Miami Dade College
|Dade Junior College|
Miami Dade Junior College
Miami Dade Community College
|Endowment||$491.7 million (2019)|
|Students||More than 100,000 (2019–20)|
|Colors||Blue & Gray |
|Mascot||Finn the Shark|
Miami Dade College (Miami Dade, MDC or Dade) is a public college in Miami, Florida. Founded in 1959, it has a total of eight campuses and twenty-one outreach centers throughout Miami-Dade County. It is the largest college in the Florida College System with over more than 100,000 students  and the second-largest college or university in the United States. Miami Dade College enrolls a significantly larger amount of Hispanic students each year compared to other colleges and universities in the state of Florida. Miami Dade College has 8 different campuses that make up the college and the first being the North Campus.
Initially established on the farm of a county high school, Dade County Junior College and later, Miami Dade Community College—as it was formerly known—had its modest beginnings. Like most organizations at the time, it was a segregated institution. It wasn't until 1962 that desegregation took full effect; black and white students could share full schedules together. In 1963, the first new building was constructed, and Peter Masiko would become president for the next 18 years. As the years progressed, more campuses began opening across the county: the Kendall Campus and Wolfson Campus.
Initially, the college had an open admissions policy, meaning anyone who could afford to pay was allowed to study at the campus. Due to this, the college aimed to improve its academic stance among alumni. To encourage this movement, a Medical Center was built for students in Allied Health and Nursing (RN) programs. As the number of Cuban exiles and refugees began to rise in 1980, and outreach center was built in the city of Hialeah. This allowed refugees and immigrants educational opportunities that they wouldn't be able to achieve otherwise. Another outreach center, the InterAmerican center, was built to accommodate bilingual education. The Homestead Campus was built in 1990 in Homestead to relieve the concerns of students having to drive to the Kendall Campus In Miami. In the mid-1990s, the college began to rely heavily on the Miami Dade College Foundation as the Florida legislature reduced the state's education budget. The college also had to figure out new ways of recruiting students and it began its "Successful Alumni" campaign in the late 1990s, marketing the success of the college's alumni to local prospective students.
Beginning in 2001, the college implemented a strategic plan to revamp the college and its recruiting goals. In 2002, the college disbanded its Honors Program and created The Honors College for talented high school graduates.[failed verification] The Honors College is a representation of Miami Dade College's most academically-gifted students in different fields and was originally based on the three larger campuses (Wolfson, Kendall, and North).In 2006, Miami Dade College surpassed 1.5 million students enrolled throughout its history. In 2007, The Honors College expanded into the InterAmerican Campus with The Honors College Dual Language Honors Program to tailor to the needs of the growing Spanish-speaking population in the United States as well as abroad. The Dual Language Honors Program opened its doors to bilingual students who wish to continue their careers with professional fluency in the English and Spanish languages. In 2009, The MDC Honors College Dual Language Program earned the merit of Innovation of the Year in the Learning and Teaching Department from the League for Innovation. In 2018, Miami Dade was awarded and recognized for its path to economic and social mobility by the Aspen Institute. The award received was the $1 million Aspen Prize.
|Carrie P. Meek Entrepreneurial Education Center||1989||2,500+||NA||Liberty City Miami|
2005 (Official designation)
|Homestead Campus||1990||18 acres||Downtown Homestead|
|Eduardo J. Padron Campus||1986
2001 (Official designation)
|6,500||4 acres||Little Havana, Miami|
|Kendall Campus||1967||66,500||185 acres||Kendall, Miami|
|Medical Campus||1977||NA||4.3 acres||Allapattah, Miami|
|North Campus||1960||41,000||245 acres||Westview|
|1970||27,000||15 acres||Downtown Miami|
Miami Dade College has seven campuses and two centers, with its main campus being the Wolfson Campus in downtown Miami.These eight campuses and various outreach centers are located throughout Miami-Dade County. The Honors College is currently represented on four campuses, with a new bilingual program (English-Spanish) at the Padron Campus. All campuses have different schools for various disciplines (engineering, business, etc.). Some campuses also operate dual-enrollment programs for high school students. Most campuses also have College Preparatory or English as a Second Language (ESL) courses that help students pass the Computerized Placement Test (CPT) that is required for admittance and proves prospective students are qualified to take college-level mathematics and English courses
North Campus has specialized programs that train future firefighters, police officers, and Emergency medical service personnels. It also has a School of Entertainment and Design Technology. This campus partners with Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU) for engineering programs. The North Campus operates the Carrie Meek Entrepreneurial Education Center in Liberty City. The campus also offers a Bachelor in Applied Science degree in Public Safety that is housed within the School of Justice.
