Mexico City Metrobús
Metrobús on Insurgentes station
|Service type||bus rapid transit|
|Fleet||269 Articulated buses
+ 35 Bi-articulated buses
= 304 total
|Daily ridership||900,000 daily (Dec. 2013)|
The Mexico City Metrobús (officially Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del Distrito Federal and simply known as Metrobús) is a bus rapid transit (BRT) system that has served Mexico City since 2005. As of November 2013 it comprises five lines that traverse the city and connect with other forms of transit, namely the Mexico City Metro. It was officially opened to the public with service along line 1 on 19 June 2005.
As of December 2013, Metrobús buses transported 900,000 passengers daily.
The Mexico City Metrobús was opened along the northernmost portion of Line 1 on 19 June 2005. Initial service was from Metro Indios Verdes south to Metro Insurgentes. This was quickly followed by a southward expansion from Metro Insurgentes to MB station Doctor Gálvez, bringing the line length up to 20 kilometres (12 mi). Many of the stations along Line 1 feature cantilevered glass canopies designed by architect Carlos Monge.
Before and after
The system replaced 372 standard buses and microbuses that served Avenida de los Insurgentes with 212 articulated buses that run at an average speed of 20 km/h (12 mph), doing 60 km/h (37 mph) as maximum. Doing so, travel times along the corridor are reduced up to 50%.
Besides addressing the bus service problem, the BRT Metrobús project emerged in the context of the city’s efforts to reduce Air pollution in Mexico City with a program called Proaire 2002-2010. According to Metrobús, annual environmental benefits include a reduction of 35,400 long tons (36,000 t) of carbon dioxide, 9,700 long tons (9,900 t) of carbon monoxide, 206 long tons (209 t) of NOx, and 1.27 long tons (1.29 t) of PM10 particulates
The original Line 1 was expanded with the inclusion of nine new stations in order to achieve full coverage of Avenida Insurgentes. The southward expansion of service along Line 1 started service on 13 March 2008 and brought the line's length up to 30 kilometres (19 mi).
A second Metrobús line was built in 2009, running east to west along Eje 4 Sur. This second line connects Metro Tacubaya, Etiopía, Patriotismo and with the Insurgentes Metrobús at its Nuevo León stop, and was opened on 16 December 2009.
According to the Mexican newspaper, El Universal, construction of the first 16 km (9.9 mi) of Línea 3 (line 3) began on 5 March 2010 and was scheduled to end in April 2011. However, service along Line 3 started on 8 February 2011. During construction, for every tree taken down three were planted, for a total of 1,546 trees planted. In addition, it was estimated that Line 3 will carry 100,000 passengers per day. Travel time will be reduced by up to 40%.
In late 2010 the Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from Buenavista Station in the west of the city eastward towards Mexico City International Airport. Construction on Line 4 started on 4 July 2011, although the start of construction was met with some protest from residents and business owners along the proposed route.
It is planned to open Line 7 in 2017, it will run along Paseo de la Reforma connecting Metro Indios Verdes with Periferico with a fleet of approximately 80 Alexander Dennis Enviro500 Double-decker buses.
Passenger access and payment
Ticketing is by pre-paid proximity smartcard, which travellers have to pass through turnstiles at the entry to the separated bus platforms. During the early months of the system's operations, limited availability of the cards required a temporary method for access to the system involving purchasing a normal single-trip paper ticket at a cost of MXN$4.50. Starting in October 2005, and with smartcard supply able to cover the demand, access is done exclusively by using the card.
As of 2014, the single-trip cost is MXN$6.00 (about € 0.27 or US$ 0.38) A new MB smartcard, preloaded with one voyage, can be purchased for MXN$10.00 (≈ € 0.80/US$ 1.14) and "recharged" for MXN$6.00 per trip.
The smartcard system has generated controversy, especially from occasional and one-time users who complain about the MXN$15.00 fee for a single-voyage card, for this is common that sometimes people ask others who have the smartcard to charge for them a trip.
Service is free for those over 70 years old, or disabled, as well as for children under 5 accompanied by an adult.
