Mexico City International Airport

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Mexico City International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México
Logo of MEX Airport.svg
AICM AIR T2.jpg
Mexico City Airport Terminal 2
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGrupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México
OperatorAeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares
ServesMexico City, Mexico
LocationVenustiano Carranza, Mexico City
Opened15 May 1931 (1931-05-15)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL7,316 ft / 2,230 m
Coordinates19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194Coordinates: 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194
Websiteaicm.com.mx
Map
MEX is located in Mexico City
MEX
MEX
Location within Mexico City
MEX is located in Mexico
MEX
MEX
MEX (Mexico)
MEX is located in North America
MEX
MEX
MEX (North America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
05L/23R 3,952 12,966 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Passengers21,981,711
Cargo tonnage469,714.3
Source: DAFIF[1][2]
Statistics: Airport website[3]

Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México, AICM); officially Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez International Airport) (IATA: MEX, ICAO: MMMX) is an international airport that serves Greater Mexico City. It is Mexico's and Latin America's busiest airport by passenger traffic and aircraft movements, and the 33rd busiest in the world. The airport sustains 35,000 jobs directly and around 15,000 indirectly in the immediate area.[4] The airport is owned by Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México and operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, the government-owned corporation, which also operates 22 other airports throughout Mexico.[5] In recent years Toluca Airport has become an alternate airport.[6]

This airport is served by 30 domestic and international passenger airlines and 17 cargo carriers. As the main hub for Mexico's largest airline Aeroméxico (with Aeroméxico Connect), the airport has become a SkyTeam hub. It is also a hub for Aeromar and Volaris and a focus city for VivaAerobús. On a typical day, more than 136,000 passengers[3] pass through the airport to and from more than 100 destinations on four continents. In 2020, the airport handled 21,981,711 passengers, a 56.3% decrease compared to 2019.[3]

Location[edit]

Located at the neighbourhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico City is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A. Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east. As the airport is located on the east side of Mexico City and its runways run southwest–northeast, an airliner's landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of Mexico City when the wind is from the northeast. Therefore, there is an important overflying problem and noise pollution.[7][8]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Inauguration of Iberia's Mexico City-Madrid route, March 1, 1950

The original site, known as Llanos de Balbuena, had been used for aeronautical activities since 1910, when Alberto Braniff became the first to fly an aeroplane in Mexico, and in Latin America.[9][10] The flight was onboard of a Voisin biplane. On November 30, 1911, President Francisco I. Madero, was the first head of State in the world to fly onboard of a Deperdussin airplane piloted by Geo M. Dyott of Moisant International.[11][12] In 1915 the airport first opened as Balbuena Military Airport with five runways. Construction of a small civilian airport began in 1928. The first landing was on November 5, 1928, and regular service started in 1929, but was officially inaugurated on May 15, 1931. On July 8, 1943, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree that acknowledged Mexico City's Central Airport as an international airport, capable of managing international arrivals and departures of passengers and aircraft. Its first international route was to Los Angeles International Airport operated by Mexicana. Construction of Runway 05D-23I started six years later, as well as new facilities such as a platform, a terminal building, a control tower and offices for the authorities. The runway started its operations in 1951. On November 19, 1952, President Miguel Alemán opened the passenger terminal, which later became Terminal 1.[13]

In 1956 the airport had four runways in service: 05L-23R (2,720 m long, 40 m wide), 05R-23L (3,000 m long, 45 m wide), with electric lights for night-time service; 13-31 (2,300m long, 40m wide) which had been built to relieve 14-32, to which residential areas had encroached too closely; and 5 Auxiliar (759m long).[14]

1960s–1990s[edit]

President and Mrs. Kennedy disembark Air Force One, June 29, 1962

On December 2, 1963, Walter C. Buchanan, former director of the Transport and Communications Department (SCT), changed the airport's name "Aeropuerto Central" (Central Airport) to "Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México" (Mexico City International Airport).[15]

In the 1970s, president Luis Echeverría closed the two remaining shorter runways (13/31 and 5 Auxiliar); on the land of 13-31 a social housing complex was built, Unidad Fiviport.[16][17][18] leaving the two parallel runways. In 1980, the terminal was expanded to double its capacity, using a single large terminal rather than multiple terminals as in other airports. Ten years later in 1990, the mixed domestic/international gates were separated to increase the terminal's functionality, along with the separation of domestic and international check-in halls.[citation needed]