Kendall Campus houses the College's athletic teams. The 185-acre campus opened in 1967. It is home to the Honors College and the Miami Dade College Foundation. Apart from the Latin Jazz experience being held at the Kendall Campus they also allow students to receive community service hours that can be apply to their degree through the CSI and Procedural Justice Camps for the youth, including those with disabilities.
The Wolfson Campus was opened in 1970 and is the only comprehensive urban campus in the city. Located within the city's financial, governmental, technological and cultural hubs, Wolfson educates over 27,000 students each year. MDC's Wolfson Campus program is designed Accelerate, Retain, Complete with Opportunities and Support and is aimed at creating a support network for 600 STEM students. Each year, this campus hosts the Miami Book Fair International, the nation's largest literary festival.The Miami Culinary Institute of Miami Dade College is located in this campus where it offers a Chefs Apprentice Program, Culinary Arts Management and an Associate in science. It is a multi-million dollar architectural project.
The goal is to keep Hispanic and other low-income high-need students engaged in the program. The campus has two art galleries, a library, and two computer courtyards. The Wolfson Campus also has business and paralegal studies programs.
Miami Dade College opened its medical campus in 1977. It is located in Miami's Medical District near downtown Miami, trains students in the Nursing (BSN/RN) and Allied Health fields, completing the Associate in Applied Science and school degree that will allow them immediate entry into health professions. The Medical Campus also offers bachelor's degrees. The campus shares its complex with The University of Miami's School of Medicine, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Veterans Administration Hospital and Miami Dade College Public Health Service This campus also offers a simulation hospital which includes 8 medical surgical rooms, 2 OB rooms, 2 pediatric rooms, 9 debriefing rooms, 1 operating room, 1 simulated ambulance, 10 exam rooms and 1 apartment as well as 17 high fidelity human patient simulators. 
The Homestead Campus contains the college's aviation program, one of thirteen schools in the nation accredited ATC-CTI (Air Traffic Control Collegiate Training Initiative) status by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). It also possesses, in addition to the Medical Campus, the Benjamin Leon School of Nursing that has trained over fifty percent of nurses in Miami-Dade County.
Eduardo J. Padrón Campus
Eduardo J. Padrón Campus is the sixth campus created by Miami Dade College. It was previously known as the InterAmerican campus, but was later changed to Eduardo J Padrón in honor of MDC's president being with the college for 50 years. This campus was first created in 1972, but didn't get the status of a "campus" til March 27, 2001. This campus contains the School of Education which offers Bachelor of Science (BS) degrees.
New World School of the Arts
The New World School of the Arts is both a high school and a college that focuses on visual arts, theatre, dance, and music. Admission requirements include an audition or review of the applicant's art portfolio. Aside from New World School of the Arts and the MEEC, there are nineteen other MDC outreach centers.
The Hialeah Campus is a former extension of the North Campus, houses a large and comprehensive English language training program for speakers of other languages in various instructional formats. Construction of a 1,000 car parking garage and a new building housing classrooms, science labs, and student services was completed in 2014. The Hialeah Campus offers associate programs and the Bachelor of Applied Science in Supervision and Management. The campus has two buildings: Building 1 has four floors, and visitors will find the library, bookstore, Public safety office, cafeteria, Student Services, Student Life, Network and Media Services, testing department, and some classrooms. The second building houses faculty offices, wet labs, and the majority of classrooms.
Established in 2007 by two faculty advisors Ivonne Lamazares and Victor Calderin, Café Cultura  is the Hialeah Campus's literary magazine. Café Cultura members collect student works of poetry, fiction, and visual arts, to name a few, and publish the content. This is a year long process and new editions are published every Fall semester. Café Cultura is the recipient of the Columbia Scholastic Press Association Golden Circle national award  and is the recipient of other notable recognitions at the state level .
The Hialeah Campus also has an academic mentorship program unique to the campus named S.C.H.O.L.A.R.S. (Service-Centered, Holistic Opportunities for Learning, Achievement, Retention and Success) . SCHOLARS' core values are empathy, leadership, communication and teamwork. This program focuses on the first year student experience by assigning a peer mentor who can help students navigate the college experience, volunteer in their community, and become changemakers . 
West Campus opened in March 2006 for students residing in or near Doral. The campus had begun construction on a new 5 story garage in January 2012; in October of the same year, the garage collapsed, this collapse resulted in the death of 4 construction workers. In 2015 the contractors and subcontractors involved in the project reached an agreement with Miami Dade College in the amount of 33.5 million dollars. This Fall, West Campus collaborated with Tesla Start, a program made for students looking to start a career in Tesla as a field technician. If passed, students will have a guaranteed position as a Field Technician as long as they accept within 30-days of completion.
