Metropolitan regions of China

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In China, a city cluster (城市群) is an officially defined type of megalopolis, whereby government policy is to knit the area together more tightly and promote development through transportation and communication links. The policy began in 2005 with the province of Hunan promoting Chang-Zhu-Tan city cluster (长株潭城市群) as the example. The Economist Intelligence Unit in 2012 identified 13 megalopolises: Chang-Zhu-Tan (Greater Changsha), Chengdu, Chongqing, Greater Beijing i.e. Jingjinji, Greater Shanghai (incl. Suzhou), Greater Xi'an, Greater Zhengzhou, Greater Guangzhou, Hefei economic circle (incl. Lu'an, Huainan, Chaohu), Shandong peninsula, Greater Shenyang, Shenzhen and Wuhan. [1]

"Megalopolis"
Chinese城市群
Hanyu PinyinChéngshì qún

There are currently nine major megalopolises in China [2]. Together, they constitute about one-tenth (9.99%) of China's land area, one-third (35.02%) of the country's population and one-half (52.83%) of the country's GDP (as in 2005). Among them, the largest three have been established since the beginning of China's economic reform and are expected to remain the leading force of the country's economic development in the coming decades.

In 2017, the NDRC stated that plans for six city clusters had been completed in 2016, five in 2017, with eight more forthcoming for a total of 19 city cluster plans by 2020. The new city clusters identified in 2017 were LanzhouXining, HohhotBatouErdosYulin, Guanzhong Plain, Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone, and the Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macao Greater Bay Area[3]

Major Megalopolises[edit]

Megalopolises Metropolitan Areas Cities Population Jurisdiction
Yangtze River Delta Megalopolis (长江三角洲)[4]
  • Shanghai Metropolitan Area (上海城市圈)
  • Jiangsu Yangtze Metropolitan Belt (江苏沿江城市带)
  • Zhejiang Hangzhou Greater Bay Area (浙江杭州大湾区)
Shanghai, Jiaxing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Changzhou, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Zhoushan, Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Ma'anshan, Nantong, Zhangjiagang, Jiangyin, Haimen, Jingjiang 88,000,000
~
92,582,426
Shanghai
Jiangsu
Zhejiang
Anhui
Pearl River Delta Megalopolis (珠江三角洲)[5] Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhaoqing, Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Huizhou, Macau, Zhuhai, Jiangmen, Zhongshan 63,724,157
~
120,000,000
Guangdong
Hong Kong SAR
Macau SAR
Jingjinji Megalopolis (京津冀城市群)
  • Beijing Metropolitan Area (北京城市圈)
  • Tianjin Metropolitan Area (天津城市圈)
Beijing, Tianjin, Xiong'an New Area, Tangshan, Baoding, Shijiazhuang, Langfang, Zhangjiakou, Chengde, Cangzhou, Xingtai, Handan, Hengshui ~130,000,000 Beijing
Tianjin
Hebei
Shandong Peninsula Megalopolis (山东半岛城市群)
  • Jinan Metropolitan Area (济南城市圈)
  • Qingdao Metropolitan Area (青岛城市圈)
Jinan, Qingdao, Yantai, Weihai, Zibo, Binzhou, Dongying, Tai'an, Weifang, Rizhao, Linyi ~28,000,000 Shandong
Mid-Southern Liaoning Megalopolis (辽中南城市群)
  • Shenyang Metropolitan Area (沈阳城市圈)
  • Dalian Metropolitan Area (大连城市圈)
Shenyang, Dalian, Benxi, Liaoyang, Anshan, Yingkou, Pulandian, Gaizhou ~27,000,000 Liaoning
Chengyu Metropolitan Region (成渝城市群)
  • Chengdu Metropolitan Area (成都城市圈)
  • Chongqing Metropolitan Area (重庆城市圈)
Chengdu, Chongqing, Leshan, Luzhou, Mianyang, Nanchong, Yibin, Meishan, Ziyang, Deyang, Suining, Neijiang, Zigong, Yongchuan, Dazhou, Guang'an ~90,940,000 Chongqing
Sichuan
Central Plain Metropolitan Region (中原城市群)
  • Zhengzhou Metropolitan Area (郑州城市圈)
  • Kaifeng Metropolitan Area (开封城市圈)
  • Luoyang Metropolitan Area (洛阳城市圈)
Zhengzhou, Kaifeng, Luoyang, Zhumadian, Nanyang, Shangqiu, Zhoukou, Xuchang, Heze, Xinxiang Henan
Yangtze River Valley Megalopolis (长江中游城市群)
  • Wuhan Metropolitan Area (武汉城市圈)
  • Changzhutan Metropolitan Area (长株潭城市圈)
  • Poyang Lake Metropolitan Area (鄱阳湖城市圈)
Wuhan, Changsha, Nanchang Hubei
Hunan
Jiangxi
Hachang Megalopolis (哈长城市群
)
  • Harbin Metropolitan Area (哈尔滨城市圈)
  • Changchun Metropolitan Area (长春城市圈)
Harbin, Changchun, Jilin Heilongjiang
Jilin

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Supersized Cities". Economist Intelligence Unit. 2012.
  2. ^ 中国将形成十大城市群[permanent dead link], Academy of Macroeconomic Research (AMR), 2007
  3. ^ 王建芬. "Five city clusters planned to help boost balanced growth". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  4. ^ "关于长江三角洲构建世界第六大城市群的思考". China.com.cn. Retrieved 2013-04-04.
  5. ^ Vidal, John (2010-03-22). "UN report: World's biggest cities merging into 'mega-regions'". The Guardian. London.