Metropolitan Borough of Fulham
Fulham Town Hall
Fulham within the County of London
|• Succeeded by||London Borough of Hammersmith|
|Government||Fulham Borough Council|
|• HQ||Fulham Broadway|
|• Motto||Pro Civibus et Civitate (For the citizens and the city)|
Coat of arms of the borough council
The Metropolitan Borough of Fulham was a Metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1900 and 1965, when it was merged with the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith to form the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. It was a riverside borough, and included the areas of Fulham, West Kensington, Walham Green, Parsons Green and Sands End. The SW6 postal district approximately follows the old Fulham parish.
Coat of arms
When the metropolitan borough was formed it carried on using the unofficial arms adopted by its predecessor, Fulham vestry in 1886. This was a quartered shield, with a depiction of a bridge in the first and fourth quarters. The bridge in the first quarter was the original wooden Putney Bridge, opened in 1729 with its toll houses. Its replacement, the present Putney Bridge, constructed of stone, was shown in the fourth quarter. The new bridge was opened in 1886, when the arms were designed. The second quarter showed crossed swords, from the arms of the Bishop of London. The manor of Fulham was held by the bishop from 691, and his official residence, Fulham Palace, was built in the area. The third quarter was the arms then associated with the county of Middlesex, in which Fulham lay until 1889. The three seaxes on a red field was also regarded as the arms of Essex.
In 1927 councillor F. H. Barber, proprietor of Barber's Department Store in the borough, offered to pay the costs of a grant of arms and new civic regalia. Accordingly, an official grant was obtained from the College of Arms on 12 October of that year, blazoned as follows:
- Barry wavy of ten, Argent and azure, on a Saltire gules, two swords in Saltire points upwards of the first enfiled of a Mitre Or, and for the Crest upon a Mural Crown of Seven turrets Or and Ancient Rowing Ship in full sail Sable, the Flags per fesse Argent and Azure charged on the sail with a Rose Gules, surmounted by a Rose Argent barbed Vert and seeded proper.
The crest rose from a gold mural crown, resembling a city wall, and thus municipal government. The crest itself was a black ship, recalling an expedition to Fulham by the Danes in 879. The main sail was charged with a Tudor rose, recalling the importance of the area in that era, when Fulham Palace was rebuilt.
The waves from the shield, the two swords, the mitre and most of the crest was brought to the coat of arms of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham when Fulham and Hammersmith merged to form a new London borough in 1965.
Population and area
Over its existence the borough's area varied from 1,704 to 1,707 acres (6.9 km2). The population, as recorded at the census, was:
Fulham Vestry 1801-1899
Metropolitan Borough 1900–1961
The borough was administered from Fulham Town Hall, on Fulham Broadway, in Walham Green. The hall had been built in 1888 – 1890 for the Fulham vestry, and was in the classical renaissance style. When the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham was formed, Hammersmith Town Hall was adopted as the administrative centre. Some offices remain at Fulham however, and contains a registry office. The grand hall is a popular venue for concerts and dances. The london borough council also makes the building available for filming purposes.
In 1894 as its population had increased the newly incorporated vestry was re-divided into eight wards (electing vestrymen): Baron's Court (12), Margravine (9), Munster (9), Lillie (12), Walham (12), Town (6), Hurlingham (3) and Sands End (9).
For elections to Parliament, the borough was represented by one constituency:
In 1918 the borough's representation was increased to two seats:
In 1955 the borough's representation was reduced to one and a half seats, when part of it was merged with Hammersmith:
- Crosley, Richard, London's Coats of Arms, 1928
- Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV)
- Fulham MetB: Census Tables at Vision of Britain Retrieved 14 December 2006
- The census was suspended for World War II
- Images of Fulham Town Hall from Hammersmith and Fulham council's website
- The London Gazette Issue: 25299. 25 December 1883. p. 6644. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- The London Gazette Issue: 25323. 29 February 1884. p. 1022. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- The London Gazette Issue: 26526. 26 June 1894. pp. 3665–3667. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- Post Office London County Suburbs Directory, 1919. 1919. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- Ordnance Survey 'County Series 3rd Edition' Map of London (1912-14) at 1:2500 scale. Accessed at https://www.old-maps.co.uk/
- Robert Donald, ed. (1907). "London: Fulham". Municipal Year Book of the United Kingdom for 1907. London: Edward Lloyd.