Michał Kazimierz Pac

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Michał Kazimierz Pac
Michał Kazimier Pac. Міхал Казімер Пац (XVII).jpg

Herb Gozdawa.jpg
Born1624
Died4 April 1682
Vokė near Vilnius, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
FatherPiotr Pac
MotherHalszka (Elżbieta) Szemiot[1]

Michał Kazimierz Pac (Lithuanian: Mykolas Kazimieras Pacas; 1624 – 4 April 1682 in Vokė near Vilnius) of the Gozdawa Coat of Arms, was a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman and a member of the Pac family. He was a son of Piotr Pac (c. 1570-19 July 1640, Lithuanian Court Treasurer 1635-42, Voivode of Trakai 1640-42); and a cousin of Krzysztof Zygmunt Pac, the Chancellor of Lithuania.[1]

Biography[edit]

Michał Kazimierz Pac joined the army as a young man and steadily rose through its ranks. In 1663, during the Second Northern War (Deluge), when the territory of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was occupied by Russian and Swedish soldiers, Pac was appointed as the Field Hetman of Lithuania and voivode of Smolensk. He was further promoted to Great Hetman in 1667 and voivode of Vilna in 1669.[2] Pac opposed election of Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki (ruled 1669–1673) to the throne of the Commonwealth. In 1673, Pac fought in the Battle of Chocim against the Turks. After the death of Wiśniowiecki, he opposed election of John III Sobieski (ruled 1674–1696). When it was discovered that Pac plotted with Austria and Brandenburg against Sobieski, he fell from public favor.[2]

Michał Kazimierz Pac funded the construction of St. Peter and St. Paul Church in Vilnius, considered to be one of the best examples of Baroque architecture in Lithuania. Following his wishes, he was interred in the church vestibule and his grave was marked with a Latin inscription Hic iacet pecator (English: Here lies a sinner).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lulewicz, Henryk. "Piotr Pac h. Gozdawa". www.ipsb.nina.gov.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Simas Sužiedėlis, ed. (1970–1978). "Pac, Michael Casimir". Encyclopedia Lituanica. IV. Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius. pp. 144–145. LCC 74-114275.

External links[edit]