Miami Police Department
|Miami Police Department|
Seal of the Miami Police Department
Badge of a Miami Police Department officer
Flag of the City of Miami
|Common name||Miami P.D.|
|Operations jurisdiction||Miami, Florida, U.S.|
|Map of Miami Police Department's jurisdiction.|
|Size||55.27 square miles (143.1 km2)|
|Police Officers||1,371 (2019)|
|Stations||Miami Police Headquarters (Central Station), South District Station, North District Station|
The Miami Police Department (MPD), also known as the City of Miami Police Department, is a full-service municipal law enforcement agency serving Miami, Florida. MPD is composed of more than 70 organizational elements, including a full-time SWAT team, Bomb Squad, Mounted Patrol, Marine Patrol, Aviation Unit, Gang Unit, Police Athletic League Detail, Crime Gun Intelligence Center, and a Real Time Crime Center. With 1371 full-time sworn positions and more than 400 civilian positions, it is the largest municipal police department in Florida. MPD officers are distinguishable from their Miami-Dade Police Department counterparts by their blue uniforms and blue-and-white patrol vehicles. MPD operates the Miami Police College, which houses three schools: The Police Academy Class (PAC), The School for Professional Development (SPD), and the International Policing Institute (IPI), a program focused on training law enforcement personnel from countries outside of the United States. Jorge Colina is MPD’s 41st Chief of Police and was sworn in on January 26, 2018.
In 2010, the Miami Police Department was recognized by the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) with a special award for its community policing initiatives aimed at improving homeland security. The department was singled out for this distinction from a list of over 18,000 police agencies nationwide.
MPD follows a paramilitary organizational structure headed by the Chief of Police. The Deputy Chief of Police reports directly to the Chief and oversees the three major operational divisions of the agency, each of which is led by an Assistant Chief: Field Operations Division, Criminal Investigations Division, and Administration Division. The Internal Affairs Section, Professional Compliance Section, and Public Information Office report directly to the Chief of Police.
Miami is divided into three policing districts, which are in turn divided into thirteen neighborhoods:
- North District
- Central District
- South District
Ranks and insignia
|Chief of Police|
Rank insignias for sergeants are worn on the upper sleeves below the shoulder patch while rank insignias for lieutenant through chief are worn on the shirt collar.
The demographics of full-time sworn personnel are:
- Male: 82%
- Female: 18%
- Hispanic (of any race): 54%
- African-American/Black: 27%
- non-Hispanic White: 19%
Officers who died in the line of duty
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Since the establishment of the Miami Police Department, 37 officers have died in the line of duty.
|Officer||Date of Death||Details|
|Officer John Rhinehart (Bob) Riblet||
Wednesday, June 2, 1915
|Officer Frank Angelo Croff||
Sunday, May 22, 1921
|Officer Richard Roy Marler||
Monday, November 28, 1921
|Sergeant Laurie Lafayette Wever||
Sunday, March 15, 1925
|Officer John D. Marchbanks||
Tuesday, February 16, 1926
|Struck by vehicle|
|Officer Samuel J. Callaway||
Monday, January 10, 1927
|Officer Jesse L. Morris||
Friday, July 8, 1927
|Officer Albert R. Johnson||
Sunday, September 25, 1927
|Detective James Franklin Beckham||
Friday, February 3, 1928
|Officer Augustus S. McCann||
Wednesday, September 26, 1928
|Officer Sidney Clarence Crews||
Friday, April 26, 1929
|Officer John Brubaker||
Friday, March 31, 1933
|Officer Robert Lee Jester||
Saturday, November 18, 1933
|Officer Samuel D. Hicks||
Sunday, August 9, 1936
|Officer Patrick Howell Baldwin||
Friday, March 29, 1940
|Motorcycle Officer Wesley Frank Thompson||
Thursday, September 18, 1941
|Police Officer John Milledge||
Friday, November 1, 1946
|Police Officer Johnnie Young||
Saturday, March 8, 1947
|Police Officer Frampton Pope Wichman Jr.||
Friday, September 24, 1948
|Police Officer Leroy Joseph LaFleur Sr.||
Friday, February 16, 1951
|Police Officer James H. Brigman||
Wednesday, February 28, 1951
|Police Officer John Thomas Burlinson||
Saturday, March 8, 1958
|Police Officer Jerrel E. Ferguson||
Wednesday, November 7, 1962
|Police Officer Ronald F. McLeod||
Thursday, May 8, 1969
|Police Officer Rolland Lane II||
Saturday, May 23, 1970
|Sergeant Victor Butler Jr.||
Saturday, February 20, 1971
|Lieutenant Edward F. McDermott||
Sunday, May 18, 1980
|Police Officer Nathaniel K. Broom||