On November 24, 1978, the "Mexico" Control Tower began its operations; it has been in service since then.[15]

The AICM has continually improved its infrastructure. On August 15, 1979, and after about a year of remodeling works, the terminal building reopened to the public; the airport continued its operations during the renovation, which improved passenger transit with better space distribution in walkways and rooms.[19]

Due to constant growth in demand of both passengers and operations, on January 13, 1994, the Official Gazette of the Federation, published a presidential decree that prohibited general aviation operations in the AICM, which were moved to Toluca International Airport in order to clear air traffic in the capital's airport.[20]

Renovations to the AICM continued and on April 11, 1994, a new International Terminal building was ready and operational. It was built by a private contractor according to a co-investment agreement with Airports and Auxiliary Services. In 2001, in order to further improve service to passengers, construction for Module XI started. This Module permitted eight new contact positions in the Airport Terminal, capable of receiving eight regular airplanes, two wide-body, or four narrow-body aircraft.[21]

2003–2007 expansion[edit]

Because of the increasing traffic, president Vicente Fox announced the construction of a new, larger airport on 5,000 ha (12,000 acres) in the municipalities of Texcoco and San Salvador Atenco, but when local violent protests took place in 2002, the new airport was cancelled.[22] Instead, to respond to the growing demand and aiming to position the AICM as one of the greatest in terms of quality, services, security, and operational functionality, on May 30, 2003, the Federal Government announced an update: an extension to the air terminal in order to widen its service capacity from 20 million to 32 million passengers a year. This program was part of the Metropolitan Airport System, promoted by the Federal Administration. The Communications and Transportation Ministry (SCT), Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares (ASA) and AICM performed expansion and remodeling work on Terminal 1, over a surface area of 90,000 square metres (970,000 sq ft); 48,000 of which were new construction and 42,000 of which were remodeled. The renovations include new airline counters, commercial spaces and an elevator for people with disabilities, which improved the flow of passengers with domestic destinations.

Among other works performed in the international area, a long-distance bus terminal was built with connections to Puebla, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Toluca, Querétaro and Orizaba. The new bus station has access to a food court and the international arrivals and departures area, as well as a pedestrian bridge that connects to "The Peñón de los Baños" neighbourhood.

The airport was formally named after the 19th-century president Benito Juárez in 2006.[23]

On November 15, 2007, Terminal 2 was opened, significantly increasing the airport's capacity. All SkyTeam members moved their operations to the new terminal, except Air France and KLM. It was officially inaugurated in March 2008, once the new road accesses and taxiways were finished. Terminal 2 increased the airport's contact positions by 40% and the operational capacity by 15%. The terminal was inaugurated by former President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa.[24]

Lack of capacity and slot restrictions[edit]

The airport as seen from an aircraft in 2011.
Aerial view of the airport before the construction of Terminal 2.

The airport has suffered from a lack of capacity due to restrictions on expansion, since it is located in a densely populated area. In 2014, Mexican authorities established and declared a maximum capacity of 61 operations per hour with a total of 16 rush hours (7:00–22:59).[25] Another issue with the airport is the limitation that its two runways provide, for this reason, only government, military, commercial and specially authorised aircraft are allowed to use the airport. Private aircraft must use alternate airports, such as Lic. Adolfo López Mateos International Airport in Toluca, General Mariano Matamoros Airport in Cuernavaca, or Hermanos Serdán International Airport in Puebla.

Attempt to replace the airport[edit]

Architect Fernando Romero and the scale model of the New Mexico City airport.

Construction of a new Mexico City international airport was announced by Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto on September 2, 2014,[26] who said that it would be "emblemático": a national symbol, replacing the current Mexico City International Airport, which is at capacity. It was to have a single terminal of 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) and six runways: two of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi; 15,000 ft) and four of 4 kilometres (2.5 mi; 13,000 ft). The architects were Sir Norman Foster and Fernando Romero, son-in-law of billionaire Carlos Slim and architect of the Soumaya Museum.[27][28]

Construction was to take eight years, costing 120 or 169 billion Mexican pesos, about 9–13 billion U.S. dollars, depending on the source, on land already owned by the federal government in the Zona Federal del Lago de Texcoco, between Ecatepec and Atenco in the State of Mexico, about 10 km northeast of the current airport.[29][30] The terminal was to be sustainable, aiming at a LEED Platinum certification.[31] The project was cancelled on October 30, 2018 following a referendum.[32] The costs of cancellation are estimated at over US$5 billion.[33]

Terminals and facilities[edit]

Terminal layout before T2.
Terminal layout after T2 was built.
External facade of Terminal 2.
Terminal 2 - Departures waiting area.
Terminal 2 - Display screens.
Mexico City International Airport, terminal 2, hall 75
Central corridor at T2.

