Miami Open (tennis)

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Miami Open
Tournament information
Founded1985; 34 years ago (1985)
LocationDelray Beach, Florida (1985)
Boca West, Florida (1986)
Key Biscayne, Florida (1987–2018)
Miami Gardens, Florida (2019–current)
SurfaceHard (Laykold) - outdoors
Websitemiamiopen.com
Current champions (2019)
Men's singlesSwitzerland Roger Federer
Women's singlesAustralia Ashleigh Barty
Men's doublesUnited States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
Women's doublesBelgium Elise Mertens
Belarus Aryna Sabalenka
ATP World Tour
CategoryMasters 1000
Draw96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize moneyUS$9,035,428 (2019)
WTA Tour
CategoryPremier Mandatory
Draw96S / 48Q / 32D
Prize moneyUS$9,035,428 (2019)

The Miami Open (also known as the Miami Masters, and currently branded as the Miami Open presented by Itaú for sponsorship reasons) is a tennis tournament held at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. It is part of the men's ATP Tour Masters 1000 circuit, and is a Premier Mandatory event on the women's WTA Tour.

The tournament had historically been held at the Tennis Center at Crandon Park in Key Biscayne, Florida from 1987 through 2018, before moving to Miami Gardens for 2019. Behind the Indian Wells Masters, it is the second event of the "Sunshine Double"—a series of two consecutive hard court tournaments in the United States at the beginning of the season, which both are the only tournaments besides majors where main draw play extends beyond eight days.

In 2010, a record 300,000 visitors attended matches at the 12-day tournament, making it one of the largest tennis tournaments outside the four Grand Slams.[1] In 2011, 316,267 visitors attended the Open.[2]

History[edit]

The stadium court at Crandon Park.
A 2009 match between Rafael Nadal and Juan Martín del Potro at Stadium Court

The initial idea of holding an international tennis tournament in Miami was born in the 1960s, when famous tennis players such as Pancho Gonzalez, Jack Kramer, Pancho Segura, Frank Sedgman, and Butch Buchholz toured across the country in a station wagon, playing tennis in fairgrounds with portable canvas court.[3] The tournament officially was founded by former player Butch Buchholz who was executive director of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) in the 1980s. His original aim was to make the event the first major tournament of the year (the Australian Open was held in December at that time), and he dubbed it the "Winter Wimbledon". Buchholz approached the ATP and the WTA, offering to provide the prize-money and to give them a percentage of the ticket sales and worldwide television rights in return for the right to run the tournament for 15 years. The two associations agreed.

The first tournament was held in February 1985 at Laver's International Tennis Resort in Delray Beach, Florida. Buchholz brought in Alan Mills, the tournament referee at Wimbledon, as the head referee, and Ted Tinling, a well-known tennis fashion designer since the 1920s, as the director of protocol. At the time, the prize money of US$1.8 million was surpassed only by Wimbledon and the US Open. The event's prize money has since grown to over $13 million.

In 1986, the tournament relocated to Boca West. After its successful second year there, Merrett Stierheim, Dade County manager and Women's Tennis Association (WTA) president, helped Buchholz in 1987 move the tournament to its long-term home in Key Biscayne for 1988.[4] In keeping with ambitions of its founder, the tournament has been maintained as one of the premier events in pro tennis after the Grand Slams and the ATP World Tour Finals sometimes referred to as the "Fifth Major" up until the mid-2000s.[5] In 1999, Buchholz sold the tournament to IMG.[6] In 2004, the Indian Wells Masters also expanded to a multi-week 96 player field, and since then, the two events have been colloquially termed the "Sunshine Double".[7][8]

The aging Crandon Park facility had been criticized as the slowest hardcourt on the tour, subjecting players to endless grinding rallies in extreme heat and humidity.[9] The land on which the Crandon Park facility stands had been donated to Miami-Dade County by the Matheson family in 1992 under a stipulation that only one stadium could be built on it. The tournament organizers proposed a $50 million upgrade of Crandon Park that would have added several permanent stadiums, and the family responded with a lawsuit.[10] In 2015, an appeals court ruled in the family's favor, preventing upgrades from being made to the aging complex. The organizers decided not to pursue further legal action and started looking for a new site. In November 2017, the Miami Open signed an agreement with Miami-Dade County to move the annual tournament from the tennis complex in Key Biscayne to Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida beginning in 2019.[11][12]

