Michèle Vergne (born August 29, 1943 in L’Isle-Adam, Val d´Oise) is a French mathematician, specializing in analysis and representation theory.
Life and work
Michèle Vergne studied from 1962 to 1966 at the École Normal Supérieure de jeunes filles, which today is part of the ENS. She wrote her diploma thesis 1966 with Claude Chevalley, entitled "Variété des algèbres de Lie nilpotentes" and her doctoral thesis in 1971 under the supervision of Jacques Dixmier ("Recherches sur les groupes et les algèbres de Lie") at the University of Paris. She is currently Directeur de Recherche at CNRS.
Vergne worked in the construction of unitary representations of Lie groups using coadjoint orbits of the Lie algebras. She proved a generalized Poisson summation formula (called by its Poisson-Plancherel formula), which is the integral of a function on adjoint orbits with their Fourier transformation integrals on coadjoint "quantized" orbits.
Further, she studied the index theory of elliptic differential operators and generalizations of this to equivariant cohomology. With Nicole Berline, it became a link between Atiyah-Bott fixed-point formulas and Kirillov character formula in 1985. The theory has applications to physics (e.g., some works of Edward Witten).
In addition she also worked in the geometry of numbers; more specifically, the number of integer points in convex polyhedra.
Since 1997, she is a member of the Académie des sciences. She received the Prix Ampère in 1997. She is a member of The American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1992, she gave a plenary lecture at the first European Congress of Mathematics in Paris (Cohomologie equivariante et formules de carácteres). In 2006 she gave a plenary lecture at the International Congress of mathematics in Madrid (Applications of Equivariant Cohomology) and in 1983 she was an invited speaker at the ICM in Warsaw (Formule de Kirilov et indice de l'opérateur de Dirac). In 2008 she was Emmy-Noether - visiting professor at the University of Göttingen. She is a fellow of the American Mathematical Society.
Michèle Vergne was married to Victor Kac. They have a daughter, Marianne Kac-Vergne, professor of American civilization at the university of Picardie.
- with G. Lion: The Weil representation, Maslov Index and Theta Series, Birkhäuser 1980
- with Nicole Berline, Ezra Getzler: Heat kernels and Dirac operators, Springer, Grundlehren der mathematischen Wissenschaften, 1992, 2004
- Quantification geometrique et reduction symplectique, Seminar Bourbaki 2000/1
- Représentations unitaires des groupes de Lie résolubles., Seminar Bourbaki, 1973/4
- with Michel Duflo, Jacques Dixmier: Sur la représentation coadjointe d'une algèbre de Lie , Compositio Mathematica 1974
- Applications of Equivariant Cohomology, ICM 2006
- American Journal Mathematics, Bd. 107, S. 1159
- The original article was a (machine) translation of the corresponding German article.