|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||3 + 2 under construction|
|Number of stations||26 currently, another 6-10 planned|
|Operator(s)||Great Western Railway|
MetroWest, formerly known as the Greater Bristol Metro, is a project to improve the rail services in Bristol, England, and the surrounding region. It was first proposed at First Great Western's Stakeholder Event in March 2008. The aim of the project is to develop half-hourly services through central Bristol which will also serve the surrounding West of England region. Transport campaigning groups Friends of Suburban Bristol Railways (FoSBR) and Transport for Greater Bristol are actively supporting the proposal,  as are the three unitary authorities under the West of England Combined Authority and North Somerset Council.
Earlier plans for a metro system were promoted by then MEP Richard Cottrell in 1986, and acts of Parliament were secured. This would have used existing track, with new build through the city centre. However, the scheme folded in around 2004 when Advanced Transport for Avon was wound up with debts of £3.8 million.
Rail usage in the West of England doubled in the ten years between 1999 and 2009. A campaign for a Greater Bristol Metro was launched in February 2012, with plans prepared by engineering consultancy Halcrow Group. The scheme was estimated to cost £22 million at 2008/09 prices and could be completed between 2016 and 2021.
The 2012 plans included station reopening costs, estimated by Bristol City Council to be an average of £5 million each. Related estimates for reopening of the Portishead Railway and for four-tracking between Parson Street and Filton Bank were reported as approximately £50 million and £30 million respectively. It was subsequently reported that the Portishead Railway reopening would cost around £33 million.
The scheme was given the go-ahead in July 2012 as part of the City Deal, whereby local councils would be given greater control over money by the government. Councillor Tim Kent stated in September 2012 that the first part of the scheme, on the Severn Beach Line, would be delivered "next year".
An opinion piece in the Bristol Evening Post in June 2011 called for the establishment of an Integrated Transport Authority for the West of England and for progress on the metro proposal. During the Rail Priority Conference organised by the West of England Partnership in November 2011, delegates travelled on the Portishead line, the Severn Beach line and the Henbury Loop, using sections of track not currently used for passenger traffic. In early 2012, during the consultation phase for the new Great Western rail franchise, Bristol City Council and local rail user groups launched Bristol Metro 2013 to ask bidders to incorporate metro plans into their bids. Bristol MPs were lobbied in Westminster by Dawn Primarolo (MP for Bristol South) and Steve Webb (former MP for Thornbury & Yate). The Saltford Station Campaign Group and Bath and North East Somerset Council suggested in April 2012 that the reopening of Saltford station could be part funded by means other than those included in the West of England Partnership's report.
By 2015, little progress had been made on the project, with the West of England Local Enterprise Partnership producing a Key Principles Report in November 2015 reiterating the aspiration to reopen lines and increased train frequencies as well as discussing future potential transport projects for the West of England region, including new rail transit based options referred to as MetroWest++. The options outlined include reopening the Thornbury Branch Line, a Yate to Bath route, the use of tram train technology, a link to the city centre and a connection to Bristol Airport. A 2015 report was produced by Arup, appointed by Bristol City Council, to analyse potential cost of electrifying both phases of MetroWest, with Arup concluding a total cost of £175 million.
By 2017, the planned opening date for the Portishead Line was said to be 2020.[failed verification] In March 2017, MetroWest reported a substantial increase in the estimated costs of Phase 1, owing to the work required to upgrade the line in the Avon Gorge to achieve the line speeds required for a half-hourly service, and to reroute road traffic away from a level crossing in Ashton Vale. The original £50 million cost estimate had increased to £145 million, which was reduced to £116 million by changing the planned frequency to hourly. In 2018 the local authority made a bid for funding from central government that was turned down, placing the project into uncertainty.
Funding promised for Portishead line, 2019
£31 million of funding for the Portishead line was promised in April 2019 by Chris Grayling, the Secretary of State for Transport. After this the revised date for the opening of the Portishead line became 'by 2023'. In August 2019, North Somerset Council announced it would be submitting a development consent order to the Government by the end of September, with a proposed 2023 opening being reiterated. The COVID-19 pandemic then pushed back the opening of the Portishead Line by one year to December 2024.
