Metropolitan Correctional Center, Chicago
|Security class||Metropolitan Correctional Center|
|Managed by||Federal Bureau of Prisons|
The Metropolitan Correctional Center, Chicago (MCC Chicago) is a United States federal prison in Chicago, Illinois, which holds male and female prisoners of all security levels prior to and during court proceedings in the Northern District of Illinois, as well as inmates serving brief sentences. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice.
History and design
MCC Chicago was designed by architect Harry Weese. Construction began in 1971 and the facility opened in 1975. The building is a right triangle shape, extrudes 28 stories, and has a rooftop exercise yard. The irregularly-spaced windows on each wall are reminiscent of old computer punchcards.
Several features make MCC Chicago's design unique from other federal prison facilities. Weese designed each cell with a floor-to-ceiling slit window, 7 feet (2.1 m) long by 5 inches (130 mm) wide, narrow enough not to require bars, and beveled out to allow natural light to pass inside. The cells were originally designed to feel as comfortable as possible, based on sailboat cabins, with built-in hardwood beds and desks. Most of these features have since been removed.
An exercise yard is available for inmates, located on the roof of the building. This rooftop yard is enclosed by 30-foot (9.1 m) tall concrete walls with fenced openings. A recreation center in the basement provides fitness equipment on a regular schedule, along with a selection of board games. The leisure and law libraries are housed on the ninth floor along with classrooms and offices. There is a security housing unit (SHU) for male prisoners, while female prisoners needing to be isolated, as of 2005, have been taken to the Cook County Jail.
As of 2005[update] women prisoners may visit the exercise room and law library once per week. The prison only allows male inmates, not females, to have prison jobs such as working in the prison kitchen. Piper Kerman, the author of Orange is the New Black wrote that circa 2005 the institution was not responsive to the demands of the prisoners, who were in "misery", and that the prison guards, who were "often pleasant, if unprofessional", were unable to make meaningful change.
- Alfredo Vasquez-Hernandez and Tomas Arevalo-Renteria, currently awaiting trial, are high-ranking members of the Sinaloa Cartel, a multibillion-dollar drug trafficking organization based in Mexico; extradited and indicted in 2012 on charges that they supplied Chicago with 2000 kilograms of cocaine per month, valued at over $1 billion.
- Kevin Trudeau, sentenced to 10 years on March 17, 2014, is an author, radio personality, infomercial host, and salesman. Trudeau was convicted in 2013 of criminal contempt for violating a 2004 federal court order that prohibited him from making deceptive television infomercials that misrepresented the contents of his weight loss cure book.
- Thomas Zajac, sentenced to 35 years on April 14, 2011. Zajac was convicted in 2010 of using a destructive device and other charges for detonating a homemade pipe bomb at the Salt Lake City Public Library in Utah on September 15, 2006 in retaliation against Salt Lake City police for arresting his son.
- Piper Kerman, author of Orange Is the New Black: My Year in a Women's Prison, served the last months of her prison sentence here.
- George Cottrell, British politician, arrested at O'Hare International Airport by the IRS Criminal Investigation Division in 2016.
- Nikesh A. Patel, Orlando, Florida-based businessman, who orchestrated the sale of 26 fraudulent loans totaling over $179 million, resulting in substantial losses to pension fund holders. Patel is serving 25 years in Federal custody.
- Kent Sorenson, State Senator and Political Consultant sentenced to 15 months for federal campaign violations in regards to work performed on Ron Paul's Presidential campaign.
- R. Kelly, Singer and songwriter held without bail pending trial for accusations of child sexual exploitation.
- Joseph Konopka, American terrorist.
In 1985, convicted murderers Bernard Welch and Hugh Colomb assembled the materials necessary to break open a window hole and gain egress from the MCC, escaping down a piecework rope to street level. They were eventually recaptured after a months-long nationwide manhunt.
2009 escape plot
In October 2009, Matthew Nolan (28750-045), brother of film director Christopher Nolan, assembled bedsheets and other materials for a foiled window escape plan that was later called "impossible" by the judge who sentenced Nolan to 14 months for the attempt. Nolan was being held at the MCC awaiting extradition to Costa Rica on a passport charge (his charges having been reduced from earlier capital offenses) at the time of the foiled plot.
Vicente Zambada-Niebla lawsuit
In February 2010, Sinaloa Cartel leader Vicente Zambada-Niebla was apprehended by Mexican police and extradited to Chicago to face trial. Considered a high security risk, he was placed in solitary confinement. Based on intelligence that allies of Zambada-Niebla were planning a helicopter escape, Zambada-Niebla was not allowed access to the rooftop exercise yard. Bureau of Prisons officials cited the fact that the Sinaloa Cartel has unlimited resources and has succeeded in both escapes and assassinations in the past. Zambada-Niebla sued the Bureau of Prisons in 2011 claiming that his being denied exercise constituted cruel and unusual punishment. In September 2011, US District Judge Ruben Castillo ruled that since Zambada-Niebla had not been convicted, placing him in solitary confinement was unwarranted. In order to comply with the ruling and alleviate security concerns, the Bureau of Prisons transferred Zambada-Niebla to the Federal Correctional Institution, Milan, a medium-security facility in Michigan which has a ground-level exercise area.
In the early morning hours of December 18, 2012, two convicted bank robbers, Kenneth Conley (28560-298) and Joseph "Jose" Banks (22652-424), escaped the secure facility. Conley and Banks were being housed in the MCC while awaiting sentencing on their bank robbery convictions, crimes which were unrelated beyond the pair being cellmates at the MCC. The escape by Banks and Conley was the first from any secure federal correctional facility since April 2006, when convicted murderer Richard Lee McNair escaped from the U.S. Penitentiary, Pollock, Louisiana. The pair ostensibly fashioned a rope from bedsheets or fabric scraps, and exited their 17th-floor cell through a hole created at the bottom of a narrow window slot, rappelling down the side of the MCC to the street below.