Wednesday, September 2, 1981
|Police Officer Jose Raimundo DeLeon||
Friday, December 21, 1984
|Police Officer David Herring||
Wednesday, September 3, 1986
|Duty related illness|
|Police Officer Victor Estefan||
Thursday, March 31, 1988
|Police Officer William Don Craig||
Tuesday, June 21, 1988
|Police Officer Osvaldo Juan Canalejo Jr.||
Tuesday, October 13, 1992
|Officer Carlos A. Santiago||
Tuesday, May 30, 1995
|Police Officer William Harris Williams||
Monday, July 3, 2000
|Detective James Walker||
Tuesday, January 8, 2008
|Police Officer Jorge Sanchez||
Tuesday, November 1, 2016
Miami Police Officers are issued the Glock Model 22 .40 S&W, prior to the Glock Model 22 officers were armed with the Glock Model 17 9mm which was in service from the late 1980s to the early 2000s. Detectives are issued either the Glock Model 23 .40 or the more compact Glock Model 27 .40. Prior to issuing the semi-automatic Glock pistols MPD officers were issued .38 Special Smith and Wesson Model 64 and Smith and Wesson Model 67 while detectives had the Smith & Wesson Model 60 "Chiefs Special" revolver also in .38 Special.
Investigations by U.S. Department of Justice
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The US Department of Justice (DOJ) has twice investigated the Miami Police Department since 2002.
A civil investigation conducted between 2011 and 2013 found that the city of Miami Police Department (MPD) has "engaged in a pattern or practice of excessive use of force through officer-involved shootings in violation of the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution." Between 2008 and 2011, officers intentionally shot at individuals on 33 separate occasions, three of which MPD itself found unjustified. The US DOJ found that a number of MPD practices, including deficient tactics, improper actions by specialized units, as well as egregious delays and substantive deficiencies in deadly force investigations, contributed to the pattern or practice of excessive force. All of the aforementioned officer-involved shootings that have been analyzed to date by the State Attorneys Office were found to be justified.
The DOJ's findings noted that MPD did not provide close supervision or hold individuals accountable for their actions by failing to complete thorough, objective and timely investigations of officer-involved shootings. For a significant number of the shootings, including one that occurred in 2008, MPD has not reached a conclusion internally as to whether or not the officer's firearm discharge was lawful and within policy. The DOJ also found that MPD's failure to complete timely and thorough investigations of officer-involved shootings undermined accountability and exposed MPD officers and the community to unreasonable risks that might have been addressed through prompt corrective action, noting that several investigations remained open for more than three years. Significantly, a small number of officers were involved in a disproportionate number of shootings, while the investigations into their shootings continued to be egregiously delayed. The DOJ noted that similar deficiencies were found in its previous investigation that began in 2002.
The 2011-2013 investigation was conducted by the Special Litigation Section of the Department of Justice's Civil Rights Division and the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of Florida, with the assistance of an experienced law enforcement expert, pursuant to the pattern or practice provision of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. It involved an in-depth review of thousands of documents, including written policies and procedures, training materials, and internal reports, photographs, video and audio recordings and investigative files. The review benefited from productive dialogue with MPD supervisors and officers, city of Miami officials, the Office of the State Attorney, the Civilian Investigative Panel, and members of the Miami community. The DOJ provided feedback to MPD during the investigation and commended Miami police chief Manuel Orosa for taking steps to address some of the deficiencies identified since the investigation began.
The findings letter of the investigation is available on the DOJ website. To address the issues it identified, the city will enter a judicially overseen agreement with the DOJ. In a statement responding to the investigation, Chief Manuel Orosa said, "The Miami Police Department welcomes this long-awaited response and looks forward to the opportunity to clarify several components of the letter, as well as to labor intensely to negotiate an agreement with the Department of Justice, as promptly as possible."