The MetroWest Project has two phases. MetroWest Phase One involves the reopening of the Portishead Line, and hourly services between Severn Beach and Bath Spa. Phase Two consists of reopening the Henbury Line, with half-hourly services between Weston-super-Mare and Yate.
New rail lines
The two major components of the MetroWest project are the reopening of the disused Portishead Railway, with stations at Pill and Portishead; and the reopening to passenger traffic of the Henbury Line with stations at Ashley Down, Filton North and Henbury. The lines would have services to/from Bristol Temple Meads, and were each expected to carry 0.4 million passengers per year. In April 2016, it was reported that the North Somerset Council had agreed to buy two parcels of land for the creation of the Portishead and Pill stations at the cost of £880,000.
Upgrades and new stations on existing lines
Upgrades to existing lines include the four-tracking of Filton Bank, the line from Bristol Temple Meads to Bristol Parkway, in order to separate local journeys from express and long distance trains, similar to the S-train principle. This work was completed in 2018 and will allow two trains per hour between Bristol Temple Meads and Yate, and two trains per hour from the Severn Beach Line to Bath Spa, which are expected to generate 0.25 and 0.6 million passengers per year respectively.
In 2017, £2.23 million was allocated for construction of the Portway Parkway station on the Severn Beach Line, which had been under discussion since 2009. £1.67m came from the government's New Stations Fund, with additional funding from the West of England Combined Authority and West of England Local Enterprise Partnership. Ground surveys began in 2017, with completion originally planned for 2019; however, planning permission was not granted until March 2019.
Extensions are proposed north from Yate to Gloucester and southeast from Bath to Westbury, with WECA in talks with Network Rail to determine the necessary infrastructure. In 2016, Wiltshire Council were studying the potential of a MetroWest extension to Chippenham which would see a reopened Corsham station between Chippenham and Bath Spa.
In 2020 WECA published its 10 year rail delivery plan, which included the potential reopening of Charfield railway station and "Temple Meads to Parson Street capacity building to allow more frequent services".
A report produced by the West of England LEP into improving access to Bristol Airport from the city centre studied the potential of a heavy rail link to the airport, either branching from Parson Street following the A38 road, from Nailsea & Backwell, or from Yatton using the old trackbed of the Wrington Vale Light Railway. However, by 2017 it was confirmed the airport link was likely to form part of Bristol's proposed mass transit network.
Thornbury Branch Line
Suggestions were made to reopen the Thornbury Branch Line. However, in 2017 the West of England Combined Authority found there would be several challenges in delivering this proposal, as the former rail alignment into Thornbury is now occupied by an industrial estate and there is no practical routing into the town. The station would therefore have to be located on the edge of Thornbury at a significant distance from the town centre, making it less attractive to passengers. The Grovesend tunnel would also need to be reopened, with its current condition unknown, and there would be capacity constraints at Westerleigh Junction. This led to the Authority deciding not to pursue reopening the line. FOSBR continue to advocate reopening the line in the future.
- Greater Bristol
- MetroBus (Bristol)
- Transport in Bristol
- Urban rail in the United Kingdom
- Rail services in the West of England
- "How transport decisions are made in the West of England". TravelWest. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
- White, James (13 March 2009). "Item 04 Greater Bristol Metro" (PDF). West of England Partnership. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "FoSBR Plan for Rail". fosbr.org.uk. 2020. Retrieved 1 September 2020.
