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|Mewat Cultural Region|
|मेवात सांस्कृतिक क्षेत्र|
|• Haryana Tehsils||Hathin, Nuh, Firozpur Jhirka, Punahana, Taoru|
|• Raj Alwar Tehsils||Tijara, Kishangarh Bas, Ramgarh, Laxmangarh|
|• Raj Bharatpur Tehsils||Pahari, Nagar, Kaman|
|• Official||Hindi हिंदी|
|• Spoken||Mewati मेवाती
Mewat is a historical region of Haryana and Rajasthan states in northwestern India. The loose boundaries of Mewat are not precisely determined but generally include Hathin tehsil, Nuh district of Haryana and Tijara, Kishangarh Bas, Ramgarh, Laxmangarh Tehsils in Alwar district and Pahari, Nagar, Kaman tehsils in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and also some part of Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.
The region roughly corresponds to the ancient kingdom of Matsya, founded in the 5th century BCE. Mewati dialect, a slight variant of the Haryanvi and Rajasthani dialects of Hindi, is spoken in rural areas of the region. Mewati Gharana is a distinctive style of Indian classical music.
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The title of Wali-e-Mewat was used by the Khanzada Rajput rulers of Mewat from 1372 till 1527, who ruled Mewat as an independent state. In 1372, Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq granted Raja Nahar Khan of Kotila, the Lordship of Mewat. He established a hereditary polity in Mewat and proclaimed the title of Wali-e-Mewat. Later his descendants affirmed their own sovereignty in Mewat and ruled there till 1527.
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Nahar Khan, f.k.a Raja Sonpar Pal (1372-1402)- the founder of Mewat state and the progenitor of Khanzada Rajput Tribe.
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Bahadur Khan (1402-1412) - founded Bahadurpur in 1406.
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Akleem Khan (1412-1417)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Feroz Khan (1417-1422) - founded Ferozepur Jhirka in 1419.
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Jalal Khan (1422-1443)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Ahmad Khan (1443-1468)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Zakaria Khan (1468-1485)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Alawal Khan (1485-1504)
- Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Hasan Khan Mewati (1504-1527) - The last Khanzada Rajput ruler of Mewat.
The Gurugram Sohna Nuh Alwar Road has been upgraded to four lane National Highway and is known as NH 248A. Kundli Manesar Palwal expressway passing through Mewat also provides high speed connectivity to National Highway 8 and National Highway. A Government Medical College is now operational near Nuh.
However, due to expansion of real estate activities in nearby Gurgaon, the land prices in Mewat have gone up considerably and the land is being bought by investors and developers.
The planned Rewari-Bhiwadi-Palwal railway line and Delhi Sohna Nuh Ferozepur Jhirka Alwar will pass through Mewat and near its district headquarter town, Nuh, if and when it is constructed.
Haryana Wakf Board has set up its first engineering college in Mewat which is operational near Nuh
Mewat has two community radio stations: Radio Mewat and Alfaz-e-Mewat.
Radio Mewat, launched in 2010, endeavors to give voice to the voiceless in backward communities.
Alfaz-e-Mewat, launched in 2012, provides rural communities in and around the Mewat district with information and participatory dialogue about agriculture, water and soil health, and governance issues.
- Mewat Development Agency
- Against History, Against State: Counterperspectives from the Margins by Shail Mayaram
- Sehgal Foundation