Mezhdurechensky District, Vologda Oblast

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Mezhdurechensky District
Междуреченский район (Russian)
Location of Mezhdurechensky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location of Mezhdurechensky District in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°22′N 41°02′E / 59.367°N 41.033°E / 59.367; 41.033Coordinates: 59°22′N 41°02′E / 59.367°N 41.033°E / 59.367; 41.033
Gerb-Mezhdurechensky-region.gif
Flag of Mezhdurechensky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat of arms of Mezhdurechensky District
Flag of Mezhdurechensky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of March 2010)
Administrative center selo of Shuyskoye[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
selsoviet 8
Inhabited localities:[2]
Rural localities 156
Municipal structure (as of June 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Mezhdurechensky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 5
Statistics
Area 3,600 km2 (1,400 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 6,112 inhabitants[5]
• Urban 0%
• Rural 100%
Density 1.7/km2 (4.4/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established July 15, 1929[8]
Official website
Mezhdurechensky District on WikiCommons

Mezhdurechensky District (Russian: Междуре́ченский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Sokolsky District in the north, Totemsky District in the northeast, Soligalichsky District of Kostroma Oblast in the southeast, Gryazovetsky District in the south, and with Vologodsky District in the west. The area of the district is 3,600 square kilometers (1,400 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Shuyskoye.[2] District's population: 6,112 (2010 Census);[5] 7,641 (2002 Census);[9] 9,361 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Shuyskoye accounts for 36.8% of the district's total population.[9] As of 2010, Mezhdurechensky District had the lowest population among all the districts of Vologda Oblast.

Geography[edit]

The mouth of the Voya River, seen from the Ikhalitsa River

Mezhdurechensky District is elongated from west to east and is organized along the Sukhona River, which in the western part of the district forms the border with Sokolsky District, and to the east enters the district and crosses it in the easterly direction. The biggest tributaries of the Sukhona within the district are the Lezha (right), the Dvinitsa (left), the Shuya (right), and the Ikhalitsa (right). A few rivers in the areas in the south of the district drain into the Monza River, which belongs to the basin of the Kostroma River. The district thus lies on the divide between the basins of the Northern Dvina and Volga Rivers, or between the Arctic Ocean and the Caspian Sea.

Considerable areas within the district are covered by coniferous forests.

Swamps cover up to 14% of the district's territory.[11] The biggest one is the Bolshaya Chist Swamp located between the valleys of the Sukhona and the Tolshma and shared by Totemsky and Mezhdurechensky Districts and Kostroma Oblast. The area of the swamp is about 200 square kilometers (77 sq mi), making it the largest swamp in Vologda Oblast; the major part of it is treeless.[12]

History[edit]

The area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples and then colonized by the Novgorod Republic. The principal direction of the colonization was along the Sukhona, which at the time was the main waterway connecting central Russia with the White Sea. In the 15th century, the area gradually fell under the control of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, after being split into insignificant principalities such as the Principality of Avnega. The selo of Shuyskoye was first mentioned in 1555 as Shuysky Nizovets and achieved prominence in the 17th century as a settlement of shipbuilders, delivering ships mainly to Vologda. In 1370, Avnezhsky Monastery was established on the bank of the Sukhona at the mouth of the Avnega River.[11][13]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Archangelgorod Governorate. In 1780, the governorate was abolished and transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty. The viceroyalty was abolished in 1796, and the part of it which included the area of what is now Mezhdurechensky District was made into Vologda Governorate. The area was split between Totemsky, Gryazovetsky, and Vologodsky Uyezds.

On July 15, 1929, several governorates, including Vologda Governorate, were merged into Northern Krai, and the uyezds were abolished. Instead, Shuysky District with the administrative center in the selo of Shuyskoye was established as a part of Vologda Okrug. In 1931, Shuysky District was renamed Mezhdurechensky. In the following years, the first-level administrative division of Russia kept changing. In 1936, Northern Krai was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast. Mezhdurechensky District remained in Vologda Oblast ever since.

On July 15, 1929, Tolshmensky District with the administrative center in the selo of Krasnoye[14] was also established. On July 30, 1931, it was abolished and divided between Shuysky and Totemsky Districts.[8]

On January 25, 1935, Biryakovsky District was established on the lands which previously belonged to Sokolsky and Mezhdurechensky Districts. The administrative center of the district became the selo of Biryakovo, currently in Sokolsky District. In 1959, it was abolished and split between Sokolsky and Mezhdurechensky Districts.[8]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The economy of the district is based on timber industry. There is also food industry, soft drink production in particular.[11]

Agriculture[edit]

As of 2010, there were five state enterprises and twenty farms in the district. They are mostly engaged in milk production.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Shuyskoye is connected by an all-seasonal road with Vologda and Gryazovets. There are no bridges over the Sukhona in the district, and in order to get from one bank of the Sukhona to the other bank by car, one needs to detour via Vologda and Kadnikov.

The only railroad in the district is the Monza Railroad, built for timber transport and operated by the timber production authorities, which runs along the border of Vologda and Kostroma Oblasts. The railroad crosses the southern part of Mezhdurechensky District. The plans to extend it further east to Nikolsk were never realized.[15]

The Sukhona is navigable within the district limits; however, there is no passenger navigation.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains one archaeological monument of federal significance (the Chudinovo site) and three historical monuments of local significance.[16]

There are two museums in the district, both located in Shuyskoye: the Mezhdurechensky District Museum and Nikolay Rubtsov Memorial Museum.[17] Nikolay Rubtsov, a Russian poet, never lived in Shuyskoye; however, he studied and worked in Totma, and his girlfriend at the time was living in Shuyskoye. It is presumed that Rubtsov visited Shuyskoye on at least two occasions.

Aleksandr Korkin, a Russian mathematician, was born in Shuyskoye, but left for Vologda to study in the secondary school and never lived in Shuyskoye afterwards.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #371-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Resolution #178
  3. ^ a b c Law #1118-OZ
  4. ^ a b Судаков, Г. В. (2006). Г. В. Судаков, ed. Вологодская энциклопедия (PDF) (in Russian). Вологда: ВГПУ, Русь. p. 315. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved October 18, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved September 20, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d О районе (in Russian). Администрация Междуреченского района. Retrieved October 25, 2011. 
  12. ^ Болото Великая Чисть (in Russian). turovec.ru. Archived from the original on October 10, 2011. Retrieved October 15, 2011. 
  13. ^ Исторические события (in Russian). Департамент развития муниципальных образований Вологодской области. Retrieved October 27, 2011. 
  14. ^ Кузнецов, А.В. (1997). Русские топонимы Тотемского края. In: Тотьма: Краеведческий альманах. Вып. 2. Старинные города Вологодской области (in Russian). Вологда: Русь. pp. 37–83. Retrieved October 8, 2011. 
  15. ^ Белихов, А. Б. (2009). А.М. Белов, А.В. Новиков, ed. Развитие железных дорог Костромского края в ХХ веке. II Романовские чтения. Центр и провинция в системе российской государственности: материалы конференции. Кострома: КГУ им. Н.А. Некрасова. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  16. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  17. ^ Культура (in Russian). Администрация Междуреченского района. Retrieved October 26, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1118-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Междуреченского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1118-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Mezhdurechensky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).