Mewat

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For other uses, see Mewat district.
Mewat Cultural Region
मेवात सांस्कृतिक क्षेत्र
Country  India
Demonym(s) मेवाती
Mewat Region
 • Haryana Tehsils Hathin, Nuh, Firozpur Jhirka, Punahana, Taoru
 • Raj Alwar Tehsils Tijara, Kishangarh Bas, Ramgarh, Laxmangarh
 • Raj Bharatpur Tehsils Pahari, Nagar, Kaman
Languages
 • Official Hindi हिंदी
 • Spoken Mewati मेवाती
Ahirwati अहीर्वती

Mewat is a historical region of Haryana and Rajasthan states in northwestern India. The loose boundaries of Mewat are not precisely determined but generally include Hathin tehsil, Nuh district of Haryana and Tijara, Kishangarh Bas, Ramgarh, Laxmangarh Tehsils in Alwar district and Pahari, Nagar, Kaman tehsils in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and also some part of Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.[1]

The region roughly corresponds to the ancient kingdom of Matsya, founded in the 5th century BCE. Mewati dialect, a slight variant of the Haryanvi and Rajasthani dialects of Hindi, is spoken in rural areas of the region. Mewati Gharana is a distinctive style of Indian classical music.

Wali-e-Mewat[edit]

The title of Wali-e-Mewat was used by the Khanzada Rajput rulers of Mewat from 1372 till 1527, who ruled Mewat as an independent state. In 1372, Sultan Firuz Shah Tughlaq granted Raja Nahar Khan of Kotila, the Lordship of Mewat. He established a hereditary polity in Mewat and proclaimed the title of Wali-e-Mewat. Later his descendants affirmed their own sovereignty in Mewat and ruled there till 1527.

The last Khanzada Rajput ruler of Mewat was Hasan Khan Mewati, who died in the Battle of Khanwa, his successors ruled Mewat as vassals of Mughal Empire.

Recent developments[edit]

The Gurugram Sohna Nuh Alwar Road has been upgraded to four lane National Highway and is known as NH 248A. Kundli Manesar Palwal expressway passing through Mewat also provides high speed connectivity to National Highway 8 and National Highway. A Government Medical College is now operational near Nuh.

However, due to expansion of real estate activities in nearby Gurgaon, the land prices in Mewat have gone up considerably and the land is being bought by investors and developers.

The planned Rewari-Bhiwadi-Palwal railway line and Delhi Sohna Nuh Ferozepur Jhirka Alwar will pass through Mewat and near its district headquarter town, Nuh, if and when it is constructed.

Haryana Wakf Board has set up its first engineering college in Mewat which is operational near Nuh

Media[edit]

Mewat has two community radio stations: Radio Mewat and Alfaz-e-Mewat.

Radio Mewat, launched in 2010, endeavors to give voice to the voiceless in backward communities.

Alfaz-e-Mewat, launched in 2012, provides rural communities in and around the Mewat district with information and participatory dialogue about agriculture, water and soil health, and governance issues.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mewat The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 17, p. 313.

External links[edit]