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Miage-nyūdō is a type of yōkai told about on Sado Island (Sado, Niigata Prefecture). They are a type of mikoshi-nyūdō.[1]


When climbing a small slope at night, something taking on the appearance of a little bōzu would appear in front, and by looking up, it would become taller, and the person looking at it would fall down backwards. It is said that by chanting "miage-nyūdō, I've seen past you (見上入道、見越した)" and lying down forwards, it would disappear.[1] In Hamochi, Sado District (now a part of Sado), it is said that the miage-nyūdō that appears at a place called Tsujidō would steal food and money from travelers.[2]

In Utami, Ryōtsu (now a part of Sado), it is said that they are in places where trees grow thickly and is dim even at noon, and that a large stone called the "miage-ishi (look up stone)" has shapeshifted into a nyūdō. Once, a traveler met this, and by chanting "miage-nyūdō, I've seen past you" and striking it with a rod, the nyūdō disappeared. It is said that afterwards, when a jizō was deified above the rock, the nyūdō no longer appeared.[3]

Also, in a legend of Akadomari (now a part of Sado), Sado District, there was a miage-nyūdō that squashed and killed night travelers, but it once accidentally fell to the bottom of a ravine, and since it was helped by someone under the condition that it would "no longer attack people" and to "stay away from that place," it no longer appeared there, and it is said that this ravine started to be called the "nyūdō marsh."[4]

In Hatano, Sado District (now a part of Sado), it is said that when those who meet a miage-nyūdō say, "the miage-nyūdō I saw before was much larger" and thus challenge it, and since its feet would thus become thinner, a violent sound would result, and the miage-nyūdō would fall down.[5]

In GeGeGe no Kitaro, it appeared taking on the appearance of the yōkai, the aobōzu appeared,[6] but they are completely unrelated.


  1. ^ a b 柳田國男 (1977). 妖怪談義. 講談社学術文庫. 講談社. pp. 208頁. ISBN 978-4-06-158135-7.
  2. ^ 野村純一他 (May 1993). "世間話". 伝承文芸 (18号): 84–85頁.
  3. ^ 小山直嗣 (1996). 新潟県伝説集成 佐渡篇. 恒文社. pp. 43頁. ISBN 978-4-7704-0854-9.
  4. ^ 新潟県伝説集成 佐渡篇. pp. 342頁.
  5. ^ 小堀美和他 (August 2001). "新潟県佐渡郡畑野町昔話集". 伝承文芸 (20号): 73頁.
  6. ^ 京極夏彦・多田克己・村上健司 (2008). 完全復刻 妖怪馬鹿. 新潮文庫. 新潮社. pp. 348頁. ISBN 978-4-10-135351-7.

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