The stadium is primarily used for American football; a special seating configuration was developed to use it as its main court, utilizing temporary grandstands. While it has the same number of seats as the center court at Crandon Park, it also has access to the stadium's luxury seating and suites. New permanent courts were also built on the site's parking lots, including a new grandstand court.[13][14]

The tournament has had multiple sponsorships in its history. During its inaugural playing in 1985, the tournament was known as the Lipton International Players Championships and it was a premier event of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour. In 2000, the event was renamed the Ericsson Open and in 2002, the event became known as the NASDAQ-100 Open. In 2007, the tournament was renamed the Sony Ericsson Open. From 2015 to 2019, the international bank Itaú was the presenting sponsor.[15]

Event characteristics[edit]

Beside the four Major championships, the Miami Open is one of a small number of events on the ATP and WTA tours where the main singles draw (for both the men and the women) involves more than 64 players, and where main draw play extends beyond one week. 96 men and 96 women compete in the singles competition, and 32 teams compete in each of the doubles competitions with the event lasting 12 days.

In 2006, the tournament became the first event in the United States to use Hawk-Eye to allow players to challenge close line calls. Players were allowed three challenges per set, with an additional challenge allowed for tiebreaks. The first challenge was made by Jamea Jackson against Ashley Harkleroad in the first round.

From 1985 until 1990 and again from 1997 to 2007, the men's final was held as a best-of-five set match, similar to the Grand Slam events. After 2007 the ATP required that the handful of ATP World Tour Masters 1000 events which had best-of-five finals switch to the usual ATP best-of-three match format because several times the participants in long finals matches ended up withdrawing from tennis tournaments they were scheduled to participate in which were commencing in only two or three days. The last best-of-five set final was won by Novak Djokovic in 2007.

Points and prize money[edit]

As an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event, the tournament is worth up to 1000 ATP Rankings points to the singles and doubles champions. This is a table detailing the points and prize money allocation for each round of the 2016 Miami ATP Masters 1000 and WTA Premier Mandatory event:

Point distribution[edit]

Event W F SF QF Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64 Round of 128 Q Q2 Q1
Men's Singles 1000 600 360 180 90 45 25* 10 16 8 0
Men's Doubles 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Women's Singles 650 390 215 120 65 35* 10 30 20 2
Women's Doubles 10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
  • Players with byes receive first round points.

Prize money[edit]

Event W F SF QF Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64 Round of 128 Q2 Q1
Men's Singles $1,028,300 $501,815 $251,500 $128,215 $67,590 $36,170 $19,530 $11,970 $3,565 $1,825
Women's Singles[16][17]
Men's Doubles $336,920 $164,420 $82,410 $42,000 $22,140 $11,860 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Women's Doubles[18] N/A N/A N/A N/A

Past results[edit]

Men's singles[edit]