Routes and hours
The first line covers a distance of up to 30 kilometres (19 mi), running in a dedicated bus lane built within the central reservation (median) of Avenida de los Insurgentes. Avenida Insurgentes is one of the city's main north–south arterial routes, constitutes a section of the Pan-American Highway, and is reputed to be the longest urban avenue in the world.
The line starts at Metro Indios Verdes, a large multimodal transport node in the Gustavo A. Madero borough. From there it runs south, through Cuauhtémoc and Benito Juárez, before terminating in the La Joya district of Tlalpan borough, providing a total of 45 stations. It was built in two sections, with a split at Metro Insurgentes, the notional dividing point between the avenue's northern and southern stretches, just south of where Avenida Insurgentes intersects with Paseo de la Reforma.
On its route south from Indios Verdes, the Metrobús also connects with Metro stations at Deportivo 18 de Marzo, Potrero, La Raza, Buenavista, Revolución, Insurgentes, and Chilpancingo, providing connections with Metro Lines 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, and 9. The proposed southward extension of Mexico City Metro Line 7 will also enable that line to connect at the Metrobús' original southernmost station, Doctor Gálvez.
Line 2 runs 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Tacubaya in the west, where there is a connection to the Metro Tacubaya station; to Tepalcates in the east, where there is a connection to the Metro Tepalcates station.
Line 2 opened on 16 December 2009.
Line 3 opened on 8 February 2011.
Line 4 includes a two-step construction process with the first 28-kilometre (17 mi) operational segment built between Buenavista and Metro San Lázaro. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport. Instead of travelling along a single avenue or axis road, Line 4 traffic circulates around the Centro Histórico. To navigate the turns and narrow streets in and near the Centro Histórico, Line 4 uses 12-metre-long (39 ft) light buses instead of the 18-metre (59 ft) articulated buses used on the other lines in the system. The stations for Line 4 look more like conventional bus stops and are built at curbside instead of within a dedicated portion of a central reservation as used on the other lines.
The MB operates from 04:30 to 24:00 (midnight) Monday through Friday, and from 05:00 to 24:00 on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays. Hours for individual stations may vary in the mornings. A flash-based map of the system is available at the Metrobús website.
Line 4 opened on 1 April 2012.
Line 5 runs 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Río de los Remedios in the north, where there is a connection to the Río de los Remedios station; to San Lázaro in the eastern center, where there is a connection to the Metro San Lázaro
Line 5 opened on 5 November 2013.
Line 6 runs 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Villa de Aragón in the east, where there is a connection to the Villa de Aragón station; to El Rosario in the west, where there is a connection to the Metro El Rosario.
Line 6 opened on 21 January 2016.
- "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: FAQ" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- Metrobus brochure, December 2013, Mexico City government
- "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Ficha técnica de Línea 1" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Metrobus" (in Spanish). Fideicomiso para el Mejoramiento de las Vías de Comunicación del Distrito Federal. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- Metrobús, EMBARQ website
- "PROAIRE 2002-2010" (in Spanish). Secretaría del Medio Ambiente del Gobierno del Distrito Federal. 12 July 2004. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Ficha técnica de Línea 2" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- Balboa, Berenice (12 May 2010). "Aceleran construcción de la Línea 3 del Metrobús". El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-05-19.
- "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Ficha técnica de Línea 3" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- Robles, Johana (28 November 2010). "L-4 de Metrobús arranca a principios de 2011: GDF". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- Robles, Johana (4 July 2011). "Inicia construcción de L4 del Metrobús". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- Robles, Johana (4 July 2011). "Comerciantes se manifiestan contra L4 de Metrobús". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- "Abre L5 del Metrobús con servicio gratis", Reforma, 5 November 2013
- "Línea 5 resultados". Metrobús. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Gratuidad" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Mapa de Sistema" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores de Transporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "Metrobús - Ciudad de México: Línea 4" (in Spanish). Sistema de Corredores deTransporte Público de Pasajeros del D.F., Metrobús. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mexico City Metrobús.|
- Metrobús official website - In Spanish