Mglin

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Mglin

Мглин
Coat of arms of Mglin
Coat of arms
Location of Mglin
Mglin is located in Russia
Mglin
Mglin
Location of Mglin
Mglin is located in Bryansk Oblast
Mglin
Mglin
Mglin (Bryansk Oblast)
Coordinates: 53°03′N 32°51′E / 53.050°N 32.850°E / 53.050; 32.850Coordinates: 53°03′N 32°51′E / 53.050°N 32.850°E / 53.050; 32.850
CountryRussia
Federal subjectBryansk Oblast[1]
Administrative districtMglinsky District[2]
Urban Administrative OkrugMglinsky[2]
First mentioned1389
Town status since1781
Elevation
180 m (590 ft)
Population
 • Total7,916
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
7,578 (-4.3%)
 • Capital ofMglinsky District[1], Mglinsky Urban Administrative Okrug[2]
 • Municipal districtMglinsky Municipal District[5]
 • Urban settlementMglinskoye Urban Settlement[5]
 • Capital ofMglinsky Municipal District[5], Mglinskoye Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
243220Edit this on Wikidata
Dialing code(s)+7 48339
OKTMO ID15636101001

Mglin (Russian: Мглин, Polish: Mglin) is a town and the administrative center of Mglinsky District in Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Sudynka River 167 kilometers (104 mi) west of Bryansk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 7,916 (2010 Census);[3] 8,261 (2002 Census);[8] 7,704 (1989 Census).[9]

History

Historical affiliations

Grand Duchy of Lithuania ca. 1389–1502
Grand Duchy of Moscow 1502–1547
Tsardom of Russia 1547–1607
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1607–1667
Tsardom of Russia 1667–1721
 Russian Empire 1721–1917
Russia Russian Republic 1917
Soviet Russia 1917–1922
 Soviet Union 1922–1991
 Russian Federation 1991–present

Mglin was first mentioned in 1389, though the settlement it was built on had existed since the 12th century.[citation needed]

During World War II, Mglin was occupied by the German Army from 16 August 1941 to 22 September 1943. Prior to the war, 726 Jews lived in the town. The majority of Jews were merchants and artisans. There was also a Jewish kolkhoz. There was a synagogue in the town, but it was closed before the war. Some of the Jews managed to evacuate before the Germans arrived. Shortly after the occupation, all of the Jews were registered and marked. In January 1942, they were confined to a prison, where they stayed till the execution on March 02, 1942. While in prison, the Jews were used for forced labor. Before being executed, the Jews had to undress to underwear in the little house, which used to be a morgue, situated about 500m from the mass grave. The shooting was carried out by a special German punitive unit in black uniforms and around 500 people were killed.[10]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mglin serves as the administrative center of Mglinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Mglinsky District as Mglinsky Urban Administrative Okrug.[2] As a municipal division, Mglinsky Urban Administrative Okrug is incorporated within Mglinsky Municipal District as Mglinskoye Urban Settlement.[5]

Religion

The Dormition Cathedral in Mglin

The Dormition Cathedral, built in 1815–1830 in the Neoclassical style, functions in the town.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Law #13-Z
  2. ^ a b c d Law #69-Z
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e Law #3-Z
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ http://yahadmap.org/#village/mglin-bryansk-russia.520

Sources

  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №13-З от 5 июня 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Брянской области», в ред. Закона №4-З от 5 февраля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Брянской области». Опубликован: "Брянский рабочий", №119, 24 июня 1997 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #13-Z of June 5, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #4-Z of February 5, 2014 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Bryansk Oblast. ).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №69-З от 2 ноября 2012 г. «Об образовании городских административных округов, поселковых административных округов, сельских административных округов, установлении границ, наименований и административных центров административных округов в Брянской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2013 г. Опубликован: Информационный бюллетень "Официальная Брянщина", №16, 6 ноября 2012 г.. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #69-Z of November 2, 2002 On the Establishment of Urban Administrative Okrugs, Settlement Administrative Okrugs, Rural Administrative Okrugs, on Establishing Borders, Names, and Administrative Centers of the Administrative Okrugs of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2013.).
  • Брянская областная Дума. Закон №3-З от 9 марта 2005 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований статусом статусом городского округа, муниципального района, городского поселения, сельского поселения и установлении границ муниципальных образований в Брянской области», в ред. Закона №75-З от 28 сентября 2015 г. «Об изменении статуса населённого пункта посёлок Красный Ятвиж Клетнянского района Брянской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Брянская неделя", №13, 8 апреля 2005 г. (Bryansk Oblast Duma. Law #3-Z of March 9, 2005 On Granting the Municipal Formations the Status of Urban Okrug, Municipal District, Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement and on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Bryansk Oblast, as amended by the Law #75-Z of September 28, 2015 On Changing the Status of the Inhabited Locality the Settlement of Krasny Yatvizh in Kletnyansky District of Bryansk Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).

External links