Metropolitan Borough of Sefton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the settlement, see Sefton, Merseyside.
This article is about the local government district. For other uses, see Sefton.
Borough of Sefton
Metropolitan borough
Southport Town Hall
Southport Town Hall
Sefton shown within Merseyside and England
Sefton shown within Merseyside and England
Coordinates: 53°26′42″N 2°59′53″W / 53.445°N 2.998°W / 53.445; -2.998
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county Merseyside
Historic county Lancashire
Founded 1 April 1974
Admin. HQ Bootle and Southport
Government
 • Type Metropolitan Borough
 • Governing body Sefton Council
 • Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
 • Executive: Labour Party
 • Leader of the Council Cllr Peter Dowd
Labour Party
 • MPs: Joe Benton, Labour
Bill Esterson, Labour
John Pugh, Liberal Democrat
Area
 • Total 59.1 sq mi (153.1 km2)
Area rank 186th
Population (mid-2014 est.)
 • Total 273,790
 • Rank Ranked 47th
 • Density 4,600/sq mi (1,800/km2)
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Postcode L, PR
ONS code 00CA (ONS)
E08000014 (GSS)
Ethnicity 98.4% White
Website http://www.sefton.gov.uk/

The Borough of Sefton is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, England and its local authority is Sefton Council. Sefton was formed by the Local Government Act 1972 on 1 April 1974, by the amalgamation of the former county boroughs of Bootle and Southport, and, from the administrative county of Lancashire, the municipal borough of Crosby, the urban districts of Formby and Litherland, and part of the Rural District of West Lancashire. It also formed part of the new county of Merseyside. The borough consists of a coastal strip of land on the Irish Sea, and extends from Bootle in the south, to Southport in the north. In the south-east, it extends inland to Maghull. The district is bounded by Liverpool to the south, Knowsley to the south-east, and West Lancashire to the east.

It is named after the village and parish of Sefton, near Maghull, that had formerly served as the seat of the Molyneux family and the watermill located there served as inspiration for Sefton Council's Crest. When the borough was created in the Local Government Act 1972 a name was sought that would not unduly identify the borough with any of its constituent parts, particularly the former county boroughs of Bootle and Southport. The locality had strong links with both the Earl of Sefton and the Earl of Derby, resident of Knowsley Hall, and given the fact that the immediately adjacent borough was subsequently named Knowsley it seems equally likely that the choice of name was derived from the names of the local nobility. A Sefton Rural District covering some of the villages in the district had existed from 1894 to 1932.

Politics[edit]

Liverpool City Region Combined Authority[edit]

The Metropolitan Borough of Sefton is one of the six constituent local government districts of the Liverpool City Region. Since 1 April 2014, some of the borough's responsibilities have been pooled with neighbouring authorities within the metropolitan area and subsumed into the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.

The combined authority has effectively become the top-tier administrative body for the local governance of the city region and the leader of Sefton Council, along with the five other leaders from neighbouring local government districts, take strategic decisions over economic development, transport, employment and skills, tourism, culture, housing and physical infrastructure.

As of July 2015, negotiations are currently taking place between the UK national government and the combined authority over a possible devolution deal to confer greater powers on the region. Discussions include whether to introduce an elected ‘Metro Mayor’ to oversee the entire metropolitan area.[1]

Historic Controversy[edit]

The existence of Sefton has been an ongoing local controversy, especially in Southport, where local Members of Parliament and councillors have campaigned for separation from Bootle and the possible inclusion of the town as a district in the non-metropolitan county of Lancashire.[2] It was highlighted after the 2012 local government election that different regions in Sefton had vastly different socio-economic backgrounds and needs. The high levels of poverty seen around the Bootle area and central Southport[3] contrast sharply with the affluence of central Sefton, including Crosby, Maghull and Formby, areas that have some of the highest average house prices in Merseyside.

Sefton Council Composition[edit]

The council consists of 66 councillors, three for each of the borough's 22 wards:

The council is composed of 42 Labour councillors, 16 Liberal Democrats, 7 Conservatives and one Independent.[4]

Economy[edit]

The borough has a strong income from tourism, most of whom visit the Aintree Grand National, the most valuable horse race in Europe, Anthony Gormley's Another Place at Crosby Beach and Southport. Birkdale is also home to the Royal Birkdale Golf Club which has played host to the Open Championship, Ryder Cup, Walker Cup and Curtis Cup.

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Sefton at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[1] Agriculture[2] Industry[3] Services[4]
1995 2,079 20 496 1,563
2000 2,500 8 468 2,024
2003 2,994 10 418 2,566

^ includes hunting and forestry ^ includes energy and construction ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding

Towns and villages in Sefton[edit]

Parliamentary constituencies[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liam Murphy (22 July 2015). "Liverpool city region to decide on devolution demands by end of summer". Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Final Recommendations on the Future Local Government of Sefton, Local Government Commission for England, November 1997
  3. ^ http://www.investsefton.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Sefton-LEA-Main-Report-11-May-2011-_final_.pdf
  4. ^ Sefton's Political Composition, Sefton Council Website
  5. ^ "Gdańsk Official Website: 'Miasta partnerskie'" (in Polish and English). © 2009 Urząd Miejski w Gdańsku. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 

External links[edit]