Mica Dam

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Mica Dam
Aerial view of the Mica Dam
LocationMica Creek, British Columbia, Canada
Coordinates52°04′40″N 118°33′59″W / 52.07778°N 118.56639°W / 52.07778; -118.56639Coordinates: 52°04′40″N 118°33′59″W / 52.07778°N 118.56639°W / 52.07778; -118.56639
Opening date29 March 1973
Owner(s)BC Hydro
Dam and spillways
ImpoundsColumbia River
Height240 m (787 ft)
CreatesKinbasket Lake
Total capacity24.762 km3 (20,075,000 acre⋅ft)[1]
Surface area430 km2 (170 sq mi)
Power Station
Commission date1976–1977[2]
Installed capacity2,805 MW
Annual generation7,202 GWh[4]

Mica Dam, a hydroelectric dam spanning the Columbia River 135 kilometres north of Revelstoke, British Columbia, Canada, was built as one of three Canadian projects under the terms of the 1964 Columbia River Treaty and is operated by BC Hydro. Completed in 1973 under the terms of the treaty, the Mica powerhouse had an original generating capacity of 1,805 megawatts (MW). Mica Dam, named after the nearby settlement of Mica Creek and its associated stream, in turn named after the abundance of mica minerals in the area, is one of the largest earthfill dams in the world. The reservoir for the dam is Kinbasket Lake, which was created when the dam was built. Water from the dam flows south directly into Revelstoke Lake, the reservoir for the Revelstoke Dam. Mica Dam is the tallest dam in Canada and second tallest in North America after the Chicoasén Dam in Mexico and it is the farthest upstream dam on the Columbia River.[5] The dam's underground powerhouse was the second largest in the world at the time of its construction, and was the first 500 kV installation of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) insulated switchgear in the world.


Mica Dam was operational on March 29, 1973.[6] The dam was built to a height of 244 metres (801 ft) above bedrock, near the first location of the village Mica Creek. At the time, the dam was one of three storage dams built by the provincial power company BC Hydro, within the description of the Columbia River Treaty. The dam operated with a 427-square-kilometre (165 sq mi) reservoir containing 15 cubic kilometres (12,000,000 acre⋅ft) of live storage and 24.8 cubic kilometres (20,100,000 acre⋅ft) of total storage in McNaughton Lake, later renamed Kinbasket Lake in 1980.

Mica Dam spillway

The underground powerhouse, begun in 1973, was built to be 54 metres (177 ft) high, 24 metres (79 ft) wide and 237 metres (778 ft) long. In 1976, the first two electrical generators were commissioned, and in 1977 two more were completed bringing the total capacity of the powerhouse to 1,805 MW. Another two 500 MW generators were added and became operational in 2014 and in 2015, giving a total generating capacity of 2,805 MW.[2]

The Mica powerhouse delivers its power to Nicola Substation via a 500-kilovolt, 570-kilometre (350 mi) transmission line. A second power transmission line was built to the Meridian Substation near Port Moody, British Columbia, Canada.

A number of small communities were inundated by the creation of Kinbasket Lake, and comprised a region known as the Big Bend Country, a subregion of the Columbia Country.

Mica Dam was built to provide 7,000,000 acre⋅ft (8.6 km3) of water storage as outlined in the Columbia River Treaty, plus another 5,000,000 acre⋅ft (6.2 km3), referred to as "non-Treaty storage". Since 1977, BC Hydro and the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) have made a series of long and short term agreements for using non-Treaty storage. Negotiations for a new long-term agreement began in 2011. If implemented, it would manage non-Treaty storage until 2024.[7]


Climate station located just south of Mica Dam at an elevation of 579.10 metres (1,899.9 ft).[8]

Pumped storage[edit]

Kinbasket Lake above Mica Dam normally has unused capacity to store water and Revelstoke Lake below the dam has minimal storage capacity. A proposed pumped storage addition on the side of Mica Dam would pump water into Kinbasket Lake, which would later be used to generate power at Mica and Revelstoke dams.[9] This project was discussed in 2017 as storage for intermittent power from wind turbines in the event that the Site C Dam was cancelled.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Columbia River Treaty: Detailed Operating Plan for Canadian Storage" (PDF). Columbia River Treaty Operating Committee. Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 Review. June 2008. Retrieved 2015-01-05.
  2. ^ a b BC Hydro News, December 12, 2015
  3. ^ BC Hydro (2014). "Columbia Region". Archived from the original on 2015-01-04. Retrieved 2015-01-03.
  4. ^ "Mica Units 5 and 6 Projects: Project Update August 2011" (PDF). BC Hydro. August 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-25.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Columbia River Basin Clickable Map". United States Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
  6. ^ page 3, Kelowna Capital News, December 29, 1976, "New Generators, Boost in Mica power scheduled in 1977"
  7. ^ "BPA and BC Hydro seek new long-term water storage agreement". Bonneville Power Administration. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  8. ^ a b "Mica Dam". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 (in English and French). Environment Canada. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  9. ^ https://www.bchydro.com/content/dam/hydro/medialib/internet/documents/planning_regulatory/iep_ltap/ror/appx_10b_pumped_storage_mica_preliminary_cost_estimate.pdf

External links[edit]