Metro Line M3 (Budapest Metro)

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Metro Line M3
Budapest M3 Metro.svg
Overview
TypeRapid transit
SystemBudapest Metro
StatusOperational
TerminiNagyvárad tér
Újpest-Központ
Stations20 (5 closed)
Line numberLine 3 ("Blue metro")
Operation
OpenedDecember 31, 1976 (1976-12-31)
Operator(s)BKV
Technical
Line length16.5 km (10 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification825 V DC
Operating speed80 km/h[2]
Route map
Budapest metro network 3.svg
Metro 3
Újpest-központ
Újpest-városkapu
Hungarian State Railways
Gyöngyösi utca
Forgách utca
Árpád híd
Dózsa György út
Lehel tér
Nyugati pályaudvar
Hungarian State Railways
Arany János utca
Deák Ferenc tér
BKV m 1 jms.svgBKV m 2 jms.svg
Ferenciek tere
Kálvin tér
BKV m 4 jms.svg
Corvin-negyed
Klinikák
Nagyvárad tér
Bus interchange
M3 replacement bus
BKV busz symbol.svg
Népliget
BKV busz symbol.svg
Ecseri út
BKV busz symbol.svg
Pöttyös utca
BKV busz symbol.svg
Határ út
BKV busz symbol.svg
Kőbánya-Kispest
Hungarian State Railways
Detailed track map
0
31
Újpest-központ
1
29
Újpest-városkapu
Hungarian State Railways
3
27
Gyöngyösi utca
5
25
Forgách utca
7
24
Árpád híd
8
22
Dózsa György út
10
21
Lehel tér
11
19
Nyugati pályaudvar
Hungarian State Railways
13
17
Arany János utca
15
16
Deák Ferenc tér
BKV m 1 jms.svgBKV m 2 jms.svg
16
14
Ferenciek tere
17
13
Kálvin tér
BKV m 4 jms.svg
19
11
Corvin-negyed
20
10
Klinikák
22
8
Nagyvárad tér
24
7
Népliget
26
5
Ecseri út
27
4
Pöttyös utca
29
2
Határ út
31
0
Kőbánya-Kispest
Hungarian State Railways

Line 3 (Officially: North-South Line, Metro 3 or M3, and unofficially: Blue Line) is the third and longest line of the Budapest Metro. It runs in a general north-south direction parallel to the Danube on the Pest side, roughly following Váci út south from Újpest to the city center, then following the route of Üllői út southeast to Kőbánya-Kispest. Its daily ridership is estimated at 626,179. Like Line 1, it does not serve Buda.

History[edit]

The first decree for the third line was made in 1968,[3] construction started in 1970, the first section was opened in 1976 with six stations. The southern direction was complemented with five more stations in 1980, and the northern one in 1981, 1984, and 1990 with nine stations, reaching its current length of 20 stations and 16.5 km (10 mi), the longest line in Budapest.[2][3] Soviet-made 81-717/714 carriages (prevalent in many Eastern Bloc metro systems) operate on this line. Operation started with 4 units in 1976, expanded to 6 units in 1984.[4] Six unit-trains provide space for 1,097 people.[1] It was planned for a daily ridership of 800,000 people.[1]

Line 3 runs in a north-south direction (more exactly, from north-northeast to southeast) through the city and connects several populous microraion with the downtown.[5] It has a transfer station with Line 1 and Line 2 at Deák Ferenc tér, and a transfer station for Line 4 at Kálvin tér.

Ongoing reconstruction[edit]

Mayor of Budapest Gábor Demszky was warned in 2006[6] by BKV that the line would soon need reconstruction, but no steps towards this were made before the new mayor István Tarlós took office in 2010. The trains started burning or smoking multiple times, but this has caused neither fatalities nor serious injuries as of yet. Tarlós reacted by ordering the retirement of all trains that were more than 40 years old. He also started the reconstruction of the tracks, because they were also reported as hazardous. In 2014 the mayor's administration finished laying out the plans for the complete reconstruction of the line and Viktor Orbán's government allowed the local government to finance the reconstruction of the trains by taking up loans. Repayment of the loans was guaranteed by the national government in case the municipal government was not able to pay. The municipal government requested EU funds to finance the reconstruction of the underground infrastructure (tunnels and stations), the national government assured it would provide financing in case no or less EU funds were obtained than the necessary amount.