Terminals[edit]

Mexico City International Airport has two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 is separated from Terminal 2 by the runways.

Terminal 1[edit]

  • Opened in 1958; expanded in 1970, 1989, 1998, 2000 and 2004
  • Overall terminal surface: 542,000 m2 (5,830,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 33
  • Remote positions: 17 (34 Before New T2 was built)
  • Number of jetways: 33
  • Number of airside halls: 10
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 9
  • Number of mobile-lounges: 11
  • Hotel service:
  • Parking service: 3,100 vehicles (Domestic), 2,400 vehicles (International)
  • Space per passenger in T1: 17 m2 (180 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 22

Terminal 2[edit]

  • Opened in 2007
  • Overall terminal surface: 288,000 m2 (3,100,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 30
  • Remote positions: 10 (Aeromar)
  • Number of jetways: 30
  • Number of airside halls: 2 (Domestic, International)
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 3 (L1, L2, L3)
  • Hotel service:
    • 287 room NH
  • Parking service: 3,000 vehicles
  • Space per passenger in T2: 22 m2 (240 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 15)
  • Platform surface: 426,000 m2 (4,590,000 sq ft)
  • Inter-terminal Aerotrén capacity: 7,800 daily passengers

Terminal 2 was built over a surface area of 242,666.55 square metres (2,612,041.0 sq ft) and has modern security systems, in accordance with international standards including a passenger traffic separation system. The new facility will help AICM increase its capacity to 32 million passengers per year.

Air operations in the new facilities began on November 15, 2007, with flights by Aeromar and Delta Air Lines, and later AeroMéxico, Copa, LAN and Continental Airlines. Terminal 2 was formally inaugurated by former Presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa on March 26, 2008.

These projects were done without affecting airplane takeoffs and landings, and will help Mexico City International Airport offer better services, and respond to the growing demand of passengers and operations in the coming years.

Terminal 2 now houses all Aeroméxico flights out of the airport, becoming the airline's main distribution centre. Although the terminal was intended to be served by all-SkyTeam member airlines, Air France and KLM decided to remain at Terminal 1.

Terminal 3[edit]

The proposed construction of a Terminal 3 was canceled. It is estimated that it will take many years to bring the number of flights back to 2019 levels, by which time the General Felipe Ángeles International Airport in Santa Lucía, Zumpango, State of Mexico will be open.[34]

Other facilities[edit]

Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a government-owned corporation that operates airports in Mexico, has its headquarters on the airport property,[35] Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares.[36] The Aeromar headquarters are located in Hangar 7 in Zone D of the General Aviation Terminal of the airport.[37][38] Aviacsa used to have its headquarters in Hangar 1 in Zone C, but it ceased operations on May 4, 2011.[39]

The Base Aérea Militar número 19 (Military Air Base number 19), formerly Sexto Grupo Aéreo de la Fuerza Aérea Mexicana (Sixth Air Group of the Mexican Air Force), opened at the AICM on July 22, 2020, when the presidential airplane " José María Morelos y Pavón" (XC-MEX) returned from the United States, where it had been put up for sale. The main hangar on the base is being used to store supplies for the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico.[40]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The airport connects 50 domestic and 64 international destinations in Latin America, North America, Europe and Asia. Aeromexico serves the largest number of cities from any Latin American hub (80), 46 domestic and 34 international.[41] Most prominent foreign airlines are United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Avianca Holdings. Aeroméxico/Aeroméxico Connect operates the most departures from the airport followed by Volaris and Aeromar. Aeroméxico also operates to the most destinations.

