Mexican Federal Highway 15D

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Federal Highway 15D shield

Federal Highway 15D
Carretera Federal 15D
Mexico 15 International Highway
Mexico-Nogales Highway
Route information
Maintained by Secretariat of Communications and Transportation
Length 1,652 km (1,027 mi)
Major junctions
North end SR 189 in Nogales Port of Entry, Nogales, Sonora
 

Fed. 2 in Santa Ana
Fed. 14 in Hermosillo
Fed. 16 in Hermosillo
Fed. 40 in Mazatlán
Fed. 68 in Acaponeta
Fed. 76 in Tepic
Fed. 200 in Tepic
Fed. 68D near Chapalilla
Fed. 70D in Jala
Fed. GUA 10D in El Arenal, Jalisco
Fed. 70 in El Arenal, Jalisco
Fed. 23 / Fed. 44 / Fed. 54 / Fed. 54D in Guadalajara, Jalisco
Fed. 80 in Guadalajara, Jalisco
Fed. 90D in Zapotlanejo, Jalisco
Fed. GUA 10D in Zapotlanejo, Jalisco
Fed. 35 / Fed. 71 / Fed. 110 in La Barca, Jalisco
Fed. 120 near Maravatio

Fed. 55 / Fed. 55D / Fed. M40D in Atlacomulco
South end Fed. 57D in Mexico City
Highway system

Mexican Federal Highways
List • Autopistas

Fed. 15Fed. 16

Federal Highway 15D (Carretera Federal 15D) is the name for toll highways paralleling Federal Highway 15. The toll segments of Highway 15D include some of the most significant highways in the country along the Nogales-Mexico City corridor. The highway is the southern terminus of the CANAMEX Corridor, a trade corridor that stretches from Mexico north across the United States to the Canadian province of Alberta.

Two segments of Federal Highway 15D (México-La Marquesa and Guadalajara-Tepic) are among the top five most expensive toll roads in Mexico, according to a 2016 analysis by Carmatch.[1]

Sonora[edit]

Estación Don-Nogales and bypasses[edit]

Carretera Estación Don-Nogales
Location SR 189 at the Nogales-Mariposa Port of Entry to Fed. 15D at Estación Don
Length 652 km[2] (405 mi)

With 652 kilometres (405 mi) of length, Highway 15D's segment in Sonora, formerly known as Estación Don-Nogales, runs the length of the state of Sonora and includes access to most of the state's major population centers. It is maintained by Caminos y Puentes Federales, which charges cars 340 pesos to travel the length of the road, including its four bypasses of Nogales (12.5 kilometres (7.8 mi)), Magdalena de Kino (6.57 kilometres (4.08 mi), 25 pesos), Guaymas (21.5 kilometres (13.4 mi), 31 pesos) and, Hermosillo (13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi)).[3]

Highway 15 is free between Nogales and Magdalena de Kino and from Hermosillo to Guaymas, but between Guaymas and Ciudad Obregón, and from Ciudad Obregón to Los Mochis, Sinaloa, cars are tolled for intercity transit, and unlike with most of the country's toll roads (which are completely bypassed by non-toll highways), there are no non-toll alternatives to Highway 15D through much of Sonora.[4][5]

The road is currently being widened to four lanes throughout, a project scheduled to be completed by 2018;[2] at the same time, several curves are being redesigned to bring the entire road up to autopista status.[6] Additionally, bypasses are being constructed to avoid the route's two largest cities.

Libramiento de Ciudad Obregón[edit]

In 2014, a concession was awarded to GIA+A and Invex Infraestructura to build a 34.2-kilometre (21.3 mi) bypass of Ciudad Obregón,[7] which circles around the city to the north and east. The first portion of the highway opened in October 2017.[8] This bypass is operated by OCACSA, and cars pay 73 pesos to use it.[9]

Libramiento de Hermosillo[edit]

In 2015, a consortium of IDINSA, Constructora MAS and PRIMEX was selected to build a bypass of Hermosillo, with an expected completion date at the end of 2017.[10] More recent estimates place completion in mid-2018.[11]

Sinaloa: Culiacán to Mazatlán[edit]

Autopista Culiacán-Mazatlán
Location Fed. 15D in Costa Rica, Sinaloa to Fed. 15D in Venadillo, Sinaloa
Length 190.26 km (118.22 mi)

Travelers on Highway 15 get their next opportunity to take a toll road west of Guamúchil, where Sinaloa State Highway 1D forms. Highway 1D does not take on the federal designation until west of Culiacán, at which time the Autopista Mazatlán-Culiacán, operated by IDEAL, begins. IDEAL operates the stretches that form Highway 15D between Culiacán and Guadalajara. Travelers can access the road via the Libramiento de Culiacán, which begins at Highway 1D and costs 30 pesos for cars,[13] or by heading south on Av. Jesús Kumate within Culiacán. The two roads meet at Costa Rica, taking a southeast trajectory past La Cruz de Elota, Dimas and Mármol toward Mazatlán. Two toll plazas, Costa Rica and Mármol,[12] charge 130 and 116 pesos, respectively,[14] with the total cost of the road being 246 pesos.

