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Mianning County

Coordinates: 28°32′N 102°05′E / 28.533°N 102.083°E / 28.533; 102.083
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Mianning County
冕宁县 · ꍿꆈꑤ · མེན་ཉིང་རྫོང་།
A rural landscape in the county
A rural landscape in the county
Location of Mianning County (red) within Liangshan Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Location of Mianning County (red) within Liangshan Prefecture (yellow) and Sichuan
Mianning is located in Sichuan
Mianning
Mianning
Location of the seat in Sichuan
Mianning is located in China
Mianning
Mianning
Mianning (China)
Coordinates: 28°32′N 102°05′E / 28.533°N 102.083°E / 28.533; 102.083
CountryChina
ProvinceSichuan
Autonomous prefectureLiangshan
County seatGaoyang Subdistrict
Area
 • Total4,432 km2 (1,711 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total369,166
 • Density83/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.mn.gov.cn
Mianning County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese冕宁县
Traditional Chinese冕寧縣
Tibetan name
Tibetanམེན་ཉིང་རྫོང་།
Yi name
Yiꍿꆈꑤ
Romanisation: rruo nuo xiep

Mianning County (Chinese: 冕宁县, Yi: ꍿꆈꑤ, Tibetan: མེན་ཉིང་རྫོང་།) is a county of Sichuan Province, China. It is under the administration of the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture.

History[edit]

Mianning County has a long history of being a multi-ethnic region. The Annals of Mianning County (冕宁县志), published during the reign of the Xianfeng Emperor (1850-1861), listed a number of major ethnic groups in the region, including the Tosu, Lizu, Yi, and the Namuzi peoples.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mianning, elevation 1,774 m (5,820 ft), (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
25.6
(78.1)
31.4
(88.5)
32.4
(90.3)
33.8
(92.8)
33.2
(91.8)
33.3
(91.9)
32.9
(91.2)
32.0
(89.6)
29.0
(84.2)
25.6
(78.1)
21.4
(70.5)
33.8
(92.8)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
17.2
(63.0)
21.1
(70.0)
24.1
(75.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.2
(77.4)
26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
23.2
(73.8)
20.1
(68.2)
17.7
(63.9)
14.4
(57.9)
21.3
(70.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
8.3
(46.9)
11.8
(53.2)
15.3
(59.5)
18.2
(64.8)
19.6
(67.3)
20.9
(69.6)
20.7
(69.3)
18.1
(64.6)
15.0
(59.0)
11.1
(52.0)
7.1
(44.8)
14.4
(57.8)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
1.2
(34.2)
4.4
(39.9)
8.5
(47.3)
12.8
(55.0)
15.9
(60.6)
17.3
(63.1)
16.9
(62.4)
14.9
(58.8)
11.6
(52.9)
6.4
(43.5)
1.9
(35.4)
9.3
(48.7)
Record low °C (°F) −6.3
(20.7)
−7.6
(18.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.3
(39.7)
8.5
(47.3)
11.4
(52.5)
10.6
(51.1)
7.2
(45.0)
3.6
(38.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
−6.3
(20.7)
−7.6
(18.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.7
(0.11)
4.6
(0.18)
16.7
(0.66)
40.5
(1.59)
96.8
(3.81)
206.0
(8.11)
269.0
(10.59)
195.9
(7.71)
176.3
(6.94)
65.8
(2.59)
13.9
(0.55)
2.5
(0.10)
1,090.7
(42.94)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 2.7 7.3 11.9 16.3 22.0 21.2 19.1 19.3 14.4 5.4 1.9 143.7
Average snowy days 1.7 1.7 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.8 4.9
Average relative humidity (%) 61 56 56 59 64 76 80 78 81 74 70 66 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 201.7 197.1 224.0 216.4 185.7 110.8 127.9 147.1 90.2 102.8 153.3 172.2 1,929.2
Percent possible sunshine 61 62 60 56 44 27 30 37 25 29 48 54 44
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

A view of the Lugu Town

Mianning County administers 1 subdistrict, 15 towns, 2 townships, and 1 ethnic township.[5]

