Miami-Dade Police Department
|Miami-Dade Police Department|
Patch and Badge of the Miami-Dade Police Department
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||County (U.S.) of Miami-Dade in the state of Florida, United States|
|Size||2,431 sq mi (6,300 km2)|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD), formerly known as the Metro-Dade Police Department (1981–1997), Dade County Public Safety Department (1957–1981) and the Dade County Sheriff's Office (1836–1957) is a Full Service County Police Department serving Miami-Dade County, Florida's unincorporated areas, although they have lenient mutual aid agreements with other incorporated municipalities, most often the City of Miami Police Department. The MDPD has approximately 4,700 employees. The Department is still often referred by its former name, the Metro-Dade Police or simply Metro. Miami-Dade Police officers are easily identified by their taupe/brown colored uniforms. Miami-Dade Police vehicles are identified by their green and white livery. MDPD officers carry silver badges, while officers with the ranks of sergeant and above carry gold badges.
The MDPD operates out of nine district stations throughout Miami-Dade County and several specialized bureaus. The MDPD is internationally accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies, as well as at the state level by the Florida Commission for Law Enforcement Accreditation. The current director of the department is J.D. Patterson, who succeeded James Loftus. The department's headquarters are located in Doral, Florida.
The Dade County Sheriff's Office was created in 1836 to serve the newly created County of Dade, which originally consisted of the area comprised by the present-day counties of Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach and Martin. In the early years, the entire area was policed by as few as three deputies on horseback, and Dade’s sheriffs were appointed by the governor. In 1899, the office of the sheriff became an elected position. By 1915, the jurisdiction area had been reduced to its present size of approximately 2,139 square miles.
In 1957, the metropolitan form of government was established, and the Dade County Sheriff's Office was subsequently renamed the Public Safety Department. The Public Safety Department’s organizational structure, as determined by the metropolitan charter, included responsibility for police and fire protection, the jail and stockade, civil defense, animal control, and motor vehicle inspection. In 1960, the Public Safety Department also assumed responsibility for police operations at the Port of Miami and Miami International Airport. By 1966, the Public Safety Department had approximately 850 sworn officers in its ranks. That year a long-standing controversy over the selection/election procedure for choosing a county sheriff was resolved by voter mandate. Subsequently, non-elected sheriffs were appointed by the county manager as "Director of the Public Safety Department and Sheriff of Metropolitan Dade County."
In 1973, the responsibility for running the county’s jails was transferred to the newly created Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. By that year, the Public Safety Department had also been divested of all other non-police responsibilities in order to concentrate entirely on law enforcement services. In July 1981, the Public Safety Department was renamed the Metro-Dade Police Department. In September 1997, voters decided to change the jurisdiction’s name to Miami-Dade County. In December of the same year, the Metro-Dade Police Department was renamed the Miami-Dade Police Department.
On September 13, 2007 four Miami-Dade Police Department officers were shot by a suspect with an AK-47, resulting in the death of one officer, Jose Somohano. Another officer suffered a serious leg injury. The suspect, Shawn Sherwin Labeet, fled the scene but was found in an apartment complex later that day. He was cornered in a poolhouse bathroom by members of Miami-Dade Police Special Response Team (equivalent to SWAT), and was shot and killed when he refused to drop a pistol he was holding.
On the morning of Thursday, January 20, 2011, two Miami-Dade Police officers were shot and killed by a homicide suspect, Johnny Sims. According to Miami-Dade Police Director James Loftus, the MDPD fugitive warrant team were assisting the U.S. Marshals Service in the city of Miami in apprehending the suspect, for whom a murder warrant had been issued. Police arrived at the suspect's mother's house and made contact with a member of the family, when the suspect surprised police by opening fire. Detective Roger Castillo, a 21-year veteran, was shot in the head and died at the scene, and Detective Amanda Haworth, a 23-year veteran, was shot several times and taken to Jackson Memorial Hospital's Ryder Trauma Center in grave condition. She underwent emergency surgery there, but died shortly thereafter. The suspect, Sims, was shot and killed by another detective at the scene.
MDPD provides law enforcement services to eight district stations throughout Miami-Dade County:
- Northwest Station (Miami Lakes)
- Northside Station (West Little River)
- Midwest Station (Doral)
- South District Station (Cutler Ridge)
- Kendall Station (Kendall)
- Intracoastal Station (North Miami Beach)
- Hammocks Station (The Hammocks)
- Airport District (Miami International Airport, Florida)
Breakdown of the makeup of the rank and file of MDPD:
- Male: 77%
- Female: 23%
- White: 42%
- Hispanic: 17%
- African-American/Black: 41%
Ranks and insignia
All rank insignia are worn on the collars of the shirt, except for sergeant and corporal, which are worn on each sleeve, below the department patch.
- Administrative Unit
- Arson Unit
- Auto Theft Unit
- Aviation Unit
- Bomb Squad
- Citizens Volunteer Program
- Communications Bureau
- Community Affairs Bureau
- Crime Scene Investigations Bureau (CSIB)
- Crime Stoppers – (305) 471-TIPS
- Critical Incident Logistics Section
- Court Services Bureau
- Economic Crimes Bureau
- Fugitive Warrant (assists US Marshal Service)
- General Investigations Unit (G.I.U.)
- Homeland Security Bureau
- Homicide Bureau
- Information Technology Services Bureau (ITSB)
- Internal Affairs
- Intelligence Bureau
- Marine Patrol
- Media Relations Bureau
- Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Internal Affairs Bureau
- Narcotics Bureau / T.N.T. (Tactical Narcotics Team)
- Neighborhood Resource Unit (N.R.U.)
- Organized Crime Section
- Personnel Management Bureau
- Police Legal Bureau
- Property and Evidence Bureau
- Public Corruption Investigations Bureau
- Robbery Bureau
- Robbery Intervention Detail (RID)
- Cargo Theft Task Force
- Street Terror Offender Program (S.T.O.P.)
- Street Gang Section (M.A.G.T.F.)
- Special Patrol Bureau (Motorcycle, D.U.I. Certified)
- Special Response Team (S.R.T.)
- Special Victims Bureau (Sexual Battery)
- Strategic Policing Operations Response Team (SPORT)
- Training Bureau
- Underwater Recovery Unit
- Southeast Regional Domestic Security Task Force
Miami-Dade Police is the law enforcement agency depicted in the television shows, films, and video games:
- Miami Vice
- CSI: Miami
- Dexter as Miami Metro Police
- Grand Theft Auto: Vice City
- Ace Ventura: Pet Detective as South Dade Police
- Cocaine Cowboys
- Miami SWAT
- Casino Royale
- Pain & Gain
- Kung Fury
- List of U.S. state and local law enforcement agencies
- Sheriff (Florida)
- Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department
- "Miami-Dade Police". Miami-Dade County. Retrieved on March 12, 2010.
- "Analysis of Potential Merger of the Miami-Dade Police Department and the Department of Corrections & Rehabilitation" (PDF). Miami-Dade County (June 2006). 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2007-06-16.
- "Contact Miami-Dade Police Department." Miami-Dade Police Department. Retrieved on September 8, 2012.
- Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics, 2000: Data for Individual State and Local Agencies with 100 or More Officers