Mexican general election, 1988

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Mexican general election, 1988
Mexico
1982 ←
July 6, 1988 → 1994

  Carlos Salinas.jpg Cuauhtemoc Cardenas Solorzano.jpg Manuel Clouthier.jpg
Nominee Carlos Salinas de Gortari Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Manuel Clouthier
Party PRI FDN PAN
Home state Mexico City Mexico City Sinaloa
Popular vote 9,687,926 5,929,585 3,208,584
Percentage 50.70% 31.10% 16.80%

President before election

Miguel de la Madrid
PRI

Elected President

Carlos Salinas de Gortari
PRI

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mexico
Foreign relations

General elections were held in México on July 6, 1988.[1] Carlos Salinas de Gortari was declared the winner, with the Ministry of Interior saying he had received 50.7% of the vote. It was the lowest for a winning candidate since direct elections were introduced for the presidency in 1917.[2] In the Chamber of Deputies election, the Institutional Revolutionary Party won 260 of the 500 seats,[3] as well as winning 60 of the 64 seats in the Senate election.[4] Voter turnout was said to be 51.6% in the presidential election, 49.7% for the Senate elections and 49.4% for the Chamber election.[5] During the vote count, the government said that the computers had crashed, characterizing it as "a breakdown of the system."[6] One observer said, "For the ordinary citizen, it was not the computer network but the Mexican political system that had crashed."[7] Although early results had indicated Cuauhtemoc Cárdenas was winning, when computer function was said to have been restored, Salinas was said to have eked out a narrow victory.

Years later, former president Miguel de la Madrid admitted to the New York Times and in an autobiography that the presidential elections had been rigged to make the Institutional Revolutionary Party win, and that three years after the election, all ballots were burnt in order to remove all evidence of the fraud. [8]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Carlos Salinas de Gortari Institutional Revolutionary Party 9,687,926 50.7
Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas National Democratic Front 5,929,585 31.1
Manuel Clouthier National Action Party 3,208,584 16.8
Gumersindo Magaña Negrete Mexican Democratic Party 190,891 1.0
Rosario Ybarra Revolutionary Workers' Party 416,448 1.9
Invalid/blank votes 548,879
Total 19,640,722 100
Source: Nohlen

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Institutional Revolutionary Party 9,263,810 50.8 60 -3
National Action Party 3,293,460 18.1 0 0
Party of the Cardenist Front of National Reconstruction 1,727,376 9.5 4 +3
Popular Socialist Party 1,702,203 9.3
Authentic Party of the Mexican Revolution 1,154,811 6.3
Mexican Socialist Party 770,659 4.2
Mexican Democratic Party 223,631 1.2
Revolutionary Workers' Party 76,135 0.4 0 0
Non-registered candidates 13,222 0.1 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 689,542
Total 18,915,722 100 64 0
Source: Nohlen

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Institutional Revolutionary Party 9,276,934 51.0 260 -32
National Action Party 3,276,824 18.0 101 +63
Party of the Cardenist Front of National Reconstruction¹ 1,704,532 9.4 38 New
Popular Socialist Party¹ 1,673,863 9.2 37 +26
Authentic Party of the Mexican Revolution¹ 1,124,575 6.2 30 +19
Mexican Socialist Party¹ 810,372 4.5 18 0
Mexican Democratic Party 244,458 1.3 0 -12
Revolutionary Workers' Party 88,637 0.5 0 -6
National Democratic Front 15 New
Invalid/blank votes 620,220
Total 18,820,415 100 500 +100
Source: Nohlen

¹ Several parties were part of the National Democratic Front alliance, with some candidates running separately under the name "Coalition".[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p453 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ Nohlen, pp471-474
  3. ^ a b Nohlen, p469
  4. ^ Nohlen, p470
  5. ^ Nohlen, p454
  6. ^ quoted in Enrique Krauze, Mexico: Biography of Power. New York: HarperCollins 1997, p. 770.
  7. ^ Krauze, Mexico: Biography of Power, p. 770.
  8. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/09/world/ex-president-in-mexico-casts-new-light-on-rigged-1988-election.html