|• ISO 259||Mbaśśert Çiyon|
|• Also spelled||Mevasseret Ziyyon (official)|
View of Mevaseret from Rekhes Halilim
|• Type||Local council|
|• Head of Municipality||Yoram Shimon|
|• Total||6,390 dunams (6.39 km2 or 2.47 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||Herald of Zion (from Isaiah 40:9)|
Mevasseret Zion (Hebrew: מְבַשֶּׂרֶת צִיּוֹן) is a suburb of Jerusalem, Israel. Mevasseret Zion is composed of two distinct townships, Maoz Zion and Mevasseret Yerushalayim—under the jurisdiction of one local council. The newer neighborhoods of Mevasseret Zion were not part of either settlement.
Mevasseret Zion is located on a mountain ridge 750 meters above sea level, on the outskirts of Jerusalem. It is ten kilometers from the city, straddling both sides of the Jerusalem–Tel Aviv highway. In 2014 it had a population of 24,255, spread over 15 neighborhoods. It is the wealthiest municipality per capita in the Jerusalem District. Mevasseret Zion's current Mayor is Yoram Shimon.
Due to its strategic location, settlement in the area of Mevasseret Zion goes back to antiquity. The Romans built a fortress there, known as Castellum. On the ruins of this fortress, the Crusaders built a castle, Castellum Belveer, of which no trace remains. Belveer is mentioned in a letter from Eraclius, Patriarch of Jerusalem, dated September 1187, in which he describes the slaughter of Christians "by the sword of Mafumetus the Unbeliever and his evil worshipper Saladin" and the Arab conquest of the town, which was renamed al-Qastal.
During the British Mandate of Palestine, the British referred to this district as "The Castle". The Arabs called it "al-Qastal", pronouncing the "t." The Jews called it "HaCastel" ("the Castel").
In the 1948 Palestine War, battles took place here as Arabs and Jews fought for control of Qastal, which overlooked the main Tel Aviv-Jerusalem highway. Qastal exchanged hands several times in the course of the fighting. The tides turned when the Arab commander Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni was killed. Many of the Arabs left their positions to attend al-Husayni's funeral at the Al-Aqsa Mosque on Friday, April 9. That same day, Qastal fell to the Yishuv forces, virtually unopposed.
Maoz Zion ("Stronghold of Zion") was established in 1951 to house new immigrants from Iraq, Kurdistan, North Africa and Iran who had been living in a ma'abara, or transit camp, at the foot of the Castel. Many were employed at the nearby Solel Boneh stone quarry.
Mevasseret Yerushalayim was established east of Ma'oz Zion in 1956 by Jewish immigrants from North Africa. It was located on a ridge near the armistice line, north of Motza. The residents worked in the fruit orchards in the Arazim Valley.
Unified local council
In 1963, Maoz Zion and Mevasseret Yerushalayim formed a joint local council, which was called Mevasseret Zion. The source of the name comes from the Book of Isaiah: "על הר גבוה עלי לך מבשרת ציון" ("Ascend a lofty mountain, O herald of joy to Zion") (Isaiah 40:9).
Institutions and landmarks
Har'el shopping mall is located at the entrance to Mevasseret Zion, near the Har'el interchange. The mall serves the residents of Mevasseret Zion, Maoz Zion, the surrounding communities, as well as travelers on Route 1. The shopping mall includes some 80 businesses, including Golf, s.wear, and Magnolia Jewelers.
Mevasseret Zion has 3 secular grade schools, one junior-high school and a high school, "Tichon Har'el". It also holds two religious schools.
Yeshivat Sha'arei Mevasseret Zion is located in Mevasseret Zion. It includes a kollel, mostly catering to adult Israeli men, and a gap year program for North American high school graduates. Around half of the participants of the gap year program are graduates from the Rav Teitz Mesivta Academy, but they have students ranging from Seattle to London.
In April–May 2003, an archeological salvage dig carried out on Nahal Sorek Street in Mevasseret Zion unearthed an ancient burial cave dating from the mid-Second Temple Period. The ruins of a medieval structure, Khirbet Beit Mizza, are located in Mevasseret Zion, believed to be the site of the biblical town of Motza mentioned in the Book of Joshua 18:26.
Hapoel Mevasseret Zion, plays at Israel´s Liga Gimel, Israel's 5th league. Started as Hapoel Mevasseret Zion and then united with Ironi Abu Ghosh, and became the first Israeli team mixed from an Arab village and a Jewish town. In 2007 Mevasseret-Abu Ghosh was united with Hapoel Katamon, and then separated again. The team is built of Arab and Jewish players, and participated in international friendly tournaments for peace. The team plays in local soccer field called "Hamigrash Hayarok" Which means in Hebrew, the green field. The capacity is about 200 people.
Hapoel Mevasseret Zion basketball plays also for Liga Bet. The team plays in the local basketball court with a capacity of 300 seats.
- Rachel Adato
- Aharon Appelfeld
- Shlomo Bentin
- Charlie Biton
- Ran Cohen
- Martin van Creveld
- Caroline Glick
- David Grossman
- Yuval Steinitz
- Matan Vilnai
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
- Denys Pringle (1997). Qastal (R15). Secular buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: an archaeological gazetteer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 118.
No trace of any Frankish structures, despite contrary claims.
- Letters from the East: Crusaders, Pilgrims and Settlers in the 12th-13th Centuries, Keith Bate, Malcolm Barber, A.K. Bate
- Institute of Jerusalem Studies
- Encyclopaedia Judaica, "Mevasseret Zion", p. 1453
- Observant have little appetite for Israel's kosher McDonald's
- Israel Antiquities Authority
- Domestic Settings: Sources on Domestic Architecture and Day-to-Day Activities in the Crusader States, Adrian J. Boas
- The Uttermost Part of the Earth: A Guide to Places in the Bible, Richard R. Losch
- firstname.lastname@example.org ** 135 Old Mamaroneck Road, White Plains, NY 10606 ** 914-683-YIWP