Carrie P. Meek Entrepreneurial Educational Center
The Carrie P. Meek Entrepreneurial Educational Center is an outreach center founded in 1989. It is named after the first African-American women in the Florida senate, the Carrie P. Meek. The Carrie Meek Foundation Scholarship Program supports the MDC Entrepreneurial Educational Center campus based in liberty city, Miami. This is an institution based on offering young people the best possible education, mainly to impoverished neighborhoods. This campus offers college credit courses but focuses on non-credit courses and vocational programs, seminars, and workshops to train people for employment.
Out of approximately 100,000 students, on average, almost 6,000 go on to earn a bachelor's degree, associate degrees, vocational, technical, or college credit certificates. Associate in Arts transfer students from Miami Dade College go on to transfer primarily to schools within the State University System of Florida. Although, some do transfer to out-of-state institutions, mainly through articulation agreements made between institutions. As a student in Miami Dade College, you are able to pursue an Associate or bachelor's degrees in over 70 majors with the option of also taking part in non-credit courses. Students also have the opportunity to enroll in the honors program.
Although students are offered a wide variety of majors, there are currently a list of top three majors in Miami Dade College which include Liberal Arts, Humanities, Nursing, and Business. Allied Health Professions and Computer Information Systems follow these majors, naming them in the top five majors chosen by students.
In 2010, Miami Dade College's Schools of Engineering and Technology that develops students to researchers, used a million-plus U.S dollars grant from the National Science Foundation to start a computer laboratory used by students so they can apply their skills in resolving real-life-problems.
In fall of 2019, the college implemented the Tesla START program for the purpose of teaching students how to become electric vehicle technicians.
|Books and Supplies||$1,500||$1,600||$1,600||$1,500|
In the graduation year of 2016 in Miami Dade College, 13,351 degrees were awarded between undergraduate and graduate programs with majority of the recipients being Hispanic. The degrees were awarded to 59.9% of women while they were awarded to a percentage of 40.1% of men.
Tuition and Fees by College Credit Program. $118.22 per credit hour for Resident Students, and $402.51 per credit hour for Non-Resident Students. Total Tuition per term (12 credits): $1,558.68 for Resident Students and $6,431.64 for Non-Resident Students. For completed an AA degree is with a total 60 credit that is an estimated around $7,093.02 for Resident Student and $24,156.06 for Non-Resident Student.
- School for Advanced Studies (SAS): A limited admission opportunity for Miami-Dade Public School students. High school classes are held at Kendall, Hialeah, Wolfson, and North Campus alongside regular college credit courses, and students choose three college classes per semester to take in place of traditional high school electives. College books and tuition are paid for by the county, and there is no cost to students. Bus service is also provided throughout the county to the schools. The goal is to allow students to earn their Associate in Arts and Associate in Science degree while earning their high school diploma. SAS is the 15th best high school in the nation, and is repeatedly one of the highest ranking high schools. MDC also has a virtual college, where a degree can be attained completely over the internet.
- Dual Enrollment: The college offers Dual Enrollment for students who currently are attending Miami-Dade County public high school, private high schools, or home school. Dual enrollment allows students to enroll in a college course. The credits that are gained will be used toward both high school graduation and are accepted toward an Associate or bachelor's degree at Miami Date college.
- Miami Dade Honors College: Beginning in May 2019, Miami Dade College decided to team up with the University of Miami to provide more enrollment opportunities for student. They now have a 10-year agreement, "This partnership ensures MDC students continue to have access to quality and affordable higher education,"  said MDC's Executive VP and Provost Dr. Lenore Rodicio. This agreement will guarantee Miami Dade Honors College students acceptance and merit-based financial support at the University of Miami if they meet transfer requirements. This 10-year agreement will run until May 31, 2028. The enrollment for the fall semester will be limited to 300 MDC students. The enrollment for the spring semester will be limited to 150 MDC transfers.
Total Enrollment (all undergraduate)
|Undergraduate Student Age||Percentage||Undergraduate Student Residence||Percentage|
|24 and Under||72%||In-State||98%|
|25 and Older||28%||Out-of-State||1%|
|Age Unknown||0%||Foreign Countries||1%|
MDC offers many scholarships and financial aid. Under the financial aid we have Pell Grants, Student Loans. The average reported annual net price for Miami Dade College for students receiving grants or scholarship aid was $7,062 in 2017/2018.
|Type of Aid||Avg./ Student||Student Receiving|
|Annual Total Grant Aid||$5,174||81%|
|Federal Student Loan||$5,750||3%|
|Grant Type||Amount of Aid Given|
Miami Dade College competes in five sports, men's basketball, men's baseball, women's basketball, women's softball, and women's volleyball. In total, they have 85 student athletes made up of 38 men and 47 women.
