Mexico City Metrobús
Metrobús on Insurgentes station
|Service type||bus rapid transit|
|Daily ridership||1,800,000 daily (est. 2018)|
|Website||www.metrobus.df.gob.mx (in Spanish)|
The Mexico City Metrobús (officially Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del Distrito Federal and simply known as Metrobús) is a bus rapid transit (BRT) system that has served Mexico City since line 1 opened on June 19, 2006. As of February 2018, it consists of seven lines that cross the city and connect with other forms of transit, such as the Mexico City Metro. The most recent line to open was line 7, running for the first time double-decker buses along the city's iconic boulevard, Paseo de la Reforma.
In 2016, Metrobús carried on average 1,152,603 passengers on weekdays.
Line 1 replaced 372 standard buses and microbuses that served Avenida de los Insurgentes with 212 articulated buses that run at an average speed of 20 km/h (12 mph), doing 60 km/h (37 mph) as maximum. Doing so, travel times along the corridor were reduced up to 50%.
Besides addressing the bus service problem, the BRT Metrobús project emerged in the context of the city's efforts to reduce air pollution with a program called Proaire 2002-2010. According to Metrobús, annual environmental benefits include a reduction of 35,400 long tons (36,000 t) of carbon dioxide, 9,700 long tons (9,900 t) of carbon monoxide, 206 long tons (209 t) of NOx, and 1.27 long tons (1.29 t) of PM10 particulates
Passenger access and payment
Ticketing is by pre-paid proximity smartcard, which travellers have to pass through turnstiles at the entry to the separated bus platforms. During the early months of the system's operations, limited availability of the cards required a temporary method for access to the system involving purchasing a normal single-trip paper ticket at a cost of MXN$4.50. Starting in October 2005, and with smartcard supply able to cover the demand, access is done exclusively by using the card.
As of 2014, the single-trip cost is MXN$6.00 (USD$0.45). A new MB smartcard, preloaded with one voyage, can be purchased for MXN$16.00 and "recharged" for MXN$6.00 per trip. There is a supplemental fee of MXN$30.00 for trips to or from the airport.
The smartcard system has generated controversy, especially from occasional and one-time users who complain about the MXN$16.00 fee for a single-voyage card, for this is common that sometimes people ask others who have the smartcard to charge for them a trip.
Service is free for those over 70 years old, or disabled, as well as for children under 5 accompanied by an adult.
Lines and hours
The line starts at Metro Indios Verdes, a large multimodal transport node in the Gustavo A. Madero borough. From there it runs south, through Cuauhtémoc and Benito Juárez, before terminating in the La Joya district of Tlalpan borough, providing a total of 45 stations. It was built in two sections, with a split at Metro Insurgentes, the notional dividing point between the avenue's northern and southern stretches, just south of where Avenida Insurgentes intersects with Paseo de la Reforma.
The first line covers a distance of up to 30 kilometres (19 mi), running in a dedicated bus lane built within the central reservation (median) of Avenida de los Insurgentes. Avenida Insurgentes is one of the city's main north–south arterial routes, constitutes a section of the Pan-American Highway, and is reputed to be the longest urban avenue in the world.
On its route south from Indios Verdes, the Metrobús also connects with Metro stations at Deportivo 18 de Marzo, Potrero, La Raza, Buenavista, Revolución, Insurgentes, and Chilpancingo, providing connections with Metro Lines 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, and 9. The proposed southward extension of Mexico City Metro Line 7 will also enable that line to connect at the Metrobús' original southernmost station, Doctor Gálvez.
The first metrobus service began along the northernmost portion of Line 1 on June 19, 2005. Initial service was from Metro Indios Verdes south to Metro Insurgentes. This was quickly followed by a southward expansion from Metro Insurgentes to MB station Doctor Gálvez, bringing the line length up to 20 kilometres (12 mi). Many of the stations along Line 1 feature cantilevered glass canopies designed by architect Carlos Monge.
The original Line 1 was expanded with the inclusion of nine new stations in order to achieve full coverage of Avenida Insurgentes. The southward expansion of service along Line 1 started service on March 13, 2008 and brought the line's length up to 30 kilometres (19 mi).
