Miccosukee, Florida

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Coordinates: 30°35′41″N 84°02′29″W / 30.59472°N 84.04139°W / 30.59472; -84.04139Coordinates: 30°35′41″N 84°02′29″W / 30.59472°N 84.04139°W / 30.59472; -84.04139
Country United States
State Florida
CountyLeon County

Miccosukee is a former small unincorporated community in northeastern Leon County, Florida, United States. It is located at the junction of County Road 59 (Veterans Memorial Drive) and County Road 151 (Moccasin Gap Road). Miccosukee was a major center of the Miccosukee tribe, one of the tribes of the developing Seminole nation, during the 18th century.


Miccosukee, like other unincorporated areas in northern Leon County, is an area of rolling hills dotted with ponds and lakes. The large, swampy Lake Miccosukee borders the eastern edge of the community.


Settlement of Miccosukee, Leon County, Florida.

The town of Miccosukee or Mikasuki was settled by members of the Miccosukee tribe, a group of Creek origin who had settled in Florida and become part of the developing Seminole nation. The Miccosukee often fought armed battles with white settlers. It was mapped by the British in 1778 and originally called Mikasuki with 60 homes, 28 families, and a town square. Some 70 gunmen protected the town. It was the capital of the short-lived State of Muskogee.

At the time he visited on his voyage of destruction in 1818 (First Seminole War), "Andrew Jackson and his men were stunned by the sheer size of the Miccosukee town. Having been occupied since before the American Revolution, it was a town of long-standing permanence." Jackson burned over 300 homes before departing on April 5, 1818.[1]:91–92. Whites estimated there were up to 500 warriors, and "the town was the largest in Florida at the time".[2]:183

In 1831, a U.S. Post Office was built along with schools, churches, and stores. Eventually the area became a center of cotton plantations, as was most of Leon County. Prior to the Civil War Miccosukee had three cotton plantations nearby, Miccosukee Plantation, Ingleside Plantation and Blakely Plantation.

After the Civil War, the area reverted to farms and by 1887, the Florida Central Railroad served Miccosukee. During the 1890s, wealthy industrialists bought large tracts of land for quail hunting plantations or estates removing thousands of acres of land from agricultural production. Miccosukee thrived until the boll weevil infestation of 1918. The Great Depression (1929-1935) destroyed Leon County's agriculture[citation needed] and the railroad pulled out in the mid-1940s.

Historical places[edit]

Civil War History[edit]

During the Civil War, soldiers from Miccosukee enlisted in Company K, 5th Florida Infantry and Company B, 1st Florida Cavalry. The following soldiers are interred at Runners Cemetery[where?] and other locations.

  • Pvt. Walter H. Averitt - Born December 24, 1841 in North Carolina. More details
  • 3rd Lieutenant Walter Richard Blake, Jr. - Born January 13, 1836 in Leon County. More details
  • 2nd Corporal C. Washington Branch - Born 1838 in Leon County More details.
  • Captain Isham Miles Blake - Born May 3, 1837 in Leon County. More details
  • Pvt. Leonidas Byrd - Birth date unknown. More details
  • Pvt. John Alexander Cromartie - Born August 14, 1834 in North Carolina More details.
  • 4th Sergeant Jesse Sinclair Montford - Born June 13, 1829 in Leon County. More details


Miccosukee Governmental Representation
Position Name Party

County Commission At-Large Mary Ann Lindley Democrat
County Commission At-Large Nick Maddox Democrat
Commissioner Dist. 4 Bryan Desloge Republican
U.S. House Gwen Graham Democrat
Florida House Michelle Vasilinda Democrat
Concord School on Cromartie Road.
Miccosukee Community Center

Community Facilities[edit]

  • Concord School - Served as a Leon County elementary school until it closed in 1985. The school yard now serves as a county park.
  • The Miccosukee Community Center is administered by the Tallahassee-Leon County Parks and Recreation Department. The center is used for a variety of activities including monthly "Senior Outreach" days.
  • Reeves Landing is a public boat launching facility on Lake Miccosukee just East of the village.
Miccosukee Volunteer Fire Department on Cromartie Road.

Groups and organizations[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cox, Dale (2013). Brininstool, Savannah (ed.). Milly Francis. The Life & Times of the Creek Pocahontas. ISBN 9780615894058.
  2. ^ Cox, Dale (2016). Fort Scott, Fort Hughes & Camp Recovery : three 19th century military sites in Southwest Georgia. Old Kitchen Books.
  • Paisley, Clifton; From Cotton To Quail, University of Florida Press, c1968.

External links[edit]