Mexico and the United Nations
|United Nations membership|
|Since||November 7, 1945|
|Permanent Representative||Juan José Gómez Camacho|
Mexico is one of the 51 founding members of the United Nations and was admitted into the organization in 1945. Since then, Mexico is a full member of all the UN agencies and participates actively within the organization and has diplomatic relations with most member states.
Mexico's role in the UN
On 26 June 1945, Mexico was represented in San Francisco by Ezequiel Padilla Peñaloza, Francisco Castillo Nájera and Manuel Tello Baurraud in the signing of the United Nations Charter. The country was formally admitted into the organization on 7 November 1945. Since the beginning, Mexico has participated actively in the social and economic activities of the UN's various specialized agencies and other international organizations concerned with social, cultural, and economic improvement. However, due to restraints in the Mexican constitution, Mexico is prohibited from contributing troops for peacekeeping missions abroad unless Mexico has formally declared war on a country. Calls have been made from Mexican politicians to amend the constitution (mainly article 76) in order to partake in UN peacekeeping missions. This situation started to change after President Enrique Peña Nieto's address to the General Assembly on 24 September 2014, when he stated that "Mexico has taken the decision to participate in U.N. peacekeeping missions, taking part in humanitarian tasks that benefit civil society".
Mexico has been elected four times to the United Nations Security Council. The Mexican Government is vehemently opposed to adding new members to the Security Council. Mexico and eight other countries created a group called the "Uniting for Consensus" (also known as the Coffee Club), where they are opposed to new permanent members, however they would like to raise the number of more non-permanent members to 20.
List of terms as an elected member to the Security Council:
- Naciones Unidas-Centro de Información Archived 2013-01-22 at the Wayback Machine(Spanish)
- Diputados, en favor de derogar neutralidad en guerras(Spanish)
- "In historic U-turn, Mexico to join U.N. peacekeeping missions". Reuters. 2014-09-24. Retrieved 2016-06-14.
- Uniting for Consensus[permanent dead link]
- UN Security Council member country information
- Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs(Spanish)
- Official website of the Permanent Mission of Mexico to the UN
- Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mexico
- Official website of the United Nations
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