The front cover of a Mexican passport with the coat of arms of Mexico.
|Date first issued||August 2012 (Most recent edition)|
|Type of document||Passport|
|Eligibility requirements||Mexican citizenship|
Mexican passports are issued to Mexican citizens for the purpose of traveling abroad. The Mexican passport is also an official ID and proof of Mexican citizenship. According to the 2017 Visa Restrictions Index, holders of a Mexican passport can visit 142 countries without a visa, placing Mexico in the 26th rank in terms of global travel freedom.
Types of passports
- Ordinary Passport - Issued for ordinary travel, such as vacations and business trips.
- Diplomatic Passport - Issued to Mexican diplomats, top ranking government officials , diplomatic couriers , and family of the previous on the list , another type of identification Cédula diplomática mexicana is issued for travel when not in official duties , it may be accompanied by an ordinary passport , *(1) , *(2)
- Official Passport - Issued to individuals representing the Mexican government on official business
Mexican passports are dark green, with the Mexican Coat of Arms in the center of the front cover and the official name of the country "Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (United Mexican States) around the coat of arms. The word "Pasaporte" is inscribed below the coat of arms, and "Mexico" (as the country is known) above. The Mexican passport contains many different security features, some of them visible only under a black light.
Since 2010, all Mexican passports are biometric. All passport applicants must have their pictures taken digitally; all ten fingerprints are taken and an iris scan is done: Although Mexican passports are biometric, they do not contain a data chip.
Identity information page
Mexican passports include the following data:
Each passport has a biographical information page and a signature page. Illustration: biographical information page and signature page – right. Mexico is currently on the 'G' series passport.
- Photo of passport holder (digital)
- Type (P)
- Country code (MEX)
- Passport no.
- Surnames (Both father and mother's maiden name)
- Given names
- Date of birth
- Personal ID number (CURP)
- Place of birth
- Date of issue
- Date of expiration
- Hologram picture in the center-right and national symbols scattered throughout the biographic page
The biographical information page ends with the Machine Readable Zone. Also, each visa page has a different coat of arms (One for each of the 31 states and the Federal District).
Requirements for first time applicants that are over the age of eighteen.
- 1. Personally attend to any Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores(SRE) delegation or SRE affiliated office, with an appointment.
- 2. Fill with black ink, and by hand and in print the application for an ordinary passport book (Form OP-5). The application can be obtained for free at any of the branches of the SRE or the Office of State or Municipal Liaison SRE.
- 3. Proof of Mexican nationality by presenting an original and a photocopy of any of the following documents:
- a) Certified copy of birth certificate issued by the Mexican civil registry office. Birth registration should not be time-barred (must have occurred within the first three years of life), if exceeded temporality, see section "Additional Documentation for birth certificates with untimely registration";
- b) Certified copy of birth certificate issued by a consular office abroad *.
- c) Certificate * Copy of Mexican nationality;
- d) Declaration of Mexican nationality by birth *;
- e) Naturalization Certificate*, and
- f) Certificate of Citizenship Identity issued by the Secretary of the Interior
4. Prove identity with an original and a photocopy of any of the following official documents with photograph and signature of the holder, the data should agree closely with those of the document that is proving nationality:
- a) Cédula de Identidad Ciudadana issued by the Secretaría de Gobernación;
- b) Matrícula Consular (Certificate of Consular Registration, Consular ID Card);
- c) Naturalization Certificate;
- d) Certificate of Mexican nationality;
- e) Declaration of Mexican nationality by birth;
- f) Voting Card issued by the National Electoral Institute;
- g) Cartilla de Identidad del Servicio Militar Nacional Liberada;
- h) Professional Certificate;
- i) Professional Degree;
- j) Letter of internship;
- k) A valid identification issued by the Instituto Nacional de las Personas Adultas Mayoress;
- l) Credential of medical services from a public health institution or social security badges with a photo that has been sealed with official seal of the institution. If credentials are in digital format, they can be accepted even if the seal does not overlap the photograph;
- m) for retired or pensioned credentials issued by an institution of social security, badges have to be sealed with the official seal, along with the signature and title of the person who issued it. If credentials in digital format, they can be accepted even if the seal does not overlap the photograph and
- n) National Credential for Persons with Disabilities issued by the Sistema Integral para la Familia (DIF).
In Mexican territory, fees are paid either online or at an affiliated Mexican bank that receives payments for passports. Citizens that live abroad pay at the consulate or embassy in which they are applying. There is a 50% discount for people that are over the age of sixty, people with disabilities, and agriculture workers. In order to be able to receive a discount, the person must show proof at the time of payment. All fees below are current as of January 2017.
- Mexican 1-year expiration passport: $545.00MXN
- Issued to children under three years of age and in cases of a justified emergency to adults who cannot fulfill all of the requirements for an ordinary passport issuance. As well, to individuals that need consular protection, that live outside of Mexico.
- Mexican 3-year expiration passport: $1,130.00MXN
- Issued to children over the age of three and adults over the age of eighteen.
- Mexican 6-year expiration passport: $1,555.00MXN
- Issued to children over the age of three and adults over the age of eighteen.
- Mexican 10-year expiration passport: $2,390.00MXN
- Issued only to adults over the age of eighteen, in Mexico and some embassies and consulates abroad.
The passports contain a note from the issuing state that is addressed to the authorities of all other states, identifying the bearer as a citizen of that state and requesting that he or she be allowed to pass and be treated according to international norms. The note inside the Mexican passports state:
- "La Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos solicita a las autoridades competentes que permitan al titular de este pasaporte de nacionalidad mexicana su libre paso sin retraso u obstáculo alguno y, dado el caso, le otorguen toda la asistencia y protección posibles."
- "The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the United Mexican States hereby requests all competent authorities to permit the holder of this passport, a Mexican national, free transit without delay or hindrance and in case of need to give him all lawful aid and protection."
and in French.
- "Le Ministère des Affaires Etrangères des États-Unis du Mexique prie les autorités compétentes de bien vouloir laisser passer librement et sans entrave le titulaire du présent passeport, de nationalité mexicaine, et du lui prêter toute aide et assistance possibles."
In 2016, Mexican citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 139 countries and territories, ranking the Mexican passport 28th in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index.
Gallery of historic images
- List of diplomatic missions of Mexico
- List of diplomatic missions in Mexico
- Mexican nationality law
- Secretariat of Foreign Affairs
- Visa requirements for Mexican citizens
- Visa policy of Mexico
- (1) holders of diplomatic identity cards enjoy the same rights and privileges as holders of diplomatic passports .
- (2) diplomatic identity cards are usually accompanied by an ordinary passport