Line 2 runs 20 kilometres (12 mi) along Eje 4 Sur from Tacubaya in the west, where there is a connection to the Metro Tacubaya station; via Etiopía, Patriotismo and crossing Line 1 (Insurgentes) at Nuevo León, to Tepalcates in the east, where there is a connection to the Metro Tepalcates station. The line opened on December 16, 2009.
According to the Mexican newspaper, El Universal, construction of the first 16 km (9.9 mi) of Línea 3 (line 3) began on March 5, 2010 and was scheduled to end in April 2011. However, service along Line 3 started on February 8, 2011. During construction, for every tree taken down three were planted, for a total of 1,546 trees planted. In addition, it was estimated that Line 3 will carry 100,000 passengers per day. Travel time will be reduced by up to 40%.
Line 3 opened on February 8, 2011.
In late 2010 the Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build the new line. Construction on Line 4 started on July 4, 2011, although the start of construction was met with some protest from residents and business owners along the proposed route.
Line 4 included a two-step construction process with the first 28-kilometre (17 mi) operational segment built between Buenavista and Metro San Lázaro. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport. Instead of travelling along a single avenue or axis road, Line 4 traffic circulates around the Centro Histórico. To navigate the turns and narrow streets in and near the Centro Histórico, Line 4 uses 12-metre-long (39 ft) light buses instead of the 18-metre (59 ft) articulated buses used on the other lines in the system. The stations for Line 4 look more like conventional bus stops and are built at curbside instead of within a dedicated portion of a central reservation as used on the other lines.
Line 4 opened on April 1, 2012.
Line 7 opened on February 28, 2018, with service along the city's iconic boulevard, Paseo de la Reforma, on part of the line from Monumento Cuitláhuac to La Diana. The complete line will run from Indios Verdes to Campo Marte (one station west of Auditorio), using a fleet of 90 Alexander Dennis Enviro500 double-decker buses with a capacity of 130 passengers each.
The MB operates from 04:30 to 24:00 (midnight) Monday through Friday, and from 05:00 to 24:00 on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays. Hours for individual stations may vary in the mornings. A flash-based map of the system is available at the Metrobús website.
- Suárez, Gerardo. "Inician pruebas con pasajeros en Línea 7 del Metrobús" (in Spanish). El Universal. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "Informe Anual 2016" (PDF) (in Spanish). Metrobús. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
- Metrobús, EMBARQ website, archived from the original on 3 July 2013
- "PROAIRE 2002-2010" (in Spanish). Secretaría del Medio Ambiente del Gobierno del Distrito Federal. 12 July 2004. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- Metrobús. "Tarifas y formas de pago". Metrobús (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 February 2019.
- "Metrobús – Ciudad de México: Gratuidad" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Metrobús – Ciudad de México: Ficha técnica de Línea 1" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Metrobus" (in Spanish). Fideicomiso para el Mejoramiento de las Vías de Comunicación del Distrito Federal. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Metrobús – Ciudad de México: Mapa de Sistema" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Metrobús – Ciudad de México: Ficha técnica de Línea 2" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Metrobús – Ciudad de México: Ficha técnica de Línea 3" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- Balboa, Berenice (12 May 2010). "Aceleran construcción de la Línea 3 del Metrobús". El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 May 2010.
- Robles, Johana (28 November 2010). "L-4 de Metrobús arranca a principios de 2011: GDF". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- Robles, Johana (4 July 2011). "Inicia construcción de L4 del Metrobús". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- Robles, Johana (4 July 2011). "Comerciantes se manifiestan contra L4 de Metrobús". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- "Metrobús – Ciudad de México: Línea 4" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores deTransporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Archived from the original on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Abre L5 del Metrobús con servicio gratis", Reforma, 5 November 2013
- "Línea 5 resultados". Metrobús. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- "Información línea 7", Metrobus official website
- "Metrobús – Ciudad de México: FAQ" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mexico City Metrobús.|
- Metrobús official website – In Spanish