  • The men's final has been abandoned three times since the tournament's inception.
    • In 1989, Thomas Muster was hit by a drunk driver just hours after his semifinal victory, severing left knee ligaments, which put him in a wheelchair for months. He won the championship eight years later.
    • In 1996, Goran Ivanišević retired from the final early with a stiff neck, after sleeping awkwardly the night before.
    • In 2004, Guillermo Coria was visibly bothered by back pain from late in the first set of the final. Coria eventually retired during the first game of the fourth set due to this back pain. The problem turned out to be kidney stones.
Year Champion Runner-up Score Name
1985 United States Tim Mayotte United States Scott Davis 4–6, 4–6, 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
Lipton International Players Championship
1986 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl Sweden Mats Wilander 3–6, 6–1, 7–6(7–5), 6–4
1987 Czechoslovakia Miloslav Mečíř Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 7–5, 6–2, 7–5
1988 Sweden Mats Wilander United States Jimmy Connors 6–4, 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1989 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl (2) Austria Thomas Muster Walkover (Muster injured after semifinal)
1990 United States Andre Agassi Sweden Stefan Edberg 6–1, 6–4, 0–6, 6–2
1991 United States Jim Courier United States David Wheaton 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
1992 United States Michael Chang Argentina Alberto Mancini 7–5, 7–5
1993 United States Pete Sampras United States MaliVai Washington 6–3, 6–2
Lipton Championship
1994 United States Pete Sampras (2) United States Andre Agassi 5–7, 6–3, 6–3
1995 United States Andre Agassi (2) United States Pete Sampras 3–6, 6–2, 7–6(7–3)
1996 United States Andre Agassi (3) Croatia Goran Ivanišević 3–0 Ret.
1997 Austria Thomas Muster Spain Sergi Bruguera 7–6(8–6), 6–3, 6–1
1998 Chile Marcelo Ríos United States Andre Agassi 7–5, 6–3, 6–4
1999 Netherlands Richard Krajicek France Sébastien Grosjean 4–6, 6–1, 6–2, 7–5
2000 United States Pete Sampras (3) Brazil Gustavo Kuerten 6–1, 6–7(2–7), 7–6(7–5), 7–6(10–8)
Ericsson Open
2001 United States Andre Agassi (4) United States Jan-Michael Gambill 7–6(7–4), 6–1, 6–0
2002 United States Andre Agassi (5) Switzerland Roger Federer 6–3, 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
NASDAQ-100 Open
2003 United States Andre Agassi (6) Spain Carlos Moyá 6–3, 6–3
2004 United States Andy Roddick Argentina Guillermo Coria 6–7(2–7), 6–3, 6–1, Ret.
2005 Switzerland Roger Federer Spain Rafael Nadal 2–6, 6–7(4–7), 7–6(7–5), 6–3, 6–1
2006 Switzerland Roger Federer (2) Croatia Ivan Ljubičić 7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–4), 7–6(8–6)
2007 Serbia Novak Djokovic Argentina Guillermo Cañas 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
Sony Ericsson Open
2008 Russia Nikolay Davydenko Spain Rafael Nadal 6–4, 6–2
2009 United Kingdom Andy Murray Serbia Novak Djokovic 6–2, 7–5
2010 United States Andy Roddick (2) Czech Republic Tomáš Berdych 7–5, 6–4
2011 Serbia Novak Djokovic (2) Spain Rafael Nadal 4–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
2012 Serbia Novak Djokovic (3) United Kingdom Andy Murray 6–1, 7–6(7–4)
2013 United Kingdom Andy Murray (2) Spain David Ferrer 2–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–1)
Sony Open Tennis
2014 Serbia Novak Djokovic (4) Spain Rafael Nadal 6–3, 6–3
2015 Serbia Novak Djokovic (5) United Kingdom Andy Murray 7–6(7–3), 4–6, 6–0
Miami Open presented by Itaú
2016 Serbia Novak Djokovic (6) Japan Kei Nishikori 6–3, 6–3
2017 Switzerland Roger Federer (3) Spain Rafael Nadal 6–3, 6–4
2018 United States John Isner Germany Alexander Zverev 6–7(4–7), 6–4, 6–4
2019 Switzerland Roger Federer (4) United States John Isner 6–1, 6–4

