Metrobus (Miami-Dade County)

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Metrobus
Miami Dade Transit route S (119) bus at Adrienne Arsht Center Bus Terminal.jpg
S (119) Route at Adrienne Arsht Center Metromover station
SloganWe'll Take You There!
ParentMiami-Dade County
FoundedAugust 2, 1960
HeadquartersOvertown Transit Village
LocaleMiami, Florida
Service areaGreater Miami, Broward, and Monroe Counties
Service typebus service, bus rapid transit
AllianceBroward County Transit
Routes93 (including 2 contracted routes)
Stopsover 8,000
Fleet817 buses 40ft NABI, Gillig, 60ft New Flyer, 11 Commuter Coach Buses
Daily ridership~250,000
Fuel typeDiesel, Hybrid Diesel, (soon) Electric, CNG
OperatorMiami-Dade Transit
Websitewww.miamidade.gov/transit/metrobus.asp

The Metrobus network provides bus service throughout Miami-Dade County 365 days a year. It consists of about 93 routes and 893 buses, which connect most points in the county and part of southern Broward County as well. Seven of these routes operate around the clock: Routes 3, 11, 27, 38, 77 (last bus from Downtown Miami 1:10am, first bus from Downtown Miami 4:10am), L (No 24-hour service to Hialeah, all trips terminate at Northside Station) and S. Routes 246 Night Owl & Route 500 Midnight Owl operate from 12am to 5am. Most other routes operate from 4:30am to 1:30am. All Metrobuses are wheelchair accessible, in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and equipped with Bicycle racks.

Bus route 301 (Dade-Monroe Express) extends into Monroe County, reaching Marathon, where a transfer is available to a Key West Transit bus proceeding further into the Keys. With the appropriate bus transfers, one can travel all the way from Key West to Jupiter entirely on public-transit buses. Metrobus has many connections to Metrorail and Metromover, also operated by Miami-Dade Transit, mainly in the city of Miami.

History[edit]

County's first air conditioned bus shelter at Hialeah station.

Bus ridership has reached as high as 293,000 daily,[1] but is generally around a quarter million. It reached a high during the real estate bubble of the 2000s, then declined during the bad economy amid service cuts during the Great Recession, before rising again in the 2010s. From 2015 into 2016, bus ridership fell sharply, down to a low of 195,000 daily in June 2016,[2] amid the lowest gas prices in over a decade, despite a locally strong economy and steady population gain. This during a time when much effort was going into enhancements, such as an air-conditioned bus shelter, mobile ticketing, and new rolling stock, including electric buses.[3] Part of the problem is that buses, unlike other transit alternatives, are not exempt from the increasing traffic present.[4] Nationally, bus ridership fell while rail ridership increased slightly in 2015.[5]

South Dade Transitway[edit]

a bus station and a level crossing on the South Miami-Dade Busway (2012)
North end of the busway in Dadeland.

The South Dade Transitway is a bus rapid transit system, or busway, in southern Miami-Dade County. It began operating on February 3, 1997 and was extended in April 2005. The final 6.5-mile (10.5 km) segment of the Busway extension to Florida City opened on Sunday, December 16, 2007. It is parallel to US1/ S Dixie Highway, and runs along the abandoned Florida East Coast Railway line. It is an alternative to daily traffic congestion. The 13-mile (21 km) roadway was built by the Florida Department of Transportation just for Metrobus routes and emergency vehicles. Express buses on the exclusive lanes shuttle passengers to and from Dadeland South Station (see Metrorail) in under 40 minutes.

Both full-size and Articulated buses operate on the Busway and in adjacent neighborhoods, entering the exclusive lanes at major intersections. Local and limited-stop service is offered between Florida City and Dadeland South Metrorail Station. Park & Ride lots along the busway are located at SW 152d Street (Coral Reef Drive), SW 168th Street (Richmond Drive), SW 112th Avenue, SW 244th Street, and SW 296th Street. At Dadeland South Station, riders transfer to Metrorail. Riders headed downtown can transfer from Metrorail to Metromover, which consists of three shorter downtown loops, at Government Center Station.

The South Miami-Dade Busway features 28 stops, all of which have been converted to light-rail style stations. A multi-use path stretches the length of the Busway.

