Nuh district

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Nuh district
District of Haryana
Location of Nuh district in Haryana
Location of Nuh district in Haryana
Country India
State Haryana
Headquarters Nuh
Tehsils Nuh, Firozpur Jhirka, Punahana, Taoru
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Gurgaon
 • Assembly seats Nuh, Ferozepur Jhirka, Punahana
Area
 • Total 1,860 km2 (720 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 10,89,406
 • Density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Urban 4.64%
Demographics
 • Literacy 56
 • Sex ratio 906
Major highways National Highway 248-A (Gurgaon-Sohna-Alwar), KMP (Western Peripheral) Expressway
Average annual precipitation 594 mm

Nuh district (Hindi: Nuh ज़िला) is one of the 22 districts in the Indian state of Haryana. It has an area of 1,860 square kilometres (720 sq mi) and 10.9 million population. It is bounded by Gurgaon district on the north, Rewari district on the west and Faridabad and Palwal districts on the east. It is predominantly populated by the Meos, who are agriculturalists, and Muslims.

History[edit]

The district was created as Mewat district by taking areas from Gurgaon district and the Hathin Block of Faridabad district on 4 April 2005. However, Hathin sub-division was moved to the new district of Palwal in 2008. The district was renamed Nuh in 2016 after the name of its largest town and district headquarters as Mewat is a cultural region which spans the state of Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh..[1]

The district comprises Nuh, Taoru, Nagina, Firozpur Jhirka and Punhana and Pinangwan blocks, 431 villages and 297 panchayats. There were 512 villages and 365 panchayats in district before Hathin Block was transferred to Palwal district. Village Singar is the biggest village 3 km from Punahana.

Geography[edit]

The soil of district is light in texture, particularly sandy, sandy loam and clay loam. The upper hills are mostly barren.The total area of Nuh district is 1507 km2.

Towns[edit]

Demography[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Nuh district had a population of 1,089,406,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[3] or the US state of Rhode Island.[4] This gives it a ranking of 420th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district had a population density of 729 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,890/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 37.94%.[2] It has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 56.1%.

According to the Census of India 2001, the total population of district was 993,617 (including Hathin Block of district Palwal) of which 46,122 (4.64%) lived in urban areas and the major chunk 947,495 (95.36%) of the population lived in rural areas. Out of the total population of 993,617, there are 524,872 males and 468,745 females. The SC population is around 78,802. The total numbers of households are 142,822 out of which 135,253 (95%) are in rural areas and remaining 7,569 (5%) are in urban areas. The total number of BPL households are 53,125 including Hathin Block.

Circle frame.svg

Religion in Nuh district (2011)[5]

  Islam (79.20%)
  Hinduism (20.37%)
  Jainism (0.13%)
  Christianity (0.11%)
  Sikhism (00.05%)
  Buddhism (0.05%)
  Other or none (0.09%)

Economy[edit]

The main occupation in district is agriculture along with allied and agro-based activities. The Meos are the predominant population group and are all agriculturists. Agriculture is mostly rain fed except in small pockets where canal irrigation is available. Agriculture production measured in terms of crop yield per hectare is low in comparison to the other districts of the State. Animal husbandry, particularly dairy, is the secondary source of income for the people and those who live closer to the hilly ranges of Aravali also keep sheep and goats. Milk yields are not so low, however, due to heavy indebtedness most of the farmers are forced to sell the milk to the lenders at lower than normal price, which drastically reduces their income from the milk. The poultry population in Nuh district is much less in comparison to other districts of Haryana State.

The district also has a MMTC-PAMP factory located in the Rojka-Meo industrial estate.

Climate[edit]

The district falls under the Sub-Tropical, Semi-arid climatic zone with extremely hot temperature in summer. Dryness of air is standard feature in Nuh district except during the monsoon season. May and June are the hottest months of the year with the temperature ranging from 30C to 48C. January, on the other hand is the coldest month with temperature ranging between 2 °C to 25 °C. Strong dusty winds are conspicuous during summer.

Rainfall[edit]

The annual rainfall varies considerably from year to year. The maximum rainfall is experienced during the monsoon season, which reaches its peak in the month of July. The principal precipitation occurs during monsoon period from June to September when about 80% of the rainfall is received. The average rainfall varies from 336 mm to 440 mm in the district.

Humidity[edit]

Humidity is considerably low during the greater part of the year. The Nuh district experiences high humidity only during the monsoon period. The period of minimum humidity (less than 20%) is between April and May.

Wind[edit]

During the monsoon, the sky is heavily clouded, and winds are strong during this period. Winds are generally light during the post-monsoon and winter months.

Region Specific Weather Phenomena[edit]

Nuh district experiences a high incidence of thunderstorms and dust storms, often accompanied by violent squalls (andhar) during the period April to June. Sometimes the thunderstorms are accompanied by heavy rain and occasionally by hailstorms. In the winter months, fog sometimes appears in the district.

Transport[edit]

Nuh town is on Gurgaon-Sohna-Alwar road which is now National Highway 248 (NH 248). A new railway line is being laid from Alwar to Pirthala near Palwal as a part of Western Dedicated Freight Corridor. A small portion of the track will pass slightly east of Nuh town and a Nuh railway station may be created.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gurgaon is now 'Gurugram', Mewat renamed Nuh: Haryana government". The Indian Express. 12 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est. 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Rhode Island 1,052,567 
  5. ^ "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°06′N 77°00′E / 28.100°N 77.000°E / 28.100; 77.000