Women's singles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
Lipton International Players Championships
1985 United States Martina Navratilova United States Chris Evert 6–2, 6–4
1986 United States Chris Evert West Germany Steffi Graf 6–4, 6–2
1987 West Germany Steffi Graf United States Chris Evert 6–1, 6–2
↓  Tier I tournament  ↓
1988 West Germany Steffi Graf (2) United States Chris Evert 6–4, 6–4
1989 Argentina Gabriela Sabatini United States Chris Evert 6–1, 4–6, 6–2
1990 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles Austria Judith Wiesner 6–1, 6–2
1991 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles (2) Argentina Gabriela Sabatini 6–3, 7–5
1992 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Argentina Gabriela Sabatini 6–1, 6–4
Lipton Championships
1993 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (2) Germany Steffi Graf 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1994 Germany Steffi Graf (3) Belarus Natasha Zvereva 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
1995 Germany Steffi Graf (4) Japan Kimiko Date 6–1, 6–4
1996 Germany Steffi Graf (5) United States Chanda Rubin 6–1, 6–3
1997 Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Monica Seles 6–2, 6–1
1998 United States Venus Williams Russia Anna Kournikova 2–6, 6–4, 6–1
1999 United States Venus Williams (2) United States Serena Williams 6–1, 4–6, 6–4
Ericsson Open
2000 Switzerland Martina Hingis (2) United States Lindsay Davenport 6–3, 6–2
2001 United States Venus Williams (3) United States Jennifer Capriati 4–6, 6–1, 7–6(7–4)
NASDAQ-100 Open
2002 United States Serena Williams United States Jennifer Capriati 7–5, 7–6(7–4)
2003 United States Serena Williams (2) United States Jennifer Capriati 4–6, 6–4, 6–1
2004 United States Serena Williams (3) Russia Elena Dementieva 6–1, 6–1
2005 Belgium Kim Clijsters Russia Maria Sharapova 6–3, 7–5
2006 Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova Russia Maria Sharapova 6–4, 6–3
Sony Ericsson Open
2007 United States Serena Williams (4) Belgium Justine Henin 0–6, 7–5, 6–3
2008 United States Serena Williams (5) Serbia Jelena Janković 6–1, 5–7, 6–3
↓  Premier Mandatory tournament  ↓
2009 Belarus Victoria Azarenka United States Serena Williams 6–3, 6–1
2010 Belgium Kim Clijsters (2) United States Venus Williams 6–2, 6–1
2011 Belarus Victoria Azarenka (2) Russia Maria Sharapova 6–1, 6–4
2012 Poland Agnieszka Radwańska Russia Maria Sharapova 7–5, 6–4
Sony Open Tennis
2013 United States Serena Williams (6) Russia Maria Sharapova 4–6, 6–3, 6–0
2014 United States Serena Williams (7) China Li Na 7–5, 6–1
Miami Open presented by Itaú
2015 United States Serena Williams (8) Spain Carla Suárez Navarro 6–2, 6–0
2016 Belarus Victoria Azarenka (3) Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova 6–3, 6–2
2017 United Kingdom Johanna Konta Denmark Caroline Wozniacki 6–4, 6–3
2018 United States Sloane Stephens Latvia Jeļena Ostapenko 7–6(7–5), 6–1
2019 Australia Ashleigh Barty Czech Republic Karolína Plíšková 7–6(7–1), 6–3