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AeromarAcapulco, Ciudad Victoria, Colima, Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Ixtepec, Laredo, Lázaro Cárdenas (resumes November 1, 2021), McAllen, Morelia (resumes November 1, 2021),[42] Piedras Negras, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Tepic, Veracruz
AeroméxicoAmsterdam, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Denver, Guadalajara, Havana (suspended),[43] Hermosillo, Las Vegas, Lima, London–Heathrow (resumes November 1, 2021),[43] Los Angeles, Madrid, Medellín–JMC, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal–Trudeau, New York–JFK, Orlando, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, Quito, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Tijuana, Tokyo–Narita (resumes November 1, 2021),[43] Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Aguascalientes, Ciudad Juárez, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, León/El Bajío, Oaxaca, Reynosa, Tapachula, Veracruz
Aeroméxico ConnectAcapulco, Aguascalientes, Austin, Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Durango, Guatemala City, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Los Mochis, Managua, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Mazatlán, Mérida, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Morelia (suspended),[43] Nuevo Laredo, Oaxaca, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro, Reynosa, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Tampico, Tapachula, Tegucigalpa/Comayagua (begins December 2, 2021),[44] Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas
Air CanadaMontréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Air FranceParis–Charles de Gaulle
All Nippon AirwaysTokyo–Narita
American AirlinesCharlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
AviancaBogotá
Avianca El SalvadorSan Salvador
British AirwaysLondon–Heathrow
Copa AirlinesPanama City–Tocumen
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Salt Lake City
EmiratesBarcelona, Dubai–International
IberiaMadrid
KLMAmsterdam
LATAM BrasilSão Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM ChileSantiago de Chile
LATAM PerúLima
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich
MagnichartersCancún, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mérida, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo
Seasonal: Cozumel, Manzanillo
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul1
United AirlinesChicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
VivaAerobúsAcapulco, Bogotá, Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Cozumel, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Durango, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Los Mochis, Mazatlán, Mérida, Miami (begins December 17, 2021),[45] Monterrey, New York–JFK, Oaxaca, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, Tampico, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas
Seasonal: Austin
Charter: Havana, Varadero
Viva Air Colombia Bogotá, Medellín–JMC
VolarisAcapulco, Aguascalientes, Bogotá (begins October 6, 2021),[46] Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Cozumel, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Durango, Fresno, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Los Mochis, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, Oakland, Oaxaca, Ontario (CA), Orlando, Puerto Vallarta, Sacramento, San Antonio, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, San Salvador,[47] Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Villahermosa
Volaris Costa RicaGuatemala City, San José de Costa Rica
WingoBogotá
Notes

^1 Turkish Airlines' flight from Mexico City to Istanbul makes a stop in Cancún; however, the airline doesn't have local traffic rights between Mexico City and Cancún.

Other services[edit]

In addition to the scheduled airlines above, Mexico City airport is used by some further airlines for chartered flights including:

Cargo[edit]

As of May 2021, Mexico City airport was served by 21 cargo airlines flying directly to Europe, Central, North and South America, Middle East, Africa and East Asia. The following airlines operate the scheduled destinations below.[citation needed]

AirlinesDestinations
ABX AirCincinnati, Guadalajara, Los Angeles
Aeroméxico Cargo Wuhan[48]
AeroUnionChicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Miami, Monterrey
Air France CargoAtlanta, Guadalajara, Houston–Intercontinental, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto
Amerijet InternationalMiami
Atlas AirHuntsville
Avianca CargoBogotá
CAL Cargo Air LinesLiège, Tel Aviv
CargoluxDallas/Fort Worth, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, New York–JFK
Cargolux ItaliaMilan–Malpensa
Cathay Pacific CargoAnchorage, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Los Angeles
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Los Angeles
Seasonal: Guatemala City
Emirates SkyCargoCopenhagen, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Frankfurt, Houston–Intercontinental, Guadalajara, Los Angeles, Quito, Zaragoza
Estafeta Air CargoSan Luis Potosí, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Mérida
Ethiopian Airlines CargoAddis Ababa, Los Angeles, Miami, Zaragoza
Lufthansa CargoChicago O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, New York–JFK
Mas AirBogotá, Buenos Aires, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, Guayaquil, Hong Kong, Lima, Los Angeles, Miami, Quito
Qatar Airways CargoAtlanta, Doha, Houston–Intercontinental, Liège, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Macau, Ostend/Bruges,[49] Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Zaragoza
Turkish Airlines CargoBogotá, Curaçao, Houston–Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk, Maastricht, Madrid
UPS AirlinesLouisville

Airlines providing on-demand cargo services

Traffic statistics[edit]

In 2020, Mexico City International Airport moved 21,981,711 passengers, making it the busiest airport in Latin America in terms of total passengers. It registered a year-to-year decrease of 56.3%[3] due to the COVID-19 Pandemic.

