Metropolitan Borough of Bolton
|Borough of Bolton|
Bolton Town Hall, the seat of Bolton's borough council
|Motto: "Supera Moras"
(Latin: "Overcome delays")
Bolton shown within Greater Manchester
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North West England|
|Ceremonial county||Greater Manchester|
|Admin HQ||Bolton Town Hall|
|Founded||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Metropolitan borough|
|• Governing body||Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council|
|• Mayor:||Guy Harkin|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Leader:||Cllr. Cliff Morris (L)|
|• MPs:||David Crausby (L)
Yasmin Qureshi (L)
Chris Green (C)
|• Total||53.98 sq mi (139.80 km2)|
|Population (Mid-2014 est.)|
|• Total||280,439 (Ranked 43rd)|
|• Density||4,860/sq mi (1,877/km2)|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
|Postcode areas||BL1-BL7, M26|
|Area code(s)||01204, 01942, 0161|
|ONS code||00BL (ONS)
|OS grid reference||SD715095|
The Metropolitan Borough of Bolton i// is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England. It is named after its largest settlement, Bolton, but covers a far larger area which includes Blackrod, Farnworth, Horwich, Kearsley and Westhoughton, and a suburban and rural element from the West Pennine Moors. The borough has a population of 276,800, and is administered from Bolton Town Hall.
The boundaries the Bolton metropolitan district were set as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, and cover an amalgamation of eight former local government districts; seven Urban Districts from the administrative county of Lancashire, and the County Borough of Bolton. The metropolitan districts of Bury, Salford and Wigan lie to the east, south and west respectively; and the non-metropolitan districts of Blackburn with Darwen and Chorley in Lancashire lie to the north and north-west.
- the Municipal Borough of Farnworth
- the Urban District of Horwich
- the Urban District of Westhoughton
- the Urban District of Blackrod
- the Urban District of Kearsley
- the Urban District of Little Lever
- the southern part of the Urban District of Turton, specifically the villages of Bradshaw, Bromley Cross, Dunscar, Egerton and Harwood. This area is now known as South Turton.
Bolton Council unsuccessfully petitioned Elizabeth II for the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton to be granted city status in 1992 (the Queen’s 40th year as monarch), in 2000 (for the Millennium celebrations), in 2002 (Queen’s Golden Jubilee), and 2012 (Queen's Diamond Jubilee).
Horwich, Westhoughton and Blackrod are now constituted as civil parishes. There are three town councils in the metropolitan borough, Westhoughton Town Council, Horwich Town Council and Blackrod Town Council. The rest of the metropolitan borough, Bolton, Farnworth, Kearsley, Little Lever, and South Turton, have remained unparished areas since 1974.
According to the 2009 estimates, of the 265,100 people living in Bolton Metropolitan Borough, the following ethnicities have been recorded:
- 1.2% Mixed Race
The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton has only existed since 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the borough.
|Population growth in Bolton since 1801|
|Year||Population||% change||Year||Population||% change||Year||Population||% change|
|Source: Vision of Britain|
The Bolton metropolitan area is served by the following railway stations:
- Bolton Trinity Street - a town-centre transport interchange
- Bromley Cross
- Hall i' th' Wood
- Horwich Parkway (for the Macron Stadium - Bolton Wanderers FC)
- Moses Gate
- Daisy Hill
In 2007, Bolton was ranked 69th out of the 149 Local Education Authorities — and sixth out of ten in Greater Manchester — for its National Curriculum assessment performance. Measured on the percentage of pupils attaining at least 5 A*–C grades at GCSE including maths and English, the Bolton LEA was 111th out of 149: 40.1% of pupils achieved this objective, against a national average of 46.7%. Unauthorised absence from Bolton's secondary schools in the 2006/2007 academic year was 1.4%, in line with the national average, and authorised absence was 6.0% against the national average of 6.4%. At GCSE level, Bolton School (Girls' Division) was the most successful of Bolton's 21 secondary schools, with 99% of pupils achieving at least 5 A*–C grades at including maths and English.