Miami Dade's Baseball team program started in 1962. Although at the time, Kendall campus, North campus, and Wolfson campus had their own individual fielded teams. However, once the school changed to a four-year college from a community college, they united to make a baseball team.
Miami Dade college's athletic teams have won 35 NJCAA national titles, 15 in women's sports.
The school's athletic teams competed in the Southern Conference of the Florida State College Activities Association, a body of the National Junior College Athletic Association Region 8. Due to their players and good ranking, Miami Dade College was a "can't miss stop" for MLB scouts.
Arts and culture
Miami Dade College has been collecting art at its individual campuses since the 1960s. Over the years, the collection has grown to more than 1,600 works in all mediums and genres, including painting, sculpture, works on paper, photography, video, film, installation and public sculpture. MDC Hialeah Campus opened an Art Gallery in late 2018 in Hialeah, Florida. MDC Hialeah Campus Arts & Cultural Programs are partially supported by The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation.
The college has an "Emerging Artist Annual Exhibition" which allows student to display their art in the "Art + Design" museum. Miami Dade College also has an "MDC live Art" event which allows student to perform on stage and inspire others through their performance of art; both are open to the community. As a matter of fact, MDC North campus is home home to a prestigious collection of sculptures produced by renowned artists such as Alfredo Halegna, Rafael Consuegra, William King and Mario Felipe Almaguer.
Annually since 1964, Miami Dade College has awarded the Francis Wolfson Art Scholarship. More than 200 students from Miami Dade College and its outreach center, the New School of the Arts, have received this scholarship. The winners in 2018 each received $1,500.
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Former U.S. Representative
Sylvester Stallone American Actor
Steven Bauer American-Cuban Actor
Glenn Howerton American Actor
Oscar Isaac American Actor and SInger
Raul Ibanez Professional American Baseball Player
Mike Piazza Former American Professional Baseball Player
Steve Carlton Former American Professional Baseball Player
Plácido Polanco American-Dominican professional baseball player
Natalie Martinez American Actress and Model
Harry Wayne Casey American Musician
- As of June 30, 2019. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2018 to FY 2019". National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
- Wright, Colleen (2020-11-17). "Miami Dade College's board unanimously selects Madeline Pumariega as next president". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
- "About MDC". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "MDC Logo Guidelines". Miami Dade College. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
- Finn Wins!
- "Eduardo J. Padrón, the college's president since 1995". A Community College in Florida Works to Attract the Poor and the Presidential.
- "Miami-Dade College (U.S)". FOTW "Flags of the world". Retrieved 22 February 2019.
- Padrón, Eduardo J. (June 2013). "Increasing the Relevance of Curricular and Student Services in the Urban Community College". New Directions for Community Colleges. 2013 (162): 63–73. doi:10.1002/cc.20060. ISSN 0194-3081.
- "Digest of Education Statistics, 2017". nces.ed.gov. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
- "Rolando Montoya: Interim college president sees tech courses demand soar". Miami Today. 2019-11-12. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
- "LINCCWeb Catalog Search". www.linccweb.org. Retrieved 2020-02-18.
- "History of MDC | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2020-02-05.
- Mendieta, Juan (November 17, 2020). "Miami Dade College's Board of Trustees Names Madeline Pumariega as Next President". MDC News (Press release). Miami, Fla. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
- "Carrie P. Meek Entrepreneurial Education Center - North Campus - Miami Dade College". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Miami Dade College - Hialeah Campus". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Homestead Campus". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Padron Campus Campus". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Kendall Campus". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "MDC West - Miami Dade College". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Medical Campus". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "About North Campus - Miami-Dade College - North Campus". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Campus Information - Wolfson Campus - Miami Dade College". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Campus Information - Kendall Campus | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- "Miami Dade College Kendall Campus". mdc.edu.
- "Camps at college mean summertime fun, and, yes, some learning".
- "Miami Herald".
- "Programs | Miami Culinary Institute | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
- "Campus Information - Medical Campus | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- "Bachelor's Degree Programs | Academics | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- "Campuses | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- "Simulation Hospital - Medical Campus | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2021-02-04.
