Mewat

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Mewat
Country India
Mewat Region
 • Haryana TehsilsHathin, Nuh, Firozpur Jhirka, Punahana, Taoru
 • Raj Alwar TehsilsTijara, Kishangarh Bas, Ramgarh, Laxmangarh
 • Raj Bharatpur TehsilsPahari, Nagar, Kaman
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Haryanvi
 • SpokenMewati
Ahirwati

Mewat is a historical region of Haryana and Rajasthan states in northwestern India. The loose boundaries of Mewat are not precisely determined but generally include Hathin tehsil, Nuh district of Haryana and Tijara, Kishangarh Bas, Ramgarh, Laxmangarh Tehsils Aravalli Range in Alwar district and Pahari, Nagar, Kaman tehsils in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and also some part of Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.[1]

The region roughly corresponds to the ancient kingdom of Matsya, founded in the 5th century BCE. Mewati dialect, a slight variant of the Haryanvi and Rajasthani dialects of Hindi, is spoken in rural areas of the region. Mewati Gharana is a distinctive style of Indian classical music.

Wali-e-Mewati[edit]

The title of Wali-e-Mewat was used by the Khanzada Rajput rulers of Mewat State from 1372 till 1527, who ruled Mewat as an independent state. In 1372, Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq granted Raja Nahar Khan of Kotla Fort, the Lordship of Mewat. He established a hereditary polity in Mewat and proclaimed the title of Wali-e-Mewat. Later his descendants affirmed their own sovereignty in Mewat and ruled there till 1527.

The last Khanzada Rajput ruler of Mewat was Hasan Khan Mewati, who died in the Battle of Khanwa, his successors ruled Mewat as vassals of Mughal Empire.

Recent developments[edit]

The Delhi-Mumbai expressway is a proposed expressway which will pass through Mewat. Gurugram Sohna Nuh Alwar Road has been upgraded National Highway and is known as NH 248A. Kundli Manesar Palwal expressway passing through Mewat also provides high speed connectivity to National Highway 8 and National Highway. A Government Medical College at Nalhar is now operational near Nuh.

The planned Rewari-Bhiwadi-Palwal railway line and Delhi Sohna Nuh Ferozepur Jhirka Alwar will pass through Mewat and near its district headquarter town, Nuh, if and when it is constructed.

Haryana Wakf Board has set up its first engineering college in Mewat which is operational near Nuh

Media[edit]

Mewat has two community radio stations: Radio Mewat and Alfaz-e-Mewat.

Radio Mewat, launched in 2010, endeavours to give voice to the voiceless in backward communities.

Alfaz-e-Mewat, launched in 2012, provides rural communities in and around the Mewat district with information and participatory dialogue about agriculture, water and soil health, and governance issues.

Mewat has its own monthly magazine named Mewat Kal AAj Kal. This magazine runs by Mewati students who are studying in different esteemed and prestigious educational institutions across the country. Presently Mohd Juber Khan is the editor & publisher of this RNI registered magazine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mewat The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 17, p. 313.

External links[edit]