Metropolitan areas in Romania

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There are 10 metropolitan areas in Romania that have been constituted as of 2013.

Legislative status[edit]

The current legislation in Romania regulates the status of the 265 cities according to their population and regional importance:

  • Rank 0 – Bucharest, the capital of Romania – municipality of European importance
  • Rank I – municipality of national importance, with regional role and potential influence at European level
  • Rank II – municipality of national, regional or county-level importance, or with equilibrium role in the network of cities
  • Rank III – cities

Legislation also restricts the possibility to engage into a metropolitan area project to only those cities that are of rank 0 or I.[1] Here is a list of the municipalities that as of 2007 can for metropolitan areas around them with approximate populations.[2] Only three zones have been officially constituted by the end of 2007: Oradea, Iasi and Constanta.[3] At least 9 others are at the level of project.

Constituted metropolitan zones[edit]

Map of the metropolitan areas of Romania (including the proposed ones)
  Main city
  Adjacent localities
Constituted metropolitan areas in Romania
Name Population (2011[4]) Area Density Established Notes
Constanța Metropolitan Area 425,916 1,013.5 km² 420/km² December 2007 [5][6]
Cluj-Napoca Metropolitan Area 411,379 1,537.54 km² 268/km² 2008 [7] (since)[8]
Iași Metropolitan Area 382,484 832 km² 473/km² 8 April 2004 [9]
Brașov Metropolitan Area 369,896 1,368.58 km² 270/km² 2007 includes Codlea, Săcele, Ghimbav, Predeal, and Râşnov[10]
Craiova Metropolitan Area 356,544 1498.62 km² 238/km² 11 February 2009 [11]
Oradea Metropolitan Area 235,462 773 km² 305/km² 9 May 2005 [12]
Satu Mare Metropolitan Area 233,306 2,251.09 km² 104/km² 2013 includes 3 cities and 22 communes
Baia Mare Metropolitan Area 215,932 1,395.38 km² 154/km² 2006 19 localities
Târgu Mureș metropolitan area 209,532 656.29 km² 315/km² 2005 [13]
Piatra Neamț Metropolitan Area[14] 133,249 2013 2 cities and 7 communes[15]

Planned metropolitan zones[edit]

Name Population (2011) Area Density
Bucharest Metropolitan Area 2,272,163 1,811 km² 1,254/km²
Galați-Brăila Metropolitan Area 496,844 1,702.17 km² 292/km²
Timișoara Metropolitan Area* 468,162 2,439.19 km² 192/km²
Ploiești Metropolitan Area 276,279 478 km² 577/km²
Bacău Metropolitan Area 216,649 848.32 km² 255/km²
Pitești Metropolitan Area[14] 215,700
Arad Metropolitan Area[14]* 206,536
Botoșani Metropolitan Area[14]** 145,961
Suceava Metropolitan Area[14]** 143,713
Râmnicu Vâlcea Metropolitan Area[14] 136,787
Deva-Hunedoara (Corvina) Conurbation n/a

*Timișoara and Arad intend to form the Arad–Timișoara Conurbation.[26] **Suceava and Botoșani might form a conurbation

Functional Urban Areas[edit]

In the EU, as defined by Eurostat, a functional urban area (FUA) – formerly known as larger urban zone (LUZ) – consists of a city and its commuting zone.

Largest Functional Urban Areas of Romania[14]
Rank Name County Development region FUA Population (2018)
1 Bucharest Bucharest-Ilfov 2,478,618
2 Iași Iași Nord-Est 500,668
3 Constanța Constanța Sud-Est 419,033
4 Brașov Brașov Centru 401,516
5 Cluj-Napoca Cluj Nord-Vest 396,339
6 Timișoara Timiș Vest 364,325
7 Galați Galați Sud-Est 322,953
8 Craiova Dolj Sud-Vest 321,329
9 Ploiești Prahova Sud 289,394
10 Oradea Bihor Nord-Vest 239,926

GDP of metropolitan areas[edit]

GDP of metropolitan regions in 2016
Rank Metropolitan area GDP [27]
(million EUR)
1 Bucharest 46,261.82
2 Timișoara 8,172.69
3 Cluj-Napoca 8,021.97
4 Constanţa 7,669.4
5 Ploiești 7,049.05
6 Brașov 5,844.08
7 Iași 5,277.69
8 Craiova 4,044.28
9 Galați 2,886.63
Non-metropolitan regions 75,047.84
Romania 170,393.6

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] (in Romanian)[dead link]
  2. ^ "Zona Metropolitana Iasi in contextul Romaniei" "Map of Romanian cities that can have metropolitan areas – in maroon" (in Romanian)
  3. ^ "Zona Metropolitană, viitorul dezvoltării urbane: Informaţia de Mureş". Archived from the original on 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  4. ^ INS INS 1.01.2009(in Romanian) Archived July 26, 2009, at WebCite
  5. ^ Zona Metropolitana Constanta (in Romanian)
  6. ^ "Constanța Metropolitan Area, officially in December", Telegraf Online Constanța
  7. ^ Zona Metropolitana Urbana si Strategii de Dezvoltare a Zonei Metropolitane Cluj-Napoca (in Romanian)
  8. ^ "Zona Metropolitana Urbana" (in Romanian). CJ Cluj. Retrieved May 25, 2009.
  9. ^ Zona Metropolitana Iasi
  10. ^ Microsoft Word – Strategie_zona_metropolitana.doc Archived April 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Eroare > EVZ.ro[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Zona Metropolitana Oradea
  13. ^ "Târgu Mureș metropolitan area official site". Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2012-11-20.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "Population at 1 January 2018". Eurostat. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ Proiect – Zona metropolitana Bucuresti
  17. ^ Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti ar urma sa se intinda pana la Dunare (in Romanian)
  18. ^ "Zona Metropolitana Bucuresti, un proiect fara strategii si planuri concrete, uitat la sertar". NewsReport (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2008-01-02.
  19. ^ Zona Metropolitană Timișoara | Primaria Timisoara | Secţiuni | Proiecte importante ale municipalitatii (in Romanian)
  20. ^ Util: Primaria Municipiului Timisoara lanseaza o dezbatere privind Zona Metropolitana (in Romanian)
  21. ^ Zona metropolitana Galati-Braila va avea un statut de functionare peste trei saptamani – Stiri din Real-Estate pe Wall-Street (in Romanian)
  22. ^ "Zona Metropolitana Bacau". ADL BACAU (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2008-04-12.
  23. ^ Conducere pentru ZONA METROPOLITANĂ BACĂU " Ziarul Observator de Bacau (in Romanian)
  24. ^ "Zona metropolitana Ploiesti prinde contur". Prahova (in Romanian). 21 February 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-01-19.
  25. ^ Victor Cozmei (20 September 2013). "Suceava și Botoșaniul vor să se unească într-un pol de dezvoltare care să rivalizeze cu Iașiul: tren de mare viteză, stadion în comun, drum expres și dezvoltarea aeroportului". HotNews.ro (in Romanian).
  26. ^ "Studiu de potențial privind dezvoltarea la nivelul municipiilor Timișoara și Arad" (PDF). ADR Vest (in Romanian).
  27. ^ [3]

See also[edit]