Meurthe-et-Moselle

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Meurthe-et-Moselle
Department
Prefecture building of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, in Nancy
Prefecture building of the Meurthe-et-Moselle department, in Nancy
Coat of arms of Meurthe-et-Moselle
Coat of arms
Location of Meurthe-et-Moselle in France
Location of Meurthe-et-Moselle in France
Coordinates: 48°40′N 06°10′E / 48.667°N 6.167°E / 48.667; 6.167Coordinates: 48°40′N 06°10′E / 48.667°N 6.167°E / 48.667; 6.167
Country France
Region Grand Est
Prefecture Nancy
Subprefectures Briey
Lunéville
Toul
Government
 • President of the General Council Mathieu Klein
Area1
 • Total 5,246 km2 (2,025 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 731,004
 • Rank 33rd
 • Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 54
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 23
Communes 594
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
Part of the series on
Lorraine
Flag of Lorraine.svg
Flag of Lorraine since the 13th century

Meurthe-et-Moselle (French pronunciation: ​[mœʁte mɔzɛl]) is a department in the Grand Est region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers.

History[edit]

Meurthe-et-Moselle was created in 1871 at the end of the Franco-Prussian War from the parts of the former departments of Moselle and Meurthe which remained French territory.

The current boundary between Meurthe-et-Moselle and Moselle was the border between France and Germany from 1871 to 1919 and again between 1940 and 1944. The only subsequent change took place in 1997 and involved the incorporation, for administrative reasons, of the little commune of Han-devant-Pierrepont which had previously fallen within the Meuse department.

Geography[edit]

Meurthe-et-Moselle is part of the administrative region of Grand Est and the traditional region of Lorraine and is surrounded by the departments of Meuse, Vosges, Bas-Rhin, and Moselle; and by the nations of Luxembourg and Belgium. Parts of Meurthe-et-Moselle belong to the Lorraine Regional Natural Park.

The department extends for 130 km from north to south and is between 7 and 103 km wide.

Its chief rivers are:

Most Populous Meurthe-et-Moselle communes[1]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population
1 Nancy Nancy-1
Nancy-2
Nancy-3
Nancy 104,072
2 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Nancy 29,836
3 Lunéville Lunéville-1
Lunéville-2
Lunéville 19,516
4 Toul Toul Toul 16,128
5 Pont-à-Mousson Pont-à-Mousson Nancy 14,792
6 Laxou Laxou Nancy 14,681
7 Villers-lès-Nancy Laxou Nancy 14,133
8 Longwy Longwy Briey 14,092
9 Dombasle-sur-Meurthe Lunéville-1 Nancy 9,953
10 Maxéville Val de Lorraine Sud Nancy 9,796

Economy[edit]

The economy was highly dependent on mining until the 1960s. There are iron, salt, and lime extraction sites. The urban area around Nancy has a very dynamic economy based largely on services, research, and higher education.

Demographics[edit]

The inhabitants of the department are known as Meurthe-et-Mosellans. The area around Nancy has become highly urbanized, whereas the Saintois in the south is quite rural.

Tourism[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Insee - Populations légales 2013". Insee. Retrieved September 11, 2016. 

External links[edit]