Men's doubles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1985 United States Paul Annacone
South Africa Christo van Rensburg
United States Sherwood Stewart
Australia Kim Warwick
7–5, 7–5, 6–4
1986 United States Brad Gilbert
United States Vince Van Patten
Sweden Stefan Edberg
Sweden Anders Järryd
Walkover
1987 United States Paul Annacone (2)
South Africa Christo van Rensburg (2)
United States Ken Flach
United States Robert Seguso
6–2, 6–4, 6–4
1988 Australia John Fitzgerald
Sweden Anders Järryd
United States Ken Flach
United States Robert Seguso
7–6, 6–1, 7–5
1989 Switzerland Jakob Hlasek
Sweden Anders Järryd (2)
United States Jim Grabb
United States Patrick McEnroe
6–3, Ret.
1990 United States Rick Leach
United States Jim Pugh
West Germany Boris Becker
Brazil Cássio Motta
6–3, 6–4
1991 South Africa Wayne Ferreira
South Africa Piet Norval
United States Ken Flach
United States Robert Seguso
5–7, 7–6, 6–2
1992 United States Ken Flach
United States Todd Witsken
United States Kent Kinnear
United States Sven Salumaa
6–4, 6–3
1993 Netherlands Richard Krajicek
Netherlands Jan Siemerink
United States Patrick McEnroe
United States Jonathan Stark
6–7, 6–4, 7–6
1994 Netherlands Jacco Eltingh
Netherlands Paul Haarhuis
The Bahamas Mark Knowles
United States Jared Palmer
7–6, 7–6
1995 Australia Todd Woodbridge
Australia Mark Woodforde
United States Jim Grabb
United States Patrick McEnroe
6–3, 7–6
1996 Australia Todd Woodbridge (2)
Australia Mark Woodforde (2)
South Africa Ellis Ferreira
United States Patrick Galbraith
6–1, 6–3
1997 Australia Todd Woodbridge (3)
Australia Mark Woodforde (3)
The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Canada Daniel Nestor
7–6, 7–6
1998 South Africa Ellis Ferreira
United States Rick Leach (2)
United States Alex O'Brien
United States Jonathan Stark
6–2, 6–4
1999 Zimbabwe Wayne Black
Australia Sandon Stolle
Germany Boris Becker
United States Jan-Michael Gambill
6–1, 6–1
2000 Australia Todd Woodbridge (4)
Australia Mark Woodforde (4)
Czech Republic Martin Damm
Slovakia Dominik Hrbatý
6–3, 6–4
2001 Czech Republic Jiří Novák
Czech Republic David Rikl
Sweden Jonas Björkman
Australia Todd Woodbridge
7–5, 7–6(7–3)
2002 The Bahamas Mark Knowles
Canada Daniel Nestor
United States Donald Johnson
United States Jared Palmer
6–3, 3–6, 6–1
2003 Switzerland Roger Federer
Belarus Max Mirnyi
India Leander Paes
Czech Republic David Rikl
7–5, 6–3
2004 Zimbabwe Wayne Black (2)
Zimbabwe Kevin Ullyett
Sweden Jonas Björkman
Australia Todd Woodbridge
6–2, 7–6(14–12)
2005 Sweden Jonas Björkman
Belarus Max Mirnyi (2)
Zimbabwe Wayne Black
Zimbabwe Kevin Ullyett
6–1, 6–2
2006 Sweden Jonas Björkman (2)
Belarus Max Mirnyi (3)
United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
6–4, 6–4
2007 United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
Czech Republic Martin Damm
India Leander Paes
6–7(7–9), 6–3, [10–7]
2008 United States Bob Bryan (2)
United States Mike Bryan (2)
India Mahesh Bhupathi
The Bahamas Mark Knowles
6–2, 6–2
2009 Belarus Max Mirnyi (4)
Israel Andy Ram
Australia Ashley Fisher
Australia Stephen Huss
6–7(4–7), 6–2, [10–7]
2010 Czech Republic Lukáš Dlouhý
India Leander Paes
India Mahesh Bhupathi
Belarus Max Mirnyi
6–2, 7–5
2011 India Mahesh Bhupathi
India Leander Paes (2)
Belarus Max Mirnyi
Canada Daniel Nestor
6–7(5–7), 6–2, [10–5]
2012 India Leander Paes (3)
Czech Republic Radek Štěpánek
Belarus Max Mirnyi
Canada Daniel Nestor
3–6, 6–1, [10–8]
2013 Pakistan Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi
Netherlands Jean-Julien Rojer
Poland Mariusz Fyrstenberg
Poland Marcin Matkowski
6–4, 6–1
2014 United States Bob Bryan (3)
United States Mike Bryan (3)
Colombia Juan Sebastián Cabal
Colombia Robert Farah Maksoud
7–6(10–8), 6–4
2015 United States Bob Bryan (4)
United States Mike Bryan (4)
Canada Vasek Pospisil
United States Jack Sock
6–3, 1–6, [10–8]
2016 France Pierre-Hugues Herbert
France Nicolas Mahut
South Africa Raven Klaasen
United States Rajeev Ram
5–7, 6–1, [10–7]
2017 Poland Łukasz Kubot
Brazil Marcelo Melo
United States Nicholas Monroe
United States Jack Sock
7–5, 6–3
2018 United States Bob Bryan (5)
United States Mike Bryan (5)
Russia Karen Khachanov
Russia Andrey Rublev
4–6, 7–6(7–5), [10–4]
2019 United States Bob Bryan (6)
United States Mike Bryan (6)
Netherlands Wesley Koolhof
Greece Stefanos Tsitsipas
7–5, 7–6(10–8)

