Metropolitan Transport Corporation (Chennai)
|Parent||Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation|
|Headquarters||Pallavan House, Anna Salai, Chennai|
|Service area||Chennai Metropolitan Area|
|Service type||Normal, Express, Deluxe, Air Conditioned Deluxe and Small Bus|
|Operator||Government of Tamil Nadu|
The Metropolitan Transport Corporation (formerly known as Pallavan Transport Corporation) sometimes known as the MTC, is the agency that operates the public bus service in Chennai, India. It has an operating area of 3,929 square kilometres (1,517 sq mi). Has the highest road related accidents and casualties in the country.
Metropolitan Transport Corporation (Chennai - Dn.I) Ltd was established on 1 January 1972 with a fleet strength of 1,029 buses. The operational jurisdiction is the Chennai Metropolitan area. It served 176 routes and had 8 depots, including those at T. Nagar, Adyar, and Vadapalani. Depots at Anna Nagar and K.K. Nagar were established in 1973. The Pallavan Transport Corporation was split into two and a new Corporation, namely, Dr. Ambedkar Transport Corporation Ltd. started functioning from 19 January 1994 for this split Poonamallee Depot were split buses covers Broadway via Koyambedu, Ambathur, and Redhills came under Dr. Ambedkar Transport Corporation Ltd and south-bounded bus broadway via Guindy, Tambaram, and T. Nagar came under Pallavan Transport Corporation. Pallavan Transport Corporation was renamed as Metropolitan Transport Corporation (Madras Division –1) Limited, Dr. Ambedkar Transport Corporation was renamed as Metropolitan Transport Corporation (Madras Division-II) Ltd., on 1 July 1997.
In order to make the Corporations viable, and for better administrative control, Metropolitan Transport Corporation (Madras Division II) was amalgamated with Metropolitan Transport Corporation (Madras Division I) Ltd on 10 January 2001. The fleet strength of the Corporation at 1 March 2009 was 3,260 with 25 depots, a body building unit at Chromepet, a ticket printing press at K.K.Nagar and Reconditioning Unit at Patullos Road. During the year 2002-2003, 117 buses have been purchased for replacement. After 2007, thousands of number of buses are purchased for new services as well as replacement for old buses.
As of 2012, the corporation operates 42,961 services daily in 800 routes. The driver strength at MTC is 5,000 as against a required driver strength of 5,800. Local thugs and rowdies are employed as drivers. Abuse and rash driving are a way of life for these people.
|Passenger/day||1.2 million||5.184 million|
|Revenue/day||₹ 200,000||₹ 30,034,000|
Per RTO rules, an MTC bus could accommodate a maximum of 83 passengers, including 48 sitting and 27 standing. However, buses carry over 160 passengers in some routes, especially during peak hours, with many travelling on the footboard of the bus resulting in several accidents.
Normal buses These buses in the MTC fleet were manufactured by Ashok Leyland and Tata Motors. These buses were launched in the 1990s and some continue to ply while the majority have been replaced in favor of newer buses.
Semi-Low floor buses The semi-low floored and deluxe buses have improved passenger amenities like improved lighting, plastic moulded seats and driver operated pneumatic, doors into its fleet. The first set of such buses from Ashok Leyland were introduced in February 2007. The newer range of these semi-low floor buses supplied under JnNURM are BS-III compliant and have LED displays.
Vestibule services MTC also runs articulated buses provided by Ashok Leyland in congested routes. The fares are similar to those of ordinary services. These buses have 2 conductors, plastic moulded seats and LED boards
Air-conditioned buses MTC runs Volvo B7RLE air conditioned buses on selected routes. There about 100 of these buses running on select routes at regular intervals.
Small buses MTC has launched small bus services to connect remote places of Chennai and its suburbs. These buses are provied by Tata.
|Year||No. of buses on road||No. of buses off road||Total|
The Metropolitan Transport Corporation has 46 depots, each with an average parking capacity of 200 buses.
The 46 depots of the Metropolitan Transport Corporation (as of 2016) are listed below:
|S. No.||Depot||Depot code||Old code||Region||Fleet strength||Scheduled services|
|12||Chromepet - I||CR||W||Chromepet||149||138|
|13||Chromepet - II||CW||Nil||Chromepet|
|31||Poonamallee||PM||V, Z||Anna Nagar||187||333|
|43||Tondiarpet - I||TD||A||Tondiarpet||140||130|
|44||Tondiarpet - II||TW||T||Tondiarpet||76||71|
As of 2012, MTC's advertisement revenue per month is ₹ 86 lakhs. About 2,000 of the MTC's 3,400 buses have been maintained by companies that advertise on the buses since December 2011, but the advertisement space was open for all to bid. In 2012, MTC decided to allow only those companies that take up the cleaning assignment. Still they will have to pay the market rate for the space, while they will get paid for the cleaning. As of 2012, the corporation pays ₹ 18 per bus per cleaner every day.