South Miami-Dade Busway stations[edit]

  • SW 104th Street
  • SW 112th Street
  • SW 120th Street
  • SW 124th Street
  • SW 128th Street
  • SW 136th Street
  • SW 144th Street
  • SW 152nd Street (Park-N-Ride)
  • SW 160th Street
  • SW 168th Street (Park-N-Ride)
  • SW 173rd Street
  • W Indigo Street
  • SW 184th Street
  • Marlin Road
  • SW 200th Street
  • SW 112th Avenue (Park-N-Ride)
  • SW 216th Street
  • SW 220th Street
  • SW 232nd Street
  • SW 244th Street
  • SW 264th Street
  • SW 272nd Street
  • SW 280th Street
  • SW 296th Street (Park-N-Ride)
  • SW 312th Street
  • Historic Homestead (Future Park-N-Ride, currently under construction)
  • SW 324th Street
  • SW 328th Street
  • SW 344th Street (Park-N-Ride, currently open for service as of June 2015)

Former stations[edit]

  • SW 117 Street (closed 12/1/14. Replaced with SW 120 Street)

Routes that use the Busway[edit]

  • 1- Serves the station at 173 st and a route that travels through Perrine, Florida and Quail Roost DR which every bus passes every half-hour.
  • 31 Busway Local- serves all stations between northern end of the busway and Southland Mall, before looping to serve Cutler Bay shopping centers and the South Dade Government Office Complex
  • 34 Busway Flyer- travels the entire length of the busway, but does not stop at any stations before SW 152nd Street As of June the route has been Split and called the 34A and the 34B which now ends at South-Dade Government Center
  • 38 Busway MAX- travels the entire length of the busway, deviating from the route slightly to serve Southland Mall, and travelling beyond the end of the busway to serve Florida City shopping centers
  • 52- begins at Dadeland North Metrorail Station, then runs along busway to SW 152nd street, before becoming a Richmond Heights and Goulds local route
  • 252 Coral Reef MAX- begins at Dadeland South Metrorail Station, then runs along busway to SW 152nd Street, before becoming express route to Country Walk
  • 287 Saga Bay MAX- begins at Dadeland South Metrorail Station, then runs along busway to SW 168th Street, before running as express route through West Perrine and Saga Bay

Busway vs. rail controversy[edit]

The Busway has been the site of many accidents, as some car drivers driving south on US 1 (which runs parallel to the Busway for much of its length), and looking to turn west, do not stop at the red arrows that govern the right turn lane at an intersection that has a Busway crossing adjacent to it. They make a right turn and go right into the path of a bus that is entering the adjacent Busway intersection. Buses currently have to slow down to 15 mph (24 km/h) before crossing the intersection, and the police often patrol the intersections looking for red arrow runners. Surprisingly, even the intersections where the Busway runs as far as 2 blocks west of US 1 suffer the same problem, with car drivers either not seeing or flatly ignoring the red lights at SW 184th and 186th Streets. City planners and residents alike have commented that rather than dismantling the former Florida East Coast Railroad line for the busway, the Metrorail system could have been extended southward over the railway line.

Ridership[edit]

Ridership detail by average daily ridership on weekdays by month, with yearly average and highest ridership month in bold. Note the generally lower ridership during the summer months and December, month of the long Christmas and holiday season. Ridership has been falling since 2014 amid widespread rider complaints, an aging fleet, and sharply declining gas prices beginning in late 2014. Starting in 2016, this was also affecting Metrorail ridership. By 2016, 70% of the bus fleet was considered beyond its expected useful life, as the county was in the process of buying 30 electric buses with an option for 20 more.[6] This is well under 10% of a fleet of nearly 1,000 buses. Other upgrades included a new mobile ticketing and contactless payment system, as well as upgrades to bus stops, including covering shelter-less bus stops and air conditioning at select locations. By mid 2016, average daily ridership was over 100,000 below a pre-recession peak in November 2007,[7] and May, June, July, and August 2016[8] were the lowest ridership months in over a decade. Some of the ridership loss may be accounted for by overlap and growth of the free Miami Trolley and other pseudo-bus systems. Very poor numbers in October 2016 across the entire system were partially blamed on one day of closures for Hurricane Matthew,[9] which passed close to South Florida. Similarly, September 2017, the month of Hurricane Irma, saw even lower ridership. 2016 was the lowest ridership year since online records began in 1998. Summer 2017 saw weekday ridership decline another 10% on top of sustained decline.[10] January 2018's ridership of 162,300 is the lowest since at least the 90s with the exception of the month Hurricane Irma hit. Annual ridership figures are rounded to the nearest 100.