Women's doubles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1985 United States Gigi Fernández
United States Martina Navratilova
United States Barbara Jordan
Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková
7–6(7–4), 6–2
1986 United States Pam Shriver
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
United States Chris Evert
Australia Wendy Turnbull
6–2, 6–3
1987 United States Martina Navratilova (2)
United States Pam Shriver (2)
West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–3, 7–6(8–6)
1988 West Germany Steffi Graf
Argentina Gabriela Sabatini
United States Gigi Fernández
United States Zina Garrison
7–6(8–6), 6–3
1989 Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková (2)
United States Gigi Fernández
United States Lori McNeil
7–6(7–5), 6–4
1990 Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná (2)
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková (3)
United States Betsy Nagelsen
United States Robin White
6–4, 6–3
1991 United States Mary Joe Fernández
United States Zina Garrison
United States Gigi Fernández
Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
7–5, 6–2
1992 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Latvia Larisa Savchenko Neiland
Canada Jill Hetherington
United States Kathy Rinaldi
7–5, 5–7, 6–3
1993 Czech Republic Jana Novotná (3)
Latvia Larisa Savchenko Neiland (2)
Canada Jill Hetherington
United States Kathy Rinaldi
6–2, 7–5
1994 United States Gigi Fernández (2)
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
United States Patty Fendick
United States Meredith McGrath
6–3, 6–1
1995 Czech Republic Jana Novotná (4)
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (2)
United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
7–5, 2–6, 6–3
1996 Czech Republic Jana Novotná (5)
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (3)
United States Meredith McGrath
Latvia Larisa Savchenko Neiland
6–4, 6–4
1997 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (4)
Belarus Natasha Zvereva (2)
Belgium Sabine Appelmans
Netherlands Miriam Oremans
6–4, 6–2
1998 Switzerland Martina Hingis
Czech Republic Jana Novotná (6)
Spain Arantxa Sánchez
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 3–6, 6–3
1999 Switzerland Martina Hingis (2)
Czech Republic Jana Novotná (7)
United States Mary Joe Fernández
United States Monica Seles
0–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–1)
2000 France Julie Halard-Decugis
Japan Ai Sugiyama
United States Nicole Arendt
Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
4–6, 7–5, 6–4
2001 Spain Arantxa Sánchez-Vicario (5)
France Nathalie Tauziat
United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Rennae Stubbs
6–0, 6–4
2002 United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Rennae Stubbs
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual
Argentina Paola Suárez
7–6(7–4), 6–7(4–7), 6–3
2003 South Africa Liezel Huber
Bulgaria Magdalena Maleeva
Japan Shinobu Asagoe
Japan Nana Miyagi
6–4, 3–6, 7–5
2004 Russia Nadia Petrova
United States Meghann Shaughnessy
Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova
Russia Elena Likhovtseva
6–2, 6–3
2005 Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova
Australia Alicia Molik
United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Rennae Stubbs
7–5, 6–7(5–7), 6–2
2006 United States Lisa Raymond (2)
Australia Samantha Stosur
South Africa Liezel Huber
United States Martina Navratilova
6–4, 7–5
2007 United States Lisa Raymond (3)
Australia Samantha Stosur (2)
Zimbabwe Cara Black
South Africa Liezel Huber
6–4, 3–6, [10–2]
2008 Slovenia Katarina Srebotnik
Japan Ai Sugiyama (2)
Zimbabwe Cara Black
United States Liezel Huber
7–5, 4–6, [10–3]
2009 Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova (2)
France Amélie Mauresmo
Czech Republic Květa Peschke
United States Lisa Raymond
4–6, 6–3, [10–3]
2010 Argentina Gisela Dulko
Italy Flavia Pennetta
Russia Nadia Petrova
Australia Samantha Stosur
6–3, 4–6, [10–7]
2011 Slovakia Daniela Hantuchová
Poland Agnieszka Radwańska
United States Liezel Huber
Russia Nadia Petrova
7–6(7–5), 2–6, [10–8]
2012 Russia Maria Kirilenko
Russia Nadia Petrova (2)
Italy Sara Errani
Italy Roberta Vinci
7–6(7–0), 4–6, [10–4]
2013 Russia Nadia Petrova (3)
Slovenia Katarina Srebotnik (2)
United States Lisa Raymond
United Kingdom Laura Robson
6–1, 7–6(7–2)
2014 Switzerland Martina Hingis (3)
Germany Sabine Lisicki
Russia Ekaterina Makarova
Russia Elena Vesnina
4–6, 6–4, [10–5]
2015 Switzerland Martina Hingis (4)
India Sania Mirza
Russia Ekaterina Makarova
Russia Elena Vesnina
7–5, 6–1
2016 United States Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Czech Republic Lucie Šafářová
Hungary Tímea Babos
Kazakhstan Yaroslava Shvedova
6–3, 6–4
2017 Canada Gabriela Dabrowski
China Xu Yifan
India Sania Mirza
Czech Republic Barbora Strýcová
6–4, 6–3
2018 Australia Ashleigh Barty
United States CoCo Vandeweghe
Czech Republic Barbora Krejčíková
Czech Republic Kateřina Siniaková
6–2, 6–1
2019 Belgium Elise Mertens
Belarus Aryna Sabalenka
Australia Samantha Stosur
China Zhang Shuai
7–6 (7–5), 6–2