Former Chief Miguel A. Exposito has criticized the latest investigation of the Miami Police Department by the US Justice Department(DOJ), labeling it as slipshod and as a hatchet job against the agency. Among his criticisms was the intentional or negligent failure on the part of DOJ investigators to interview both he and former Chief John F. Timoney, who were the department's directors during the time-frame analyzed in the DOJ probe, this despite the fact that he had formally notified DOJ that he possessed information crucial to the outcome of the investigation and of his willingness to cooperate fully with investigators. Chief Exposito also criticized the Justice Department's final report as being vague, lacking substance and riddled with substantial inaccuracies, omissions and baseless conclusions. The former chief described many of DOJ's findings as nothing more than opinions and innuendoes. Chief Exposito concluded his rebuttal by stating, "By employing a partisan, distorted and myopic approach, coupled with unprofessional and unorthodox investigative practices, the Justice Department has done a great disservice to the law-abiding people of Miami, the men and women in law enforcement, and even the families of the decedents, who I trust were anticipating that DOJ would provide objective conclusions based on honest assessments and factual data."
As a result, he has asked Florida Senator Marco Rubio and Texas Senator Ted Cruz to request a Senate inquiry into the unethical conduct of DOJ investigators during the probe of the police department.
Controversy over speeding
On October 11, 2011, MPD Officer Fausto Lopez was speeding to a moonlighting job at up to 120 mph when he was caught by a state trooper after a 7-minute chase, with the video going viral on YouTube. The state trooper initially believed that the MPD cruiser had been stolen, so Lopez was arrested at gunpoint and handcuffed. This started a feud between the Florida Highway Patrol and the MPD (who regarded the arrest as an overreaction), involving police blog accusations and insults, posters attacking the state trooper who stopped Lopez, and someone smearing feces on another trooper's patrol car. An investigation by the South Florida Sun-Sentinel in February 2012 examined SunPass toll records and found that 800 cops from a dozen South Florida agencies drove their cruisers above 90 mph in 2011, mostly while off duty. As a result of the Sun-Sentinel report, 158 state troopers and officers were disciplined, mostly receiving a reprimand and losing their take-home cars for up to six months. Lopez, who was found to have driven 90 mph on more than 80 occasions, was suspended with pay in early July 2012 and terminated from the Miami Police on September 13, 2012.
- "Miami Fiscal Year 2020 Operating Budget" (PDF). 10/04/2019. Retrieved 10/04/2019. Check date values in:
- "Miami Police College Brochure" (PDF). Miami Police Department. 10/04/2019. Check date values in:
- "Council for a Strong America". Council for a Strong America. Retrieved 2019-10-04.
- Rabin, Charles (01/17/2018). "Miami's next police chief is a veteran with a goal to reduce gun violence". Miami Herald. Retrieved 10/04/2019. Check date values in:
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- Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics, 2000: Data for Individual State and Local Agencies with 100 or More Officers
- "The Officer Down Memorial Page".
- "Gun Review: The Timeless Smith & Wesson M&P Revolver". 14 October 2014.
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- Fritsch, Jane. "Gun of Choice for Police Officers Runs Into Fierce Opposition".
- Office of Public Affairs (9 July 2013). "Justice Department Releases Investigative Findings on the City of Miami Police Department and Officer-involved Shootings". US Department of Justice. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "Letter facsimile" (PDF). media.miamiherald.com. August 8, 2013.
- "Fallout Begins From DOJ Investigation Of Miami Police". CBS Miami. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Weaver, Jay; McGrory, Kathleen; Ovalle, David (9 July 2013). "Justice Department finds Miami Police used excessive force in shootings". Miami Herald. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Goode, Erica (10 July 2013). "Miami Police Department Is Accused of Pattern of Excessive Force". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "Exposito Wants Senate Investigation Of DOJ Report On MPD Shootings". 13 August 2013.
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- Hardigree, Matt (November 3, 2011). "Cops in Florida ready to fight each other over traffic stop". Jalopnik - Drive Free or Die. Gawker Media. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- Kestin, Sally (September 14, 2012). "Speeding cop Fausto Lopez fired". Sun-Sentinel. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of Justice document "Justice Department Releases Investigative Findings on the City of Miami Police Department and Officer-involved Shootings".