Their escape and the gaping hole in the prison wall apparently went unnoticed during routine overnight bed checks, and was only discovered when arriving jail workers spotted the rope dangling down the side of the MCC at about 7:00 am. The inmates had obtained and concealed large numbers of bedsheets, fake iron window bars used to mimic the real bars they removed and hid, passable street clothing, and bulky materials used to fool guards into believing they were asleep in bed. It is unclear what tools were used to create the hole in the wall necessary for the escape, and if these had been hidden in the cell for an extended period of time.
Conley and Banks were subsequently recorded on a nearby video security system as they entered a cab at the corner of Congress Parkway and Michigan Avenue at about 2:40 am. In the video, they were wearing some form of light-colored plain clothes, and not their bright-orange, prison-issue jumpsuits. The identity of the cab driver and cab company, as well as how the convicts paid the cab fare, remained unclear.
On December 20, 2012, Banks was recaptured by FBI agents and the Chicago police in the 2300 block of North Bosworth Avenue. On January 3, 2013, Conley was apprehended in Palos Hills, Illinois. Conley and Banks are currently incarcerated at Florence ADX, the supermax facility in Colorado which holds the most dangerous inmates in the federal system, as well as inmates who constitute a high escape risk. Their release dates are in 2032 and 2040. Banks filed a $10 million lawsuit in 2014 for negligence for allowing him to escape. The lawsuit was dismissed by the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals.
- "Bureau of Prisons Weekly Population Report". Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- "MCC Chicago". Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Baldwin, Ian (May 2011). "The Architecture of Harry Weese". Places Journal.
- The MCC: Chicago’s Jailhouse Skyscraper (Episode 26), 99% Invisible, 20 May 2011
- "Metropolitan Correctional Center, Chicago | 117135 | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
- "MCC Chicago Inmate Admission and Orientation Handbook" (PDF). July 3, 2013.
- Kerman, Piper. Orange is the New Black (Chapter 18: It Can Always Get Worse). 2010; ISBN 978-0-385-53026-2 (Location 4394).
- Kerman, Piper. Orange is the New Black. 2010; ISBN 978-0-385-53026-2. Location 4467 (Chapter 18: It Can Always Get Worse).
- Kerman, Piper. Orange is the New Black (Chapter 18: It Can Always Get Worse). 2010; ISBN 978-0-385-53026-2 (Location 4347).
- Kerman, Piper. Orange is the New Black (Chapter 18: It Can Always Get Worse). 2010; ISBN 978-0-385-53026-2 (Location 4372).
- "Reputed Drug Kingpin Has New Home: Chicago Federal Lockup". CBS News. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Associated Press (March 18, 2014). "TV pitchman Kevin Trudeau sentenced to 10 years in federal prison for bilking customers". Fox News. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- "Weight-Loss Infomercial Pitchman Kevin Trudeau Sentenced to 10 Years in Prison for Criminal Contempt". Federal Bureau of Investigation. March 17, 2014. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- Associated Press (September 23, 2010). "Federal lprosecutors say 2006 Salt Lake City library blast was Illinois man's revenge". Fox News.
- Foy, Paul (October 4, 2010). "Utah jury convicts Ill. man for library explosion". Washington Post. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
- "Zajac Sentenced to 35 Years in Federal Prison in Connection with Explosion at Salt Lake Library". Federal Bureau of Investigation. April 14, 2011. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
- Puente, Maria (July 16, 2019). "R. Kelly denied bond at hearing on sex-crime indictments, will stay in jail". USA Today. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- Donlon, Joe. "WGN Investigates Dr. Chaos — a 4-part podcast and TV series 'Chasing Chaos'". wgntv.com. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
- Babwin, Don (December 20, 2012). "Chicago jail escape resembles 1985 breakout". Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Burnette II, Daarel (July 7, 2010). "Nolan sentenced for escape attempt". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Goudie, Chuck. "Judge's ruling raises security concerns at MCC". ABC News. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Goudie, Chuck. "Mexican druglord unhappy with move from Chicago". ABC News. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Schmadeke, Steve (October 10, 2011). "Strip club worker held in Homewood bank robbery". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- "Federal Arrest Warrants Issued for Chicago Jail Escapees". NBC News. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- "Prosecutors get protection after escape". United Press International. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- "One Of Two Escaped Bank Robbers Captured; Second Still On The Run". CBS News. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Sweeney, Annie (December 19, 2012). "Manhunt widens for escaped bank robbers". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Babwin, Don (December 20, 2012). "Chicago Prison Escape Reminiscent Of 1985 Breakout, Manhunt Continues". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Sweeney, Annie (January 4, 2013). "Escapee's mother: 'I'm just glad it's over'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Main, Frank (January 4, 2013). "Second bank robber escapee arrested in Palos Hills". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Meisner, Jason (October 22, 2014). "'Transformed' jail escapee pleads for leniency, gets 36 years". Tribune Publishing. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Meisner, Jason (February 24, 2014). "Jail escapee tells judge to 'stick it' at sentencing". The Tribune Company. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Court tosses $10m suit", chicago.cbslocal.com, September 25, 2015.
- Waldheim, Charles; Ray, Katerina Ruedi, "Chicago Architecture: histories, revisions, alternatives", Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2005; ISBN 0-226-87038-3, Cf. p. 285
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Metropolitan Correctional Center, Chicago.|
- MCC Chicago at the Federal Bureau of Prisons website