North of Mazatlán, this highway ends, and motorists can enter the city or continue along the Libramiento de Mazatlán, also operated by IDEAL. The bypass is 32 kilometres (20 mi) in length, with eight interchanges and provision for two additional spurs, as well as one oasis;[15] it costs 44 pesos to drive.[16] East of Villa Unión, Highway 15D serves as the western terminus of Mexican Federal Highway 40D to Durango.

Mazatlán, Sinaloa to Tepic, Nayarit[edit]

Autopista Tepic-Mazatlán
Location Fed. 40 in Villa Unión, Sinaloa to Fed. 15D in Tepic, Nayarit
Length 238.3 km[17] (148.1 mi)

Exiting the Mazatlán area and Villa Unión, Highway 15D heads for Tepic, Nayarit, passing El Rosario and Escuinapa before entering Nayarit west of Acaponeta. Cars pay a toll of 480 pesos to travel between Mazatlán and Tepic.[18]

The Mazatlán-Tepic highway was constructed in multiple phases, all but one completed prior to the current concession and two built by the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation. The first segment to open was the connection between Tepic and the exit to San Blas, completed in 1990; the 151.8 kilometres (94.3 mi) between the San Blas exit and Escuinapa was completed between 2005 and 2007 by concessionaire Carreteras, Autopistas y Libramientos de la República Mexicana.[17]

Tepic, Nayarit to Guadalajara, Jalisco[edit]

Highway 15D southbound approaches the Tequepexpan interchange and toll booth, with access to Chapalilla and Mexican Federal Highway 68D

Autopista Guadalajara-Tepic
Location Fed. 15D in Tepic , Nayarit to Fed. 15D near Guadalajara, Jalisco
Length 168.6 km[19] (104.8 mi)

Highway 15D continues its trajectory toward Tepic. It has interchanges at Nayarit State Highway 68 to Acaponeta and Tecuala before entering the Tepic area. Entering Tepic from the northwest, travelers have the option to enter the city and merge with Highway 15 or to take the Libramiento de Tepic; they also can access the new toll road to San Blas. The Libramiento de Tepic was formally inaugurated by President Enrique Peña Nieto in February 2017[20] and costs cars 55 pesos to travel.[21]

At the southeast edge of Tepic, the road intersects an access to Tepic, with provision for a future connection to the south. Highway 15D proceeds past Ixtlán del Río east toward Jalisco, ending at non-toll Highway 15 west of Guadalajara. This stretch costs cars 383 pesos.[21]

Zapotlanejo, Jalisco to Maravatío, Michoacán[edit]

Carretera Zapotlanejo-Maravatío
Location Fed. 90D at Zapotlanejo, Jalisco to Fed. 15D Maravatío, Michoacán
Length 311.38 km[22] (193.48 mi)

The Highway 15D designation returns east of Guadalajara, with a new toll road operator, Red de Carreteras de Occidente, a consortium of Empresas ICA (es) and Goldman Sachs which was awarded a package of various operating highways in 2007.[23] The RCO stretch begins at Mexican Federal Highway 90D near Zapotlanejo, intersecting the under-construction Macrolibramiento Sur De Guadalajara. Heading east, Highway 15D provides access to Ocotlán and La Barca before crossing into Michoacán. In Michoacán, Highway 15D provides access to Ecuandureo, Churintzio, Panindícuaro and Huaniqueo. Skirting the southern shore of Cuitzeo Lake, Highway 15D encounters three major interchanges leading to Michoacán's major cities. Mexican Federal Highway 14D begins at Copándaro and leads to Pátzcuaro, Uruapan and Lázaro Cárdenas; Mexican Federal Highway 43D leads south to Morelia and north to Salamanca, Guanajuato; and Highway 48D serves as a toll road connecting Morelia and Highway 15D with access to the Morelia International Airport. Heading east, it meets Mexican Federal Highway 120 at Zinapécuaro before the RCO segment ends at Maravatío.

The Zapotlanejo-Maravatío highway was Mexico's most expensive toll road in 2013.[24] It currently costs cars 566 pesos to travel from Zapotlanejo to Maravatío, divided among four major toll zones.[25]

Maravatío, Michoacán to Atlacomulco, State of Mexico and future extension to Atizapán[edit]

Carretera Maravatío-Atlacomulco
Location Fed. 15D Maravatío, Michoacán to Fed. 55 / Fed. 55D / Fed. M40D at Atlacomulco, State of Mexico
Length 64 km[22] (40 mi)

OCACSA picks up maintenance of Highway 15D at Maravatío and runs the road for 64 kilometres (40 mi); it enters the State of Mexico near Temascalcingo, proceeding east to an interchange with federal highways 55, M40D (Arco Norte) north of Atlacomulco. To continue to Mexico City, traffic must take Highway 55D south to Toluca. The Atlacomulco interchange includes a provision for an eastern extension, which will connect Atlacomulco to Atizapán in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The concession for this 74-kilometre (46 mi) segment, which would connect it to the Autopista Chamapa-Lechería, was awarded to OHL in 2014; it was originally slated to open in April 2016, but has faced delays due to issues acquiring right of way and resultant environmental delays.[26] It is currently scheduled to open in the first half of 2018.[27]

