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|Other names||Mexican Vihuela, Vihuela Mexicano|
|Timple, Guitarra de Golpe, Guitar|
Although the Mexican vihuela has the same name as the historic Spanish plucked string instrument, the two have little to do with each other, and they are not closely related. The Mexican vihuela has more in common with the Timple Canario (see: timple) due to both having five strings and both having vaulted (convex) backs. The Mexican vihuela is a small, deep-bodied rhythm guitar built along the same lines as the guitarrón. The Mexican vihuela is used by mariachi groups, most notably in central Jalisco, Mexico. It is played with fingers (can also be played with a pick that is put on your first finger) strumming open chords on the fretted part of the neck.
Notes and tuning
The vihuela has five nylon strings in reentrant tuning. Similar to the first five strings of a guitar, but with the third, fourth and fifth an octave above what one might expect.
Tuning: ADGBE – The A,D, and G are tuned one octave above a guitar.
- Blattman, Erica et al. (2002). "Mariachi Embraced in Our World". Retrieved April 23, 2005.
- ASTON MAGNA: Viola da Gamba and Theorbo "". Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- Relatives of the Lute: Vihuela, some collected knowledge of The Lute Society of America, Dartmouth College
- Mexican music scores. Music sheets for vihuela in the Mariachi orchestra.