The first metro train was handed over in January 2016 to the Russian Metrowagonmash (the original manufacturer) to be reconstructed.[7] Tarlós had preferred buying new trains, but he had been overwritten by the Orbán-government.[8] The prototype of the reconstructed trains entered service on March 20, 2017.[9] Since then, the number of reconstructed trains serving the line is scheduled to increase by 2 trains every month.

On September 4, 2017 the contracts for reconstructing the whole tunnel and the stations of the northern section were signed, thus effectively starting the reconstruction. The stations were to be finished by December 31, 2018, but eventually they were only opened on March 30, 2019. The reconstruction of the southern section (NépligetKőbánya–Kispest) was started on April 6, 2019. After these phases, the stations of the middle section will be reconstructed. Overhauling the tunnel is set to be completed by August 24, 2020.[10]

Criticism[edit]

Civil groups voiced their concerns over the lack of accessibility and air-conditioning.[11] In response, Tarlós promised modular AC units would be installed on the trains and the government agreed to make 18 out of the 20 stations accessible.[12][13]

Timeline[edit]

Segment[2][3] Date opened Length
Deák Ferenc térNagyvárad tér 31 December 1976 4.1 km
Nagyvárad térKőbánya–Kispest 29 March 1980 4.9 km
Deák Ferenc térLehel tér 30 December 1981 2.4 km
Lehel térÁrpád híd 5 November 1984 1.7 km
Árpád hídÚjpest–Központ 14 December 1990 3.4 km
Total 20 Stations 16.5 km

Stations and connections[edit]

BKV metro.svg BKV m 3 jms.svg Kőbánya-Kispest – Újpest-Központ
Travel Time
minutes
Station Travel Time
minutes
Connection Buildings / Monuments
Kőbánya-Kispest