Toluca to Mexico City[edit]

Carretera México-La Marquesa-Toluca (Lerma)
Location Fed. 15D near Lerma, State of Mexico to Fed. 15D / Fed. 57D in Mexico City
Length 34 km (21 mi)

One last stretch of Highway 15D finishes the connection to Mexico City, connecting Toluca/Lerma to Mexico City via La Marquesa and closely paralleling non-toll Highway 15 with access to the Autopista Chamapa-La Venta, as well as to the Santa Fe area of Mexico City, before merging with Paseo de la Reforma. Both segments are operated by PINFRA.[28]

The Mexico City-La Marquesa toll road was the third-most expensive per kilometer in 2016, with drivers paying 74 pesos to access the 22-kilometre (14 mi) highway (3.36 pesos per kilometer).[19] The La Marquesa-Toluca segment, inaugurated by President Peña Nieto in July 2016, is even more expensive; it costs drivers 50 pesos to travel 12 kilometres (7.5 mi), or 3.76 pesos per kilometer.[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Éstas son las 5 carreteras más caras del país". El Financiero (in Spanish). 20 July 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Cerón, Mayra (23 December 2016). "Prevén entregar autopista Estación Don-Nogales antes de que concluya sexenio". Revista Transportes y Turismo (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "Tarifas Vigentes" (PDF). CAPUFE. 31 January 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Ortega, Iván (8 October 2016). "Cuesta a viajeros 630 pesos recorrer ida y vuelta carretera de Sonora". Uniradio Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "Datos Viales – Sonora" (PDF). SCT. 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  6. ^ "Aprueban fondo para convertir la Cuatro Carriles en autopista". El Chiltepín (in Spanish). 15 July 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2017. 
  7. ^ Valle, Ana (27 June 2014). "Libramiento de Ciudad Obregón es adjudicado a GIA+A e Invex". El Financiero (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  8. ^ Robles Ruiz, Alejandro (4 October 2017). "Abren tramo de libramiento de Ciudad Obregón". Azteca Sonora. Retrieved 19 December 2017. 
  9. ^ OCACSA - Libramiento de Ciudad Obregón
  10. ^ Valero, Marlene (27 July 2016). "En tiempo, el 5% de avance en construcción de libramiento en Hermosillo: SCT". Proyecto Puente (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "Cruzar Hermosillo por nuevo libramiento, en un recorrido de 36 kilómetros, costaría 74 pesos". Proyecto Puente (in Spanish). 19 October 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Datos Viales – Sinaloa" (PDF) (in Spanish). SCT. 2016. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  13. ^ "Datos Operativos de las Vías – Libramiento de Culiacán" (in Spanish). SCT. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  14. ^ "Tarifas" (in Spanish). Autopista Mazatlán-Culiacán. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  15. ^ "Ficha Técnica del Nuevo Libramiento de Mazatlán" (in Spanish). Autopista Mazatlán-Culiacán. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  16. ^ "Datos Operativos de las Vías – Libramiento de Mazatlán" (in Spanish). SCT. 
  17. ^ a b "Quienes Somos" (in Spanish). Autopista Tepic-Mazatlán. Retrieved 10 April 2017. [permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "Tarifas" (in Spanish). Autopista Tepic-Mazatlán. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  19. ^ a b "Amplían las concesiones de autopistas en Jalisco". El Informador (in Spanish). 15 November 2016. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  20. ^ "Inaugura Peña Nieto Autopista Tepic – San Blas y Libramiento Norte". Nayarit en Línea (in Spanish). 21 February 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  21. ^ a b "Tarifas" (in Spanish). Autopista Guadalajara-Tepic. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  22. ^ a b "Datos Viales – Michoacán" (PDF) (in Spanish). SCT. 2016. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  23. ^ Cardoso, Víctor (4 October 2007). "Entregará la SCT dos carreteras rescatadas a ICA y Goldman Sachs". La Jornada (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  24. ^ Larios, Roberto (2 October 2013). "Carretera de cuota más cara del país se ubica en Jalisco". Unión Jalisco (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  25. ^ "Tarifas" (in Spanish). Red Vía Corta (RCO). Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  26. ^ Valle, Ana (19 February 2016). "Atizapán-Atlacomulco, otra carretera polémica de OHL". CNN Expansión (via Obrasweb) (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  27. ^ Notimex (30 August 2016). "OHL avanza en la construcción de autopista Atizapán-Atlacomulco". 20 Minutos (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  28. ^ "Autopista México-La Marquesa-Toluca, un negocio de 60 años para Pinfra". Plana Mayor (in Spanish). 9 July 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  29. ^ Mendoza, Veneranda (20 July 2016). "Inaugura Peña autopista La Marquesa-Toluca; peaje será de 50 pesos por 12 kilómetros". Proceso (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017. 

External links[edit]