As of feb 22, 2016 The total revenue per day of all the buses is 2.75 cr 
The MTC buses have an occupancy ratio (average number of passengers to total seating capacity in a bus) of 84.35%. Each MTC bus can carry 72 people, including 24 standing passengers. The occupancy ratio in Chennai is amongst the highest for the 38 transport corporations in the country. 
Connectivity with MRTS and airport
The MTC services are not integrated with the Mass Rapid Transit System. Some of the MRTS stations are located away from bus stops which makes transfers difficult. Recently mini-buses have started to ply as a feeder to plug the gaps in connectivity. There are buses to various parts of the city from the airport and some air passengers and many airport employees, use the service. The bus stop is close to the international terminal.
The accident rate of MTC is high compared to similar metropolitan transport corporations in the country. In Chennai, 104 people died in 2012 in accidents involving MTC buses. The driver unions are blamed for violations going unpunished and continuing unabated. 
There have complaints about operator behavior on MTC buses and these have been effectively addressed by the administration by having special counseling and yoga sessions for the workers. The entrances to most buses have at least two steps. This poses difficulty for some passengers to alight or board the buses. Some of the bus stations are poorly maintained.
MTC officials are under pressure from councilors and MLAs to introduce new bus routes to or through their constituency even though such a move may not be the most profitable of options. "While this is not always bad as certain routes need to be run even if they are not profitable, MTC as an operator should cover its basics first and meet the demands along high-capacity routes," said an expert in the field of public transport.
- "About Us". Metropolitan Transport Corporation. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- Hemalatha, Karthikeyan (5 July 2013). "City Needs More Wheels". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- "சென்னையில் கூடுதலாக 16 புதிய பணிமனைகள்: அமைச்சர் செந்தில் பாலாஜி நேரில் ஆய்வு". Maalai Malar (in Tamil) (Chennai: Maalai Malar). 11 July 2012. Retrieved 11 Jul 2012.
- Narayanan, Vivek (14 July 2012). "Beware, bus drivers on the edge". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 14 Jul 2012.
- Philip, Christin Mathew (29 February 2016). "Buses disemboweled, Left to Rust". The Times of India (e-paper) (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 29 Feb 2016.
- "MTC buses to get LCD monitors". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). 10 August 2012. Retrieved 12 Aug 2012.
- Hemalatha, Karthikeyan (6 November 2012). "MTC plans to barter ad space for cleaning buses". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). Retrieved 22 Feb 2016.
- Karthikeyan Hemalatha (23 February 2013). "Chennai buses burst at seams". The Times of India, Chennai. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Karthikeyan Hemalatha (16 October 2013). "HARD RIDE FOR AGED IN CITY". The Times of India, Chennai. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Sreevatsan, Ajai (16 August 2011). "MRTS lessons worth learning". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- Liffy Thomas and T.Madhavan (5 October 2013). "Train stations, a road too far". The Hindu, Chennai. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- G Ananthakrishnan (23 Sep 2013). "Not all together here". The Hindu,Chennai. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- Sunitha Sekar (3 June 2013). "For passengers, it’s a long walk from airport to bus stop". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Karthikeyan Hemalatha (30 November 2013). "No stopping MTC killing spree". The Times of India, Chennai. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- Karthikeyan Hemalatha (2 July 2012). "Despite fewer buses, MTC’s death rate overtakes other fleets". The Times of India, Chennai.
- "Driver of bus that fell off Anna flyover dismissed by MTC". The Times of India (Chennai: The Times Group). 25 October 2012. Retrieved 25 Oct 2012.
- Jebakumar, R. Prince (29 July 2013). "MTC buses kill over a 100 every year". The New Indian Express (Chennai: Express Publications).
- N Vinoth Kumar (1 August 2013). "Stressed into breaking the rules, say MTC drivers". The New Indian Express, Chennai. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Karthikeyan Hemalatha (12 December 2012). "Crowded buses kill as MTC uses few in fleet". The Times of India, Chennai. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- MTC drivers: a law unto themselves? (30 July 2013). "MTC drivers: a law unto themselves?". The New Indian Express, Chennai. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Christin Mathew Philip (18 Oct 2013). "Drivers rude, MTC officials admit after 2,000 complaints". The Times of India, Chennai. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- Rajagopalan Venkataraman (31 July 2013). "Bus-stop, an oxymoron for MTC drivers?". The New Indian Express, Chennai. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
- M Ramya & Karthikeyan Hemalatha (12 Dec 2012). "The Hanging danger". The Times of India, Chennai. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- Adarsh Jain (22 December 2013). "Broadway MTC terminus now a stinking problem". The Times of India, Chennai. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
- , Times Of India
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