The University of Bolton is one of Greater Manchester's four universities. In 2008, The Times Good University Guide ranked it 111th of 113 institutions in Britain. There are 4,440 students (83% undergraduate, 17% postgraduate); 2.6% come from outside Britain. In 2007 there were 8.8 applications for every place, and student satisfaction was recorded as 74.4%. It is one of Britain's newest universities, having been given this status in 2005.
GCSE Examination Performance 2009
|Bolton Muslim Girls' School||100%||533.1|
|Bolton School (Girls' Division)||98%||546.7|
|Canon Slade C of E School||93%||508.5|
|Lord's Independent School||93%||401.5|
|St Joseph's RC High School||85%||426.6|
|Madrasatul Imam Muhammed Zakariya||79%||347.3|
|Al Jamiah Al Islamiyyah at Mount St Joseph's Convent||79%||327.9|
|Ladybridge High School||78%||437.6|
|Westhoughton High School||67%||424.0|
|Rivington and Blackrod High School||69%||456.7|
|Little Lever School||61%||442.7|
|Mount St Joseph Business & Enterprise College||61%||422.7|
|Harper Green School||59%||384.7|
|George Tomlinson School||55%||307.4|
|Bolton School (Boys' Division)||52%||240.4|
|Average for Metropolitan Borough of Bolton||71.4%||422.5|
|Average for England||70.0%||413.5|
- The table on the left shows the percentage of students gaining five A* to C grades, including English and Maths, for secondary schools in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton.
- The table on the right shows the Average Total Point Score per Student for secondary schools in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton.
- Schools highlighted in yellow are above the LEA average; those highlighted in orange are below the average.
- Another secondary school, Bolton Muslim Girls' School, has opened since January 2007; no results are available.
- Source: Department for Children, Schools and Families
Leaders of Bolton Council
|Leaders of Bolton Metropolitan Borough Council|
|No.||Leader||Period of office||Political party||Notes|
|1||John Hanscomb||1973–1980||Conservative||Chairman and Transitional Mayor of Bolton (1973–1974)
and ceremonial Mayor of Bolton (1982–1983)
|2||Robert Howarth||1980–2004||Labour||MP for Bolton East (1964–1970)|
|3||Barbara Ronson||2004–2006||Liberal Democrat||Mayor of Horwich (1996–1997) and Mayor of Bolton (2007–2008)|
|4||Clifford Morris||2006–present||Labour||Mayor of Bolton (2003–2004)|
The Metropolitan Borough of Bolton has two twin towns, one in France and another in Germany.
|Country||Place||County / District / Region / State||Originally twinned with||Date|
|France||Le Mans||Pays de la Loire||County Borough of Bolton||1973|
|Germany||Paderborn||Nordrhein-Westfalen||Metropolitan Borough of Bolton||1975|
|The local government districts which surround the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton|
Borough of Chorley
Borough of Blackburn with Darwen
|North-East and East:
Metropolitan Borough of Bury
Metropolitan Borough of Bolton
Metropolitan Borough of Wigan
City of Salford
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bolton.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bolton.|
- "It’s still worth trying again for city status". theboltonnews.co.uk. 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- 2009 Mid Year Estimates – Table 9 ONS, retrieved 2010-09-09
- "Bolton District: total population". Vision of Britain. Retrieved on 20 December 2008.
- "LEA SATs performance". London: BBC Online. 2007-12-06. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- "How different LEAs performed". London: BBC Online. 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2008-01-23.
- "Secondary schools in Bolton". London: BBC Online. 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- "Secondary schools in Bolton: GCSE-level". London: BBC Online. 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- "The University of Bolton". Times Online: Good University Guide website. London: Times Online (Times Newspapers Ltd). 2007-08-15. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- "University of Bolton". The Sunday Times University Guide website. London: The Sunday Times (Times Newspapers Ltd). 2007-09-23. Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- Bolton Council : Town Twinning retrieved 8 January 2010