jatiwaringin - Pondok Gede
046 Pulo Gadung - Utan Kayu - Kampung Melayu
049 Pulo Gadung - Rawamangun Muka - Utan Kayu - Pramuka - Tambak - Manggarai
From Kampung Melayu
050 Kampung Melayu - Duren Sawit - Perumnas Klender
052 Kampung Melayu - Buaran - Stasiun Cakung
053 Kampung Melayu - Otista - Dewi Sartika - Condet - Kampung Rambutan
054 Kampung Melayu - Kalimalang - Pondok Kelapa
506 Kampung Melayu - Klender - Pondok Kopi
783 Kampung Melayu - Kalimalang - Cibubur - Cileungsi
060 Manggarai - Tebet - Kampung Melayu
061 Manggarai - Bukit Duri - Kampung Melayu
062 Manggarai - Pancoran - Pasar Minggu
From Blok M
069 Blok M - Kyai Maja - Kreo - Ciledug
070 Blok M - Pos Pengumben - Joglo
071 Blok M - Tanah Kusir - Kodam Bintaro
072 Blok M - Pasar Mayestik - Radio Dalam - Pondok Indah – Lebak Bulus
074 Blok M - Tanah Kusir - Rempoa
076 Blok M - Cilandak - Tol TB. Simatupang - Kampung Rambutan
077 Blok M - Bangka - Mampang - Ragunan Depan
078 Blok M - Mayestik - Kebayoran Lama - Cidodol
079 Blok M - Fatmawati - Lebak Bulus
610 Blok M - Cipete - RS Fatmawati - Pondok Labu
611 Blok M - Pondok Pinang - Pasar Jumat - Lebak Bulus
619 Blok M - Pangeran Antasari - TB Simatupang - RS Fatmawati - Pondok Labu - Cinere
733 Blok M- Bintara - Kranji
811 Blok M - Lebak Bulus - Rempoa - Bintaro
082 Kalideres - Kamal - Kapuk - Grogol
084 Kalideres - Pluit - Kota
085 Kalideres - Permata Hijau - Lebak Bulus
058 Cililitan - Pondok Bambu - Perumnas Klender
064 Pasar Minggu - Kalibata - Cililitan
091 Batusari - Tanjung Duren - Citraland - Grogol - Roxy Mas - Tanah Abang
092 Joglo - Kedoya - Jalan Panjang - Daan Mogot - Grogol
719 Lebak Bulus - Pondok Gede - Jatiasih
789 Perumnas Klender - Pulo Gadung - Harapan Indah
792 Perumnas Klender - Pondok Kelapa - Bekasi
- Pangeran Siahaan, 'Being Led by Leaders with a Mentality of a MetroMini Bus Drivers', The Jakarta Globe, 25 May 2012.
- "My Jakarta: Rudin, Public Bus Driver". The Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012. See also, 'Taming minibus drivers', The Jakarta Post, 20 October 2012.
- Anita Rachman, 'Buses, Angkots and Rustpots Driving Jakarta Residents Crazy' Archived 2012-07-11 at the Wayback Machine, The Jakarta Globe, 7 May 2012.
- Sita W. Dewi, ''Who needs handbrakes?' Ask Metro Mini drivers', The Jakarta Post 30 August 2013.
- 'Metromini owners must form corporations', The Jakarta Post, 10 October 2012.
- Munir Winkel, 'On the Buses' Archived 2013-04-15 at the Wayback Machine. Jakarta Post Weekender, 11 July 2012.