Mexican immigration to Cuba

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Mexicans in Cuba
Mexicanos en Cuba
Total population
2,752 (2010)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Havana
Languages
Spanish
Religion
Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
Related ethnic groups
Mexicans of European descent, Indigenous peoples of Mexico, Mestizos in Mexico

Mexican immigration to Cuba comprises people who emigrated from Mexico to Cuba and their descendants. Cuba is home to the most Mexicans living in the Caribbean. The waves of migration from Mexico to Cuba started from the 1970s, attracted by a mild climate and political stability.

The resident embassy of Mexico reported 2,752 Mexican citizens in Cuba in 2010, but estimates approximately 4,000 Mexican citizens crossing into the neighboring country for educational, business, commercial, industrial and tourist activities. The Mexican community has been primarily established in the city of Havana.

Many people from Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Jalisco, and Tamaulipas share ties of familiarity with Cubans following the Caste War and industrial trade (Porfiriato) that drove Mexicans to migrate to the island. [2]

History[edit]

The Mayans were separated from their work, and they surreptitiously left with fugitive status prosecuted by the local authority. On the other hand, there were inherited debts, so that the children had to pay what the father could not have covered. This created a pattern, perpetuating dependence on the family and as the father came close to paying off his debt, the landowner was allowed to trade with their workers, establishing the slave market in Cuba.[3]

Thus, entire families formed indigenous human chains moved in from the mainland to the island. Under these conditions they lived and suffered, especially many Yucatán Mayans in the mid-nineteenth century.[4][5] Most were brought to Havana but others were brought to Cuba as farmers of sisal, sugarcane, and fodder in the provinces of Pinar del Río, Matanzas and Camagüey.

Mexican communities[edit]

Yucatecans[edit]

The Yucatecans, the largest Mexican community on Cuban soil, are distributed in Havana, Pinar del Río, and Matanzas. This community arrived in Mexico from the Spanish colonial period, as slaves were brought to the island to work the sugar plantations. Many other Yucatecans came during the Caste War in the nineteenth century. Migration from the Yucatán decreased in the twentieth century.

The majority of the Korean diaspora in Cuba are descendants of immigrants from Yucatán.

Statistics[edit]

Census Year Mexican residents
2000 520
2005 826 Increase
2010 2,752 Increase

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto de los Mexicanos en el Exterior 2010 Archived 25 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Investigación de la Migración Internacional en Latinoamérica (IMILA).
  3. ^ Carlos R. Menéndez, "Historia del infame comercio de indios en Yucatán", 1922, Mérida, Yucatán
  4. ^ John Kenneth Turner, México Bárbaro, 1965, Costa Amic editores, México, D.F.
  5. ^ Nelson Reed, The Caste War of Yucatan, Stanford University Press, 1964