Daniel (Nushiro)

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Archbishop of Tokyo
Installed May 14, 2000
Predecessor Metropolitan Theodosius (Nagashima)
Successor Incumbent
Other posts Locum tenens of the Western Japanese Diocese as of 2001.
Ordination 1972
Consecration November 14, 1999[1]
Personal details
Birth name Jude Nushiro
Born (1938-09-05) 5 September 1938 (age 79)
Toyohashi, Aichi
Nationality Japanese
Denomination Eastern Orthodox
Spouse Deceased
Alma mater Saint Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary, Aichi University

Metropolitan Daniel (Nushiro) of All Japan (主代郁夫, Ikuo Nushiro, born September 5, 1938[2]) is a Japanese clergyman and monk of the Japanese Orthodox Church. He has been the primate of the Japanese Orthodox Church since 2000,[3] by virtue of the office of the Archbishop of Tokyo. He is thus the spiritual leader of almost 30,000 Japanese Orthodox Christians.

Early life[edit]

Metropolitan Daniel was born into a Japanese Orthodox family in Toyohashi, Aichi, and was baptized as Jude. After he graduated with a degree in French literature from Aichi University in 1962, he studied theology at Tokyo Orthodox Seminary until 1965. He went to Saint Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary in Crestwood, New York. In 1968 he finished his study at Saint Vladimir 1968 and was ordained to the diaconate.

Upon his return to Japan, he served as a deacon at Tokyo Resurrection Cathedral from November 1970 till 1972. In 1972 he was ordained a priest and served in Toyohashi, until 1999.

Appointment to the primacy[edit]

In 1999 his predecessor, Metropolitan Theodosius (Nagashima) of Japan died, and the Japanese Orthodox Church decided to elect three bishops and Jude Nushiro was considered as a good candidate for bishopric, as his wife had predeceased him. On August 20, 1999, he received his monastic tonsure and became known as monk Daniel, and was consecrated a bishop on November 14, 1999.[1] The Japanese Orthodox Church had planned to enthrone Bishop Peter (Arihara) of Yokohama as successor to the late Metropolitan Theodosius, and appoint Daniel to the Bishopric of Kyoto, but the sudden death of Peter in this year changed their plan entirely. Daniel was then considered the successor of Theodore, and elevated to the rank of archbishop and metropolitan. On May 14, 2000, Daniel was enthroned to the Archbishop of Tokyo and Metropolitan of All Japan, consecrated by Patriarch Alexy II of Russia who visited Japan for his enthronement and other bishops.

Spiritual leadership[edit]

Daniel is a prolific writer and insightful preacher with humor and plain wording. He issues tracts both focusing on daily reading and theological issues and the latter type of his writing is published as brochures for the education of the faithful. In his leadership a male monastery was founded in Tokyo in 2005, near to the Resurrection Cathedral.

He gained some popularity in the Russian internet in January 2009, before the election of the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. A group of laity started a website, where all users could vote for the future Patriarch. As a result, Daniel, "only bishop not directly related to the former USSR",[4] took the first place ahead of Kirill.[5] The administration of the website zapatriarha.ru then zeroed votes for Daniel and excluded him from a list of candidates, explaining his high ratings as the result of a "hacker attack". Such actions caused Internet voters to accuse the website creators of promoting Kirill.[4]


  1. ^ a b "Biography of Met. Daniel" (in Japanese). Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  2. ^ 生年 生地(出身) (in Japanese). The Orthodox Church in Japan. Retrieved 2009-01-14. 
  3. ^ Даниил митрополит Токийский и всей Японии (Нуширо Икио) (in Russian). Patriarchia.ru. Retrieved 24 April 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Sannikova, Anna. "Runet chooses the Patriarch" (in Russian). Infox.ru. Retrieved 24 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Archbishop of Tokyo leads in an informal online referendum "For the patriarch"" (in Russian). Lenta.ru. Retrieved 24 April 2010.