Mixed doubles[edit]

Year Champion Runner-up Score
1985 Switzerland Heinz Günthardt
United States Martina Navratilova
Poland Wojciech Fibak
Canada Carling Bassett
6–3, 6–4
1986 Australia John Fitzgerald
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
Spain Emilio Sánchez
West Germany Steffi Graf
6–4, 7–5
1987 Czechoslovakia Miloslav Mečíř
Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
South Africa Christo van Rensburg
South Africa Elna Reinach
6–3, 3–6, 6–3
1988 Netherlands Michiel Schapers
United States Ann Henricksson
United States Jim Pugh
Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
6–4, 6–4
1989 United States Ken Flach
Canada Jill Hetherington
United States Sherwood Stewart
United States Zina Garrison
6–2, 7–6(7–3)

Records[edit]

Player Record Year
Most Singles Titles
Men's Singles  Andre Agassi (USA)
 Novak Djokovic (SRB)
6
1990, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003
2007, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016
Women's Singles  Serena Williams (USA)
8
2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2013, 2014, 2015
Most Consecutive Titles
Men's Singles  Andre Agassi (USA)
 Novak Djokovic (SRB)
3
2001, 2002, 2003
2014, 2015, 2016
Women's Singles  Steffi Graf (GER)
 Serena Williams (USA)
3
1994, 1995, 1996
2002, 2003, 2004 & 2013, 2014, 2015
Most Consecutive Matches Won
Men's Singles  Andre Agassi (USA)
19
2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
Women's Singles  Steffi Graf (GER)
 Venus Williams (USA)
22
1994, 1995, 1996, 1999
1998, 1999, 2001, 2002
Most Times Seeded No. 1 at the Tournament
Men's Singles  Roger Federer (SUI)
7
2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2018
Women's Singles  Serena Williams (USA)
7
2003, 2004, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Unseeded Players Who Advanced to the Finals
Men's Singles  Sébastien Grosjean (FRA)
 David Wheaton (USA)
 Tim Mayotte (USA) (winner)
 Scott Davis (USA)
1999
1991
1985
1985
Women's Singles  Kim Clijsters (BEL) (winner)
2005
Youngest & Oldest Winners
Youngest Men's Singles  Novak Djokovic (SRB)
19 years,
316 days old
2007
Youngest Women's Singles  Monica Seles (YUG)
16 years,
111 days old
1990
Oldest Men's Singles  Roger Federer (SUI)
37 years,
235 days old
2019
Oldest Women's Singles  Serena Williams (USA)
33 years,
190 days old
2015
Most Finals Reached
Men's Singles  Andre Agassi (USA)
8
1990, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003
Women's Singles  Serena Williams (USA)
10
1999, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2013, 2014, 2015
Most Doubles Titles – Teams
Men's Doubles  Bryan (USA) /  Bryan (USA)
6
2007, 2008, 2014, 2015, 2018, 2019
Women's Doubles  Novotná (CZE) /  Suková (CZE)
 Novotná (CZE) /  Sánchez (ESP)
 Novotná (CZE) /  Hingis (SUI)
 Raymond (USA) /  Stosur (AUS)
2
1989, 1990
1995, 1996
1998, 1999
2006, 2007
Most Doubles Titles – Individual
Men's Doubles  Bob Bryan (USA)
 Mike Bryan (USA)
6
2007, 2008, 2014, 2015, 2018, 2019
Women's Doubles  Jana Novotná (CZE)
7
1989, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999

