Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
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|Formed||7 November 1975|
|Superseding agency||Development of Metro Manila|
|Headquarters||EDSA cor. Orense St., Guadalupe, Makati City|
|Annual budget||P1.48 billion (2013)|
|Agency executive||Francis Tolentino, Chairman|
|Parent agency||Office of the President|
The MMDA performs planning, monitoring and coordinative functions, and in the process exercise regulatory and supervisory authority over the delivery of metro-wide services within Metro Manila without diminution of the autonomy of the local government units concerning purely local matters.
The agency is headed by a Chairman, who is appointed by the President and continues to hold office at the discretion of the appointing authority. He is vested with the rank, rights, privileges, disqualifications, and prohibitions of a cabinet member.
- February 27, 1975. President Ferdinand Marcos issued Presidential Decree 824 creating the Metropolitan Manila Commission (MMC). It integrates the Philippine capital Manila and adjacent Quezon City with 2 cities and 12 municipalities of the province of Rizal and 1 municipality of the province of Bulacan. Marcos appointed his wife, First Lady Imelda Marcos, as Governor and Ismael Mathay, Jr. as Vice-Governor. The office was located in front of the present-day GMA Network at EDSA corner Timog Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City.
- January 9, 1990. President Corazón C. Aquino issued Executive Order No. 392, in accordance to Article 18, Section 8 of the c1987 Philippine Constitution, creating Metropolitan Manila Authority (MMA). The Metro Manila mayors will choose from themselves as chairman. Jejomar Binay of the municipality of Makati served as its first chairman. The agency transferred to its present office at Guadalupe, Makati. Binay was followed by Ignacio Bunye of municipality of Muntinlupa in 1991, Ismael Mathay, Jr. of Quezon City in 1992 then Prospero Oreta of the municipality of Malabon in 1994.
- March 1, 1995. Since the elected chairman is one of the mayors of Metro Manila, the role to his constituency gave less attention. Thus, the Congress of the Philippines, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives, passed Republic Act No. 7924 creating the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA).
- May 1995. Prospero Oreta did not run in the Malabon municipal election. President Fidel V. Ramos appointed him as the first Chairman of the MMDA and made him independent of the Metro Manila mayors.
- June 1998. Jejomar Binay was prohibited by law from running for his fourth consecutive term as mayor of Makati. President Joseph E. Estrada appointed him as the second Chairman of the MMDA.
|#||Name||From||Year of Service|
|4||Ismael A. Mathay, Jr.||Quezon City||1992–1994|
|6||Jejomar Binay - (2nd Term)||Makati||1998–2001|
|9||Oscar Inocentes||Quezon City||2009–2010|
The Metro Manila Council
The governing board and policy making body of the MMDA is the Metro Manila Council, composed of the mayors of the cities and municipalities.
The heads of the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC), Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Department of Tourism (DOT), Department of Budget and Management (DBM), Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Committee (HUDCC), and Philippine National Police (PNP) or their duty authorized representatives, attend meetings of the council as non-voting members.
Functions of the Metro Manila Council
The Council is the policy-making body of the MMDA.
- It approves metro-wide plans, programs and projects and issue rules and regulations and resolutions deemed necessary by the MMDA.
- It may increase the rate of the allowances and per diems of the members of the Council to be effective during the term of the succeeding Council. It fixes the compensation of the officers and personnel of the MMDA, and approve the annual budget thereof for submission to the Department of Budget and Management (DBM).
- It promulgates rules and regulations and set policies and standards for metro-wide application governing the delivery of basic services, prescribe and collect service and regulatory fees, and impose and collect fines and penalties.
Members of the Metro Manila Council (2013-2016)
- Oscar Gonzales Malapitan Mayor, City of Caloocan
- Vergel Aguilar, Mayor, City of Las Piñas
- Jejomar Erwin Sombillo Binay Jr., Mayor, City of Makati
- Antolin Oreta III, Mayor, City of Malabon
- Benjamin Abalos, Jr., Mayor, City of Mandaluyong
- Joseph Ejercito Estrada, Mayor, City of Manila
- Del Reyes De Guzman, Mayor, City of Marikina
- Jaime Dela Rosa Fresnedi, Mayor, City of Muntinlupa
- John Reynald Tiangco, Mayor, City of Navotas
- Edwin De Leon Olivarez, Mayor, City of Parañaque
- Antonino Calixto, Mayor, City of Pasay
- Maribel Andaya Eusebio, Mayor, City of Pasig
- Jaime Cruz Medina, Mayor, Municipality of Pateros
- Herbert Bautista, Mayor, Quezon City
- Guia Guanzon Gomez, Mayor, City of San Juan
- Maria Laarni Cayetano, Mayor, City of Taguig
- Rexlon Ting Gatchalian, Mayor, City of Valenzuela
The Gwapotel along Roxas Boulevard is renamed the MMDA Workers Inn, and is in operation. The Abad Santos Gwapotel has since been converted into their training barracks.
MMDA had TV and radio stations sometimes carrying the same brand, MMDA Teleradyo. They ceased on August 17, 2010.
- MMDA Traffic Radio 1206 - Traffic updates can be heard on this station. It was started as a test broadcast on September 24, 2007.
- MMDA TV - Traffic updates are Live Feed by Monitoring Cameras Along the streets of Metro Manila with simulcast over MMDA Traffic Radio 1206. It was started as a test broadcast on August 20, 2008.
To compensate for the closure of these communication mediums, the MMDA turned to social media such as Twitter to broadcast traffic updates to users following them. Live billboards, particularly at EDSA, have been also constructed. The MMDA app for iOS and Android have also been made available for free, broadcasting traffic updates directly.
In the past, such practices were justified by rhetoric that street children need to be 'rescued' from the street. Advocacy groups contend that in seeking to create a beautiful metropolis, the MMDA often treat Metro Manila's urban poor like 'rubbish' on the street.
A report from PREDA that was funded by UNICEF, claims inhumane proceedings to caught vagrants.
- Department of Transportation and Communications
- Department of Public Works and Highways
- Department of Tourism
- Metro Manila
- Inquirer.net, MMDA’s ‘Gwapotel’ a big hit with transients
- manilabulletin.com, Abandoned Tondo hospital to be turned into second ‘Gwapotel’
- http://www.bahaytuluyan.org/news/indiscriminate_rescue_of_street_children_in_the_city_of_manila_28_january_2008.pdf Sagip or Huli? The indiscriminant 'rescue' of Manila's street children
- Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
- Metropolitan Manila Development Authority on Twitter
- gmanews.tv, video, MMDA urges bus firms to install microchips - 21 January 2008
- Inquirer.net, Capsule beds are main feature in new Gwapotel