In terms of international passengers, it is also the busiest airport in Latin America with 5,794,875 passengers.[3]

The airport is the busiest in Latin America by aircraft movements with 24% more operations than Bogotá-El Dorado[50] and 44.65% more than São Paulo-Guarulhos.[51] It is the 17th busiest airport in the world in terms of aircraft movements, climbing 4 spots compared to previous year.[52] In 2020, the airport handled 215,144 aircraft operations, an average of 589 operations per day.[3]

Regarding cargo, the airport is also the busiest in the country and the second busiest in Latin America, after El Dorado International Airport[50] in Bogotá. It is also the 50th busiest in the world.[53] During 2020, it moved 469,714.3 tons, an annual decrease of 16.69%.[3]

Mexico City Airport Passengers – 1990–2020 (millions)
Updated: January 29, 2020.



Cargo [metric tons]
Year Domestic % change International % change Total % change
2020 79,536.3 Decrease 24.1 390,178.0 Decrease 13.5 469,714.3 Decrease 15.5
2019 104,832.5 Increase 3.0 451,309.8 Decrease 6.0 556,142.3 Decrease 4.4
2018 101,774.72 Increase 2.49 479,900.56 Increase 9.58 581,675.28 Increase 8.27
2017 99,303.94 Increase 8.15 437,958.75 Increase 11.83 537,262.69 Increase 11.13
2016 91,820.00 Increase 11.84 391,613.40 Increase 7.35 483,433.40 Increase 8.17
2015 82,100.42 Increase 21.92 364,814.69 Increase 10.14 446,915.11 Increase 12.13
2014 67,341.85 Increase 5.75 331,214.62 Increase 5.85 398,556.47 Increase 5.83
2013 63,678.54 Decrease 19.05 312,911.31 Decrease 1.71 376,589.85 Decrease 5.15
2012 78,666.10 Decrease 4.01 318,351.98 Decrease 3.38 397,018.08 Decrease 3.51
2011 81,953.37 Decrease 3.41 329,502.22 Increase 6.90 411,455.59 Increase 4.68
2010 84,846.88 Increase 1.01 308,228.992 Increase 29.98 393,075.87 Increase 22.40
2009 83,999.43 Decrease 13.47 237,134.01 Decrease 15.01 321,133.44 Decrease 14.61
2008 97,070.08 - 279,025.63 - 376,095.71 -


Busiest routes, 2020[edit]