Sunshine Double[edit]

In 2005 Belgian Kim Clijsters became the first unseeded woman to win Miami Open and, after Steffi Graf, the second who completed Sunshine Double
Players who have completed the Sunshine Double
Indian Wells Masters and Miami Masters in the same year[19]
# Player Title(s) Year(s)
1  Jim Courier (USA) 1 1991
2  Michael Chang (USA) 1 1992
3  Pete Sampras (USA) 1 1994
4  Steffi Graf (GER) 2 1994, 1996
5  Marcelo Ríos (CHI) 1 1998
6  Andre Agassi (USA) 1 2001
7    Roger Federer (SUI) 3 2005, 2006, 2017
8  Kim Clijsters (BEL) 1 2005
9  Novak Djokovic (SRB) 4 2011, 2014, 2015, 2016
10  Victoria Azarenka (BLR) 1 2016

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Open Carrying Slam Appeal". Retrieved April 3, 2010.[dead link]
  2. ^ "Sony Ericsson a hit with Fans". Retrieved April 6, 2011.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Tournament History".
  4. ^ "Sony Ericsson Open". Prolebrity. Archived from the original on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  5. ^ "Murray wins Miami Masters title". BBC Online. 2009-05-04.
  6. ^ Buchholz Is Selling, But Not Giving Up, Tournament He Founded
  7. ^ Sias, Van (23 March 2019). "The Stat Sheet: Broken stranglehold on 'Sunshine Double'". Baseline. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  8. ^ Braden, Jonathon (21 March 2017). "Roger Federer Will Go For His Third Sunshine Double At The Miami Open | ATP Tour | Tennis". ATP Tour. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  9. ^ Rusedski, Greg. "Miami courts too slow". Reuters.
  10. ^ Bembry, Jerry (20 March 2019). "Picassos, DJs, and a new stadium: Inside the new Miami Open". ESPN.com. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  11. ^ "See First Glimpses of the Miami Open at Hard Rock Stadium".
  12. ^ Brenner, Steve (30 March 2018). "Why is the Miami Open moving to a 65,000-capacity NFL stadium?". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Here is a sneak peak at how Hard Rock Stadium will look for the Miami Open in March". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
  14. ^ Shmerler, Cindy (2019-03-18). "Relocated From a Park to a Football Stadium, the Miami Open Emphasizes Luxury". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 11, 2014. Retrieved March 30, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ http://www.wtatennis.com/SEWTATour-Archive/posting/2016/837/MDS.pdf[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ http://www.wtatennis.com/SEWTATour-Archive/posting/2016/837/QS.pdf[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ http://www.wtatennis.com/SEWTATour-Archive/posting/2016/837/MDD.pdf[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ Neelabhra Roy (2017-03-28). "10 tennis players who have completed the Sunshine Double". Sports Keeda. Retrieved 2018-04-03.

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
None
San Diego
Favorite WTA Tier I – II Tournament
1995
2004
Succeeded by
Indian Wells
Moscow
Preceded by
Indianapolis
ATP Tournament of the Year
19982000
Succeeded by
None
Preceded by
Monte-Carlo
Monte-Carlo
ATP Masters Series Tournament of the Year
20022006
2008
Succeeded by
Monte-Carlo
Shanghai

Coordinates: 25°42′29″N 80°09′32″W / 25.70806°N 80.15889°W / 25.70806; -80.15889