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Yi Romanized Yi Administrative division code
Subdistrict
Gaoyang Subdistrict 高阳街道 Gāoyáng Jiēdào ꇨꑸꏦꈜ guo yiep jie gga 513433001
Towns
Manshuiwan Town 漫水湾镇 Mànshuǐwān Zhèn ꂮꎹꃔꍔ mit shep fap zhep 513433101
Daqiao Town 大桥镇 Dàqiáo Zhèn ꄊꐇꍔ dap quop zhep 513433102
Fuxing Town 复兴镇 Fùxīng Zhèn ꃛꑟꍔ fup xi zhep 513433103
Lugu Town 泸沽镇 Lúgū Zhèn ꆹꇬꍔ li go zhep 513433104
Yihai Town 彝海镇 Yíhǎi Zhèn ꎿꀸꍔ shur pit zhep 513433106
Shilong Town 石龙镇 Shílóng Zhèn ꏃꇊꍔ shyp lop zhep 513433107
Hebian Town 河边镇 Hébiān Zhèn ꉼꀘꍔ hop bi zhep 513433109
Jinping Town 锦屏镇 Jǐnpíng Zhèn ꏢꀻꍔ ji pip zhep 513433110
Lizhuang Town 里庄镇 Lǐzhuāng Zhèn ꅿꍋꍔ ni zhuo zhep 513433112
Hui'an Town 惠安镇 Huì'ān Zhèn ꉼꉢꍔ hop nga zhep 513433113
Hongmo Town 宏模镇 Hóngmó Zhèn ꉼꃆꍔ hop mup zhep 513433114
Zeyuan Town 泽远镇 Zéyuǎn Zhèn ꊱꑻꍔ cip yuo zhep 513433115
Ruoshui Town 若水镇 Ruòshuǐ Zhèn ꏌꎳꍔ ruop shox zhep 513433116
Miansha Town 棉沙镇 Miánshā Zhèn ꂴꎭꍔ miep sha zhep 513433117
Mofanggou Town 磨房沟镇 Mófánggōu Zhèn ꃀꃔꇬꍔ mop fap go zhep 513433118
Townships
Xinxing Township 新兴乡 Xīnxīng Xiāng ꑝꑟꑣ xit xi xie 513433230
Jianmei Township 健美乡 Jiànměi Xiāng ꏧꂮꑣ xjiep mit xie 513433231
Ethnic township
Ho'ê Tibetan Ethnic Township
(He'ai)
和爱藏族乡 Hé'ài Zàngzú Xiāng ꉼꉟꀒꋤꑣ hop ngiep op zzup xie 513433226

Ethnic groups[edit]

A large number of the Tosu ethnic group, which comprises about 2,000 people, live throughout Mianning County.[2] Sizable clusters of Tosu people are located within Gaoyang Subdistrict, the former town of Houshan (后山镇, now part of Shilong), Fuxing, Hui'an, the former township of Haha (哈哈乡, now part of Gaoyang Subdistrict and Ruoshui), the former township of Linli (林里乡, now part of Fuxing), and the former town of Shaba (沙坝镇, now part of Manshuiwan).[2]

Languages[edit]

Two of the three Ersuic languages, the critically endangered Tosu language, and the Lizu language, are spoken within Mianning County.[6] A 2013 survey found nine partial speakers of the Tosu language, all of whom lived in Mianning County, and were proficient in Southwestern Mandarin, which they used for daily life.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "凉山州第七次全国人口普查公报(第二号)——县(市)人口情况" (in Chinese). Government of Liangshan Prefecture. 2021-06-02.
  2. ^ a b c Chirkova, Katia (2015-03-27). "The Duoxu Language and the Ersu-Lizu-Duoxu relationship". Archived from the original on 2022-01-13 – via HAL (open archive). {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  5. ^ 2021年统计用区划代码(冕宁县) [2021 Statistical Division Codes (Mianning County)] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2021. Archived from the original on 2022-01-13. Retrieved 2022-01-13.
  6. ^ a b Chirkova, Katia (2015-07-28). "A Phonological Sketch of Duoxu". HAL (open archive). Archived from the original on 2022-01-13. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)