Domestic[55]
(includes traffic in both directions)
Rank Airport Passengers Rank Airline(s)
1 Quintana Roo Cancún, Quintana Roo 1,434,266 Steady Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobús, Volaris
2 Nuevo León Monterrey, Nuevo León 791,221 Steady Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
3 Jalisco Guadalajara, Jalisco 768,108 Steady Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
4 Baja California Tijuana, Baja California 656,242 Steady Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
5 Yucatán Mérida, Yucatán 456,447 Steady Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobús, Volaris
6 Baja California Sur San José del Cabo, Baja California Sur 295,048 Increase2 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobús, Volaris
7 Jalisco Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco 283,554 Decrease1 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobús, Volaris
8 Sonora Hermosillo, Sonora 234,744 Increase1 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
9 Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas 222,302 Decrease2 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
10 Chihuahua (state) Chihuahua, Chihuahua 202,707 Steady Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
11 Tabasco Villahermosa, Tabasco 198,997 Steady Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
12 Chihuahua (state) Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 179,679 Increase1 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris, VivaAerobús
13 Sinaloa Culiacán, Sinaloa 165,285 Increase1 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
14 Oaxaca Oaxaca, Oaxaca 158,734 Decrease2 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
15 Oaxaca Huatulco, Oaxaca 146,754 Steady Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobús, Volaris
16 Sinaloa Mazatlán, Sinaloa 132,779 Increase4 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
17 Baja California Mexicali, Baja California 127,880 Increase4 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris
18 Veracruz Veracruz, Veracruz 117,562 Decrease2 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
19 Baja California Sur La Paz, Baja California Sur 116,420 Increase5 Aeroméxico Connect, VivaAerobús, Volaris
20 Coahuila Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Coahuila 114,463 Decrease1 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
21 Oaxaca Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca 113,340 Increase4 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
22 Chiapas Tapachula, Chiapas 112,780 Increase6 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris
23 Guerrero Acapulco, Guerrero 96,853 Decrease6 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
24 Guanajuato León/El Bajío, Guanajuato 92,717 Decrease6 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris
25 Guerrero Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Guerrero 76,460 Increase2 Aeromar, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobús, Volaris
26 Tamaulipas Tampico, Tamaulipas 74,536 Decrease4 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús
27 Tamaulipas Reynosa, Tamaulipas 71,186 Increase3 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, VivaAerobús
28 Quintana Roo Chetumal, Quintana Roo 67,354 Decrease2 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
29 Campeche Ciudad del Carmen, Campeche 65,104 Increase2 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
30 Aguascalientes Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes 64,207 Decrease7 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Volaris
International[55]
(includes traffic in both directions)
Rank Airport Passengers Rank Airline(s)
1 United States Los Angeles, USA 193,434 Increase1 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
2 United States Miami, USA 164,019 Increase4 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines, Interjet, Volaris
3 United States Houston–Intercontinental, USA 162,277 Increase2 Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, United Airlines, VivaAerobús, Volaris
4 United States New York–JFK, USA 143,951 Decrease3 Aeroméxico, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, VivaAerobús
5 United States Dallas/Fort Worth, USA 137,949 Increase3 Aeroméxico Connect, American Airlines, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
6 United States Chicago–O’Hare, USA 127,552 Increase3 Aeroméxico, Interjet, United Airlines, VivaAerobús, Volaris
7 Spain Madrid, Spain 123,692 Decrease4 Aeroméxico, Iberia
8 Colombia Bogotá, Colombia 120,079 Decrease4 Aeroméxico, Avianca, Interjet, Wingo
9 United States Atlanta, USA 118,896 Increase8 Delta Air Lines
10 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France 88,060 Steady Aeroméxico, Air France
11 Peru Lima, Peru 78,772 Decrease4 Aeroméxico, Interjet, LATAM Perú
12 Canada Toronto-Pearson, Canada 78,460 Steady Aeroméxico, Air Canada Rouge, Interjet
13 Panama Panama City-Tocumen, Panama 76,598 Decrease2 Copa Airlines
14 United States San Antonio, USA 67,781 Increase11 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
15 Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands 67,227 Increase6 Aeroméxico, KLM
16 Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos, Brazil 65,895 Increase7 Aeroméxico, LATAM Brasil
17 United States Las Vegas, USA 62,857 Decrease1 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
18 United States San Francisco, USA 57,376 Increase1 Aeroméxico, United Airlines
19 Guatemala Guatemala City, Guatemala 57,329 Decrease6 Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, Volaris Costa Rica
20 United States Orlando, USA 53,152 Decrease5 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
21 Cuba Havana, Cuba 52,532 Decrease7 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobús
22 Canada Vancouver, Canada 50,769 Decrease2 Aeroméxico, Air Canada, Interjet
23 Costa Rica San José, Costa Rica 46,246 Decrease5 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris Costa Rica
24 Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Canada 44,497 Decrease2 Aeroméxico, Air Canada Rouge, Interjet
25 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 42,094 Increase4 Lufthansa
26 United States Denver, USA 39,884 Increase11 Aeroméxico, Volaris
27 Japan Tokyo–Narita, Japan 36,893 Increase1 Aeroméxico, All Nippon Airways
28 El Salvador San Salvador, El Salvador 35,284 Decrease4 Aeroméxico Connect, Avianca El Salvador, Interjet
29 United States Newark, USA 34,996 Increase1 United Airlines
30 Chile Santiago, Chile 33,884 Decrease4 Aeroméxico, LATAM Chile

Inter-terminal transportation[edit]

Mexico City airport inter-terminal transit with Terminal 2 in background.