- "School of Nursing | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
- "Miami Dade College to Rename its InterAmerican Campus the Eduardo J. Padrón Campus on May 17". MDC News. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
- "Campus Information - Eduardo J. Padrón Campus | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
- "Miami Dade College Inter American Campus". mdc. edu.
- "Outreach Centers". mdc.edu. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "New World School Of The Arts".
- "Campus Information - Hialeah Campus - Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- "Campus Information - MDC West - Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- Teproff, Carli (May 11, 2015). "Miami Dade College wins $33 million settlement over collapsed parking garage". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- "Tesla START | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
- "MDC celebrates first graduating class at its new Tesla center".
- "Carrie P. Meek Entrepreneurial Education Center".
- "Miami Dade College | Confucius Institute". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
- "Miami Dade College: Academics, Admissions & Tuition Info". Study.com. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
- "Miami Dade College Majors". Niche. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
- "Miami Dade College Academics". College Factual. 2013-02-20. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
- ""Miami Dade College Program Develops Students into Researchers" by Schroen, Anna - Diverse Issues in Higher Education, Vol. 30, Issue 13, August 1, 2013 | Online Research Library: Questia". www.questia.com. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
- Schroen, Anna (August 1, 2013). "Miami Dade College Program Develops Students into Researchers". ebscohost.com. Retrieved 2019-02-07.
- Marchante, Michelle (December 4, 2019). "MDC students are being trained to fix cars of the future. Here's how Tesla is involved". Miami Herald.
- "Miami Dade College Combats Critical Shortage in Cybersecurity".
- "Miami Dade College is hosting classes behind bars. Inmates get the best grades".
- "College Navigator - National Center for Education Statistics". nces.ed.gov. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
- "Miami Dade College | Data USA". datausa.io. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
- "Tuition and Fees | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-09.
- America's Top Public High Schools - Newsweek
- "Miami Dade Academics". mdc.edu.
- Padrón, Eduardo J.; Levitt, Theodore (September 1999). "Miami-Dade Community College: Forging New Urban Partnerships". New Directions for Community Colleges. 1999 (107): 15–22. doi:10.1002/cc.10702. ISSN 0194-3081.
- "Grants | Financial Aid | Miami Dade College". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
- CollegeSimply. "Miami Dade College - Net Price, Tuition, Cost to Attend, Financial Aid and Student Loans". CollegeSimply. Retrieved 2019-10-13.
- "College grant navigator".
- "Miami Dade scholarships".
- "Miami Dade College Sports". College Factual. 2013-02-20. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- "Miami Dade College Baseball Players Who Made it to a Major League Baseball Team". www.baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- "Miami Dade College Lady Sharks Win the 2019 FCSAA State Volleyball Tournament, Headed to Nationals!". MDC News. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
- "'Can't miss stop' for MLB scouts, Miami Dade College baseball continues to shine". miamiherald. Retrieved 2019-02-12.
- "The Influencers I & II: Prominent Works from the MDC Permanent Art Collection | Miami Art Guide". www.miamiartguide.com. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "Hialeah Gallery - Hialeah Campus | Miami Dade College". mdc.edu. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
- "Miami Dade College Galleries of Art + Design". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
- "Miami Dade College Galleries of Art + Design". www.mdc.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
- Vazquez, Neil (2018-04-06). "MDC's Museum of Art + Design Reopens With Two Shows After Renovation". Miami New Times. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
- Ghorashi, Hannah (2016-02-22). "Jeremy Mikolajczak Named CEO of Tucson Museum of Art". ARTnews. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
- Tracy, Jesse Scott, Liz (2018-09-26). "The Best Things to Do in Miami This Week". Miami New Times. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
- Scott, Emily Bloch, Jesse (2018-10-03). "The Best Arts Events of Miami's 2018-19 Season". Miami New Times. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
- Desk, BWW News. "Museum of Art and Design at MDC Presents The Speculative Machine Series of Public Programs". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved 2019-02-24.
- Desk, BWW News. "Museum of Art and Design at MDC Presents The Speculative Machine Series of Public Programs". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- "around campus". www.linccweb.org. Retrieved 2019-12-10.
- "Five at Miami Dade College win 2018 Frances Wolfson Art Scholarships". miamiherald. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "Donor News Frances Wolfson". www.mdcfoundation.com. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "2007 Outstanding American by Choice Recipients". USCIS. 2011-08-22. Retrieved 2019-12-12.
- "HSF: HSF Stories Detail". www.hsf.net. Retrieved 2019-12-13.
- "Mireya Moscoso". Council of Women World Leaders. Retrieved 2019-12-13.