# Month 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1 January 212,100 216,700 215,700 208,150 205,800 231,500 242,100 265,400 260,200 258,600 244,500 222,300 238,500 248,900 248,200 241,900 240,400 209,600 192,900
2 February 218,350 220,000 227,400 216,300 219,200 240,800 251,000 267,300 266,600 266,400 254,400 230,000 253,100 257,500 264,500 258,800 238,000 217,600 203,600
3 March 215,000 220,350 221,800 209,800 217,600 238,500 246,700 270,500 270,900 266,900 252,000 229,700 250,900 260,000 258,100 250,800 249,100 210,200 196,300
4 April 205,800 204,400 210,250 207,350 208,100 227,700 251,400 260,000 257,000 265,500 256,600 230,400 249,200 255,800 255,600 250,000 232,000 214,500 193,900
5 May 208,900 214,000 210,450 206,300 208,900 237,600 242,600 255,600 262,900 273,500 239,800 232,900 248,000 245,200 244,700 242,300 227,800 207,100 189,200
6 June 195,300 206,200 202,800 191,550 200,700 223,840 225,900 248,000 248,100 258,600 219,600 221,300 237,000 235,600 235,200 226,100 212,600 195,000 174,300
7 July 203,900 209,800 208,950 196,500 205,000 229,400 212,500 240,200 243,500 256,600 211,400 213,700 231,100 237,900 231,600 226,400 209,900 191,900 175,100
8 August 200,100 206,500 207,800 199,350 198,800 226,900 241,300 245,000 257,000 250,500 227,300 220,600 232,500 237,900 243,400 235,600 216,500 189,500 175,500
9 September 211,600 217,850 208,950 209,100 219,500 226,300 241,131 270,000 280,200 269,400 234,500 233,800 254,600 257,100 259,000 248,500 223,800 202,300 147,200*
10 October 210,350 208,000 210,300 212,800 226,500 242,700 241,419 270,000 267,500 257,700 224,600 243,700 252,000 257,600 261,400 246,900 226,000 187,800[9] 177,900
11 November 221,250 221,800 209,000 210,500 225,000[11] 244,200 267,600 262,400 302,000[7] 243,900 226,000 239,600 256,600 258,000 252,800 240,800 220,500 203,200 177,300
12 December 206,600 209,400 205,700 198,500 216,900 229,000 255,100 258,100 257,700 240,600 215,600 216,600 240,800 246,200 242,300 234,500 211,400 195,700 172,200
13 Year Average 205,500 259,000 233,900 227,900 245,400 249,800 249,700 241,900 225,700 202,000 181,300

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Miamidade Bus Route Adjustments Designed To Save 18 Million". MiamiToday.
  2. ^ "Ridership Technical Report (June 2016)" (PDF). Miami-Dade County. Retrieved August 16, 2016.
  3. ^ Alfonso Chardy (August 1, 2016). "Two new technologies are coming to Miami-Dade's transportation system". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  4. ^ "Metrobus gets better, but not yet perfect". Miami Herald. November 9, 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  5. ^ Eric Morath (April 6, 2016). "Low Gas Prices Drove Down Transit Use, So Why Can't You Find a Seat on the Train?". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  6. ^ Susan Danseyar (July 26, 2016). "Miami-Dade gets funds for first electric buses". Miami Today. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Ridership Technical Report (November 2007)" (PDF). Miami-Dade County. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  8. ^ "Ridership Technical Report (August 2016)" (PDF). Miami-Dade County. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Ridership Technical Report (October 2016)" (PDF). Miami-Dade County. January 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  10. ^ "Ridership Technical Report (June 2017)" (PDF). Miami-Dade County. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  11. ^ "Ridership Technical Report (November 2003)" (PDF). Miami-Dade County. Retrieved November 18, 2016.

External links[edit]