Mgahinga Gorilla National Park

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Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
Map showing the location of Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
Location of Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
Location Kisoro District
Nearest city Kisoro
Coordinates 01°22′10″S 29°38′25″E / 1.36944°S 29.64028°E / -1.36944; 29.64028Coordinates: 01°22′10″S 29°38′25″E / 1.36944°S 29.64028°E / -1.36944; 29.64028
Area 33.7 km2 (13.0 sq mi)
Governing body Ugandan Wildlife Authority

The Mgahinga Gorilla National Park (MGNP) is in the Kisoro District of far south-western Uganda.


The park is in the Virunga Mountains and in the Albertine Rift montane forests ecoregion. Totaling about 33.7 square kilometres (13.0 sq mi), it is the smallest of Uganda's national parks.[citation needed]

The park is about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi), by road, south of the town of Kisoro and approximately 55 kilometres (34 mi), by road, west of Kabale, the largest city in the sub-region.[1] The park is located within Bufumbira county of the Kisoro District.[citation needed]

MGNP includes three of the eight Virunga Mountains volcanoes: Mount Muhabura, Mount Gahinga, and Mount Sabyinyo. These dormant volcanoes are international mountains, with Muhabura and Gahinga on the Uganda/Rwanda border, and Sabyinyo a tripoint on the Uganda/Rwanda/Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) borders.


A Mountain gorilla in the park.

MGNP and the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park are the only parks within Uganda that protect habitat for the mountain gorilla, an IUCN Red List endangered species. MGNP's protected area is contiguous with the Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and Virunga National Park in the DRC. These parks form the 434 square kilometres (168 sq mi) Virunga Conservation Area (VCA) for mountain gorilla habitat. MGNP protects about 8 percent of the total VCA.[2]

MGNP also protects tropical moist broadleaf forests of the Afromontane Albertine Rift montane forests ecoregion.[citation needed]

The park experiences two wet rainy seasons: February to May; and September to December. The average amount of monthly rainfall varies from 250 millimetres (9.8 in) in October to 10 millimetres (0.39 in) in July.[3]


The park was established in 1991.[citation needed]

On 7 November 2013, the M23 Movement, a Congolese rebel group, surrendered in the park after being defeated by the Congolese Army in the M23 rebellion.[4]

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