Closed station
BKV busz symbol.svg M3, 68, 85, 85E, 93, 93A, 98, 98E, 136E, 148, 151, 182, 184, 193E, 200E, 201E, 202E, 282E, 284E
Bkktavolsagibusz.svg 575, 576, 577, 580, 581
Hungarian State Railways (MÁV)
Határ út
Closed station
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 42, 50, 52
BKV busz symbol.svg M3, M3E, 194M, 200E, 66, 66B, 66E, 84E, 89E, 94E, 99, 123, 123A, 194, 194B, 199, 294E
Pöttyös utca
Closed station
BKV busz symbol.svg M3, M3E
Ecseri út
Closed station
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 3
BKV busz symbol.svg M3, M3E, 181, 281
Népliget
Closed station
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 1
BKV busz symbol.svg M3, 254M, 194M, 200E 254E
Bkktavolsagibusz.svg 607, 608, 626, 628, 629, 630, 631, 632, 633, 635, 636, 654, 655, 660, 661, 705
Bkktavolsagibusz.svg (Volánbusz)
Népliget, Groupama Arena, Planetarium
0 Nagyvárad tér 22 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 24
BKV busz symbol.svg M3, M3E, 200E, 194M, 254M, 281
Semmelweis University Nagyvárad Téri Elméleti Tömb (NET), Hungarian Natural History Museum, Ludovika Military Academy
2 Klinikák 20 Semmelweis University Clinic
3 Corvin-negyed 19 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 4, 6 Museum of Applied Arts
5 Kálvin tér 17 BKV metro.svgBKV m 4 jms.svg
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 47, 47B, 48, 49
Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 83, City
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 15, 100E, 115
Fővárosi Szabó Ervin Könyvtár, Hungarian National Museum
6 Ferenciek tere 16 BKV busz symbol.svg 5, 7, 8E, 15, 108E, 110, 112, 115, 133E, 178
Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg City
7 Deák Ferenc tér 15 BKV metro.svgBKV m 1 jms.svg BKV m 2 jms.svg
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 47, 48, 49
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 16, 100E, 105
Deák Ferenc tér, Town Hall, Metro Museum (Földalatti Vasúti Múzeum)
9 Arany János utca 13 Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 72, 73, City
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 15, 115
St. Stephen's Basilica
10 Nyugati pályaudvar 12 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 4, 6
Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 72, 73
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 26, 91, 191, 226, 291
Hungarian State Railways (MÁV)
Nyugati pályaudvar, WestEnd City Center
12 Lehel tér 10 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 12M, 14M
Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 76, City
BKV busz symbol.svg 15, 34, 106, 115
Lehel csarnok
14 Dózsa György út 8 Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 75, 79
BKV busz symbol.svg 34, 106
15 Árpád híd 7 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 1
BKV busz symbol.svg 26, 32, 34, 106, 115, 120
Bkktavolsagibusz.svg 800, 801, 805, 810, 815, 820, 830, 831, 832, 840
17 Forgách utca
5 BKV busz symbol.svg 32
19 Gyöngyösi utca
3 BKV busz symbol.svg 15, 105
BKK hajo symbol.svg D11 budapest.svg
21 Újpest-Városkapu
1 BKV busz symbol.svg 104, 104A, 121, 122, 196, 196A, 204
Bkktavolsagibusz.svg 300, 302, 303, 305, 306, 308, 309, 310, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 318, 319, 320, 872, 880, 882, 883, 884, 889, 890, 893
BKK hajo symbol.svg D11 budapest.svg
Hungarian State Railways (MÁV)
22 Újpest-Központ
0 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 12, 12M, 14M
BKV busz symbol.svg 25, 30, 30A, 104, 104A, 147, 170, 196, 196A, 204, 220, 230, 270

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c András Koós - Tamás Szirmay - Jenő Tiborcz: A budapesti 3-as metróvonal új szakasza ("The new section of Budapest Metro Line 3"), Városi Közlekedés, Year XXXI, Vol. 1, pp. 126-127, Budapest, 1991
  2. ^ a b c Árpád Bodnár: A budapesti metró két évtizede ("Two decades of the Budapest Metro"), Városi Közlekedés, Year XXXI, Vol. 3, pp. 119-121, Budapest, 1991
  3. ^ a b c Ágnes Medveczky Kovácsyné: 25 éves a budapesti metró ("Budapest Metro is 25 years old"), BKV, Budapest, 1995
  4. ^ Botond Aba: 30 éves a budapesti metró ("Budapest Metro is 30 years old"), Városi Közlekedés, Year XL, Vol. 2, pp. 71, Budapest, 2000
  5. ^ Budapest City Atlas, Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2011, ISBN 978-963-03-9124-5
  6. ^ "Announcement about the state of Metro Line 3 by Budapest Mass Transport Company˝".
  7. ^ "Reconstruction of Metro Line 3's trains starts". 2016-02-02.
  8. ^ "Tarlós: reconstruction of the trains of Metro Line 3 can start". 2014-09-25.
  9. ^ "The first reconstructed train on Line M3 enters service". 2017-03-20.
  10. ^ "Contracts of Metro Line 3 reconstruction signed". 2017-09-04.
  11. ^ Szabó, Zsolt. "Nem mind lift, ami annak látszik a metróban". mno.hu (in Hungarian).
  12. ^ [www.meosz.hu/blog/a-kormany-es-a-fovaros-a-teljes-koru-akadalymentesites-melle-allt-a-meosz-meggyozte-a-donteshozokat/ "A kormány és a főváros a teljes körű akadálymentesítés mellé állt"] Check |url= value (help). meosz.hu (in Hungarian).
  13. ^ "Átadták a hármas metró felújított szakaszát, és még klíma is lehet benne". hvg.hu (in Hungarian).