Terminal 1 is connected to Terminal 2 by the Aerotrén monorail system in which only connecting passengers with hand baggage are allowed to use with their boarding pass. Technical and cabin crew can also use it. The distance between the terminals is 3 km (1.9 mi). and the Airtrain's speed is 45 km/h (28 mph). Also, there is a land service between terminals called "inter-terminal transportation". These buses are located at entrance no. 6 of Terminal 1 and entrance no. 4 of Terminal 2.[56]

Ground transportation[edit]

Metro and bus services[edit]

Terminal 1 is served by the Terminal Aérea Metro station, which belongs to Line 5 of the subway, running from Pantitlán station to Politécnico station. It is located just outside the national terminal. Also, trolley bus line 4 runs from the bus stop next to the Metro to Boulevard Puerto Aéreo station 1.7 km (1.1 mi) away, allowing transfer to Metro Line 1 (one can also take line 5 to Pantitlán and change to line 1, which is a geographical detour). Terminal 2 does not have any metro station near, but is a 700 m (2,300 ft) walk from Pantitlán, served by Metro lines 1, 5, 9, A, and numerous local buses.

Terminals 1 and 2 have two land terminals operating 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Different bus lines operate from here [1], and provide continuous transportation services to the main cities located around Mexico City, such as Córdoba, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala and Toluca.

Metrobús[edit]

Public Transport between terminals 1 and 2.

In late 2010, former Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from near Buenavista railway station in the west of the city towards Mexico City airport. Construction on Line 4 started on July 4, 2011. The plans for Line 4 included a two-step construction process with the first 28 km (17 mi) operational segment to be built between Colonia Buenavista and San Lázaro station. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport. The line opened on April 1, 2012 with two stations, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2.[57]

Service Destinations [departing from the airport] Operator
Mexico City Metrobús Line 4 icon.svg San Lázaro, TAPO bus station, Historic Centre, Buenavista metro station, Buenavista railway station Metrobús de la Ciudad de México.png Metrobús, a government-owned corporation.

Authorized taxis[edit]

Taxis are in operation in Terminals 1 and 2 and there are two models of service: Ordinary service in a sedan type vehicle for 4 passengers. Executive service in 8 passenger vans. There are 5 taxi groups in operation. These are the only taxis authorized by the Ministry of Communications and Transport (SCT) of the Federal Government.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On September 26, 1949, a Mexicana de Aviacion DC-3 crashed on to the Popocatepetl volcano while approaching the airport with clouds and turbulence en route from Tapachula; all 23 on board, including actress Blanca Estela Pavon, lost their lives.[58]
  • On April 10, 1968, an Aerovías Rojas Douglas R4D-3 crashed on approach, killing all eighteen people on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled passenger flight, which was the airline's inaugural flight from Aguascalientes International Airport to Mexico City.[59]
  • On October 31, 1979, Western Airlines Flight 2605 crash-landed. The crew of the DC-10 landed on a closed runway and hit construction vehicles on the runway. There were 73 fatalities (including one on the ground) and 16 survivors.[60][61]
  • On December 12, 1981, a bomb exploded inside the passenger cabin of a parked Aeronica Boeing 727-100, tearing a hole into the fuselage. The captain, two flight attendants, and a groundworker were injured. They had been on board the aircraft for pre-departure checks for a scheduled passenger flight to San Salvador and onwards to Managua's Augusto C. Sandino International Airport.[62]
  • An Aero California DC-9-15 overran a runway on July 21, 2004, during an intense storm at the airport. There were no victims, but the aircraft was scrapped. However, a woman died later due to a heart attack.[63]
  • On November 4, 2008, a Mexican Interior Ministry LearJet 45 crashed on approach around 18:45 local time. On board were Mexican Secretary of the Interior Juan Camilo Mouriño, who was a top aide to President Felipe Calderón. Mouriño was in charge of the fight against the drug trade in Mexico. Also on board was José Luis Santiago Vasconcelos, former assistant attorney general and current head of the federal technical secretariat for implementing the recent constitutional reforms on criminal justice and public security. All eight on board perished along with eight others on the ground. 40 others on the ground were injured. The crash was attributed to pilot error.[64]
  • On September 9, 2009, hijacked Aeroméxico Flight 576 landed at Mexico City International Airport from Cancún International Airport.[65]
  • On September 13, 2009, a Lufthansa Cargo McDonnell-Douglas MD-11 was damaged in a heavy landing. Post landing inspection revealed that there were wrinkles in the fuselage skin and the nose gear was bent.[66] According to a Lufthansa spokesman, the aircraft would be repaired and returned into full service.[67]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Airport information for MEX at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
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External links[edit]