- "Transport for Greater Bristol : News". tfgb.org.uk. 2011. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "CS10: Transportation and Movement (application/pdf Object)" (PDF). North Somerset Council. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "Campaign launched for a Greater Bristol Metro link". Bristol Evening Post. 23 February 2012. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "Supertram vision at end of the line". Bristol Evening Post, archived at LexisNexis. Bristol United Press. 3 June 2004. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "National Rail Trends 2009-10 Yearbook" (PDF). Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
- "Campaigners for Greater Bristol Metro set out plans to transform rail services by 2018". Bristol Evening Post. 5 March 2012. Archived from the original on 4 July 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "Greater Bristol Metro report: First phase would cost £40m". Bristol Evening Post. 9 March 2012. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- Ribbeck, Michael (6 July 2012). "£100 million Bristol Metro train network by 2016". The Post, Bristol. Northcliffe Media. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "Popular Severn Beach line gets new late service". Bristol Evening Post. 18 September 2012. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- "Bristol's metro is not as far off track as you might think". Bristol Evening Post. Northcliffe Media. 30 June 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- "Rail Priority Conference 2011". travelplus.org.uk. 2011x. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Pierce, Ellie; Terretta, Hayley (21 November 2011). "Proposed revival for Bristol Metro scheme". Epigram. University of Bristol Student Union. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- Staff (17 January 2012). "A campaign to revolutionise Bristol's local rail service that could see trains from Temple Meads serving all local stations every half hour is being launched today". thisisbristol.co.uk. Northcliffe Media. Archived from the original on 20 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
- Primarolo, Dawn (23 March 2012). "News from Your Local MP". HearFromYourMP. mySociety. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- Sauvebois, Marion (18 April 2012). "Thornbury and Yate MP Steve Webb lobbies government for rail upgrade". Gloucestershire News, South Gloucestershire News - from the Gazette Series. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "Hopes remaining high for Saltford Station". Bath Chronicle. 28 April 2012. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
- "Saltford Station Campaign News". Retrieved 8 January 2012.
- "Issues and Options for Consultation. Key Principles Report" (PDF). West of England Joint Transport Study. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- "West of England Partnership - West of England Suburban Rail - Business Case" (PDF). Arup. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Consultation on the location for Portishead rail station" (PDF). North Somerset Council. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
- "Significant estimated cost increases for MetroWest Phase 1". Travelwest. 9 March 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- Pickstock, Heather (21 March 2017). "Portishead to Bristol railway line work to be done 'in stages'". Bristol Post. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- "Is this the end of the Portishead to Bristol MetroWest rail line? Central government has refused to fund scheme". Bristol Live. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Portishead-Bristol line restoration gets funding boost". BBC News. 8 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- "Councillors confident trains to Bristol from Portishead will run 'by 2023'". North Somerset Times. 1 March 2019. Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Plans for £116m Portishead to Bristol rail line to be sent to Government next month". North Somerset Times. 28 August 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Opening of Portishead railway line now delayed until 2024". Bristol Post. 11 November 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
- "Council's £850k deal for 'exciting' rail project". North Somerset Times. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
- NR agrees £33m contract for Bristol four-tracking Rail issue 761 12 November 2014 page 24
- "Draft Joint Local Transport Plan 4 - 2019-2036" (PDF). West of England Combined Authority. January 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Funding Boost for West of England Transport Projects". West of England Combined Authority. 28 June 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- Yong, Michael (15 August 2017). "Portway Park and Ride train station set to open in 2019 as work starts". Bristol Post. Local World. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- Wilson, Kate (15 April 2019). "Portway Park and Ride train station on track after planning permission granted". Bristol Post. Local World. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- "Bristol's MetroWest could be expanded to Gloucester and Westbury". FOSBR. 5 March 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "CASE FOR NEW RAILWAY STATION AT CORSHAM IS STRONG – WILTSHIRE COUNCIL". Business Biscuit. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "Plan approved to transform West of England rail travel". West of England Combined Authority. 9 December 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
- "Bristol South West Economic Link - Options Development Report" (PDF). westofenglandlep.co.uk. Retrieved 20 November 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "West of England Joint Transport Study - Executive Summary - October 2017" (PDF). West of England Combined Authority. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- "October 2017 - Issue 95(V2)" (PDF). FOSBR. October 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Restoring Your Railway Fund could provide a toolkit for town transformation". Railway Gazette International. 23